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Business Dynamics Statistics

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BDS Visualization Tools – Analysis Examples

What Can I Do With the Visualization Tools?

Take a look at the sample analyses below to see how BDS data can be examined and interpreted using the visualization tools. Notice zooming in to examine particular years or categories of the data can provide a clearer picture of what is happening in the economy.

Need more help? A step-by-step example is provided on the What To Do First page, and the Help page provides information on how to use the tools.

Ready to get started? Use the interactive links in the menu to the left.



The Impact of the Great Recession by State

In 2009, the United States experienced large job losses as a result of the Great Recession. The impact of these losses was not felt equally across all states. The net job creation rate combines the jobs lost as businesses closed with the slower job creation by surviving businesses to give a complete view of the effect of the recession on the job market.

The Thematic Map shows states in the west and east experienced severe losses. States like Nevada and Arizona appear in light colors representing very negative (–9.9 to –6.0) net job creation rates. By contrast states in the middle of the country experienced relatively fewer losses. States like North Dakota and South Dakota appear in dark colors representing smaller negative or slightly positive (–2.9 to 1.5) job creation rates.

The Time Series lets us explore this in more detail by selecting individual states  to compare next to each other. Western states like Arizona and Nevada are the dark lines at the bottom of the graph while states from the Midwest like North Dakota and South Dakota are the red lines in the graph. The sample bar chart below is zoomed in on a subset of years. Drag a box around the points of interest in a graph to zoom in.

Click an image below to explore the Great Recession.

Great Recession Thematic Map Great Recession Time Series



The Recovery from the Great Recession

The jobs recovery has been slow but picked up strength in 2011. While some states like Montana and Idaho have still felt the effects of the recession (dark bars) others like Texas and California (light colored bars) experienced strong job gains.

Click an image below to explore the recovery.

Note: In the bar chart, drag a box around the bars in the All category to to zoom into those bars as shown below.

Recovery Thematic Map Recovery Bar Charts



Job Creation from Startup Businesses

The US economy is very dynamic with a substantial share of  jobs created every year.  Firms that were 0 years of age, known as startups, accounted for 2.5 million jobs created in 2011.

Click the image below to explore job creation by startup businesses. Drag a box around age categories of interest to zoom in on them as shown below.

Job Creation from New Startup Business Bar Charts

Startups play an important role in the U.S. economy. The time series chart below shows new jobs created by startups for selected sectors. The Services sector contributed a relatively high number of jobs through new ventures between 1992 and 2006. The chart also shows entrepreneurs in the Services sector were disproportionately affected during the Great Recession.

Click the image below to explore startup job creation by sector.

startup job creation by sector



The Up–or–Out Dynamic of Young Business in the U.S.

Startups and young firms contribute a substantial number of jobs to the U.S. economy. However, many of these firms will quickly exit. This is a common feature of modern dynamic economies and part of the experimentation process leading to innovation and productivity growth. New firms whose ideas succeed tend to grow quickly, while those that fail exit the market. The figure shows the job creation rate and the job destruction rate from exit for firms by age. Young firms expand at a relatively quick rate after entry (the job creation rate), but many young firms exit contributing to considerable job losses.

Click the image below to explore the up–or–out dynamic. Drag a box around age categories of interest to zoom in on them as shown below.

up-or-out dynamic


 BDS Partners

The Center for Economic Studies development of the BDS was partially funded by:

Kauffman Foundation
Small Business Administration


 Anemic Job Creation in
 the Aftermath of the
 Great Recession: Are
 Home Prices to Blame?

BDS Brief 8 (435 KB)

>> BDS Brief 8  PDF (435 Kb)


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Center for Economic Studies | (301) 763-6460 | E-mail CES |  Last Revised: November 21, 2013