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Business Dynamics Statistics

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Data

2012 Release

The September 2014 release of BDS data contains data for 1976–2012 and includes tables by establishment characteristics in addition to tables by firm characteristics.

  • Firm Characteristics Data Tables
    Describes job flow and entry/exit patterns for establishments in the U.S. classified according to the size and age of the firm with which they are associated.
  • Establishment Characteristics Data Tables
    Describes job flow and entry/exit patterns for establishments in the U.S. classified according to the size and age of the establishments themselves.

Important Note: The BDS uses rich longitudinal information on firms and establishments to generate measures of business dynamics and job flows. Since information from multiple years is used to produce a statistic for any given, having more years of data surrounding the year in question improves the quantity and quality of information used to generate the statistic. Thus, less information is available to generate the last year(s) of any given BDS release. Measures of job flows from firm and establishment births are especially sensitive to this source of measurement error and accordingly are more likely to be revised in subsequent releases.

Economic Census years (years ending in '2' and '7') present particular challenges in the computation of the BDS because of the integration of the Economic Census and the administrative data that underlies the BDS. The reconciliation of the Economic Census and administrative data takes time and involves substantial edits to the business micro data. The 2012 release of the BDS is the first covering an Economic Census year (years ending in '2' and '7') as a last year. (Further background information)


Legacy Versions

Legacy data tables for the 2009, 2010, and 2011 BDS are available upon request.



 What is the BDS?

The Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS) is a public use data set of annual aggregate statistics describing establishment openings and closings, firm startups, job creation and destruction by firm size, age, industrial sector, and state.


 BDS Codebook

BDS 2012 Codebook

  Download the
  BDS 2012 Codebook PDF (36 KB)


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Center for Economic Studies | (301) 763-6460 | E-mail CES |  Last Revised: September 25, 2014