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WhoUsestheACSandWhyFederalAgenciesThroughouttheederalgovernmentagenciesuseACSestimatestoinormpublicpolicymakersdistributeundsandassessprograms.ForexampletheU.S.DepartmentoJusticetheU.S.DepartmentoLaborandtheU.S.EqualEmploymentOpportunityCommissionuseACSestimatestoenorceemploymentantidiscriminationlaws.TheU.S.DepartmentoVeteransAfairsusesACSestimatestoevaluatetheneedorhealthcareeducationandemploymentprogramsorthosewhohaveservedinthemilitaryandtheU.S.DepartmentoEducationusesACSestimatestodevelopadulteducationandliteracyprograms.StateandLocalAgenciesInormationromtheACSiscriticaltostateandlocalagencies.Plannersandpolicymakersusetheup-to-dateestimatestoevaluatetheneedornewroadshospitalsschoolsseniorservicesandotherbasicservices.ForexampleemergencyresponseplannersusetheACSestimatestomodelthecharacteristicsoareahousingandpopulationsotheymayevaluatethesupportneededintheeventoanaturaldisaster.NongovernmentalorganizationsACSestimatesareavailabletothepublicandareroutinelyusedbyresearchersnonprotorganizationsandcommunitygroups.Thesegroupsproducereportsresearchpapersbusinessplanscasestudiesdatasetsandsotwarepackages.Someotheseactivitiesaredesignedtoinormthepublicsomearedesignedtourtherbusinessventuresandsomeareusedtoapplyorundingintheormograntsanddonationsorcommunityprojects.EmergencyPlannersEmergencyplannersuseACSestimatestondlocalstatisticscriticaltoemergencyplanningpreparednessandrecoveryeforts.WhensevereweatherthreatensoranaturaldisasterhasoccurredACSestimatesprovideimportantcharacteristicsaboutthedisplacedpopulationsuchassizeageanddisabilitystatusandthecharacteristicsohousingthatmaybedamagedordestroyed.AmericanIndiansandAlaskaNativesACSestimatesareavailableortribalplannersandadministratorsaswellasnationalorganizationsservingAmericanIndiansandAlaskaNativestouseinplanningorutureeconomicdevelopmenthousingneedsandaccesstohealthandeducationalservices.IncombinationwithinormationromtribaladministrativerecordsACSestimatescompletetheportraitothecommunityandprovideanenhancedviewoacommunityscurrentandutureneeds.4www.census.govacs