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Business Dynamics Statistics

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Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS)

About the BDS

The Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS) provides annual measures of business dynamics (such as job creation and destruction, establishment births and deaths, and firm startups and shutdowns) for the economy and aggregated by establishment and firm characteristics. The BDS is created from the Longitudinal Business Database (LBD), a confidential database available to qualified researchers through secure Census Bureau Research Data Centers. The use of the LBD as its source data permits tracking establishments and firms over time.

BDS data tables show key economic data:

  • Employment – job creation and destruction
  • Job expansions and contractions
  • Number of establishments
  • Establishment openings and closings
  • Number of startups and firm shutdowns

The BDS series provides:

  • Annual statistics for 1976–2012
    • Age and size of firms and establishments
    • State
    • Metro/Non-metro and MSA
    • Standard Industrial Classification sectors
  • Coverage of the entire U.S. economy

Learn More

  • Methodology – Learn more about key concepts and methodology
  • Publications – Read statistical briefs, papers, and presentations
  • Data – Access data tables
  • Visualization Tools – Visualize data across multiple dimensions
  • Definitions – Find definitions of variables and concepts
  • FAQs – Get answers to frequently asked questions


 2012 BDS  Released

BDS Visualizations Line Chart 2012 Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS) are now available. Look up and visualize job and employment flows data by firm size, firm age, and other. Data available between 1976 and 2012.

>> BDS Statistics
>> BDS Visualization Tools


 BDS Partners

The Center for Economic Studies development of the BDS was partially funded by:

Kauffman Foundation
Small Business Administration


 What is the SynLBD?

The Synthetic Longitudinal Business Database (SynLBD) is a beta version of a public–use synthetic longitudinal business microdata product that provides researchers a way to explore relationships in the microdata while protecting the confidentiality of establishments' information.


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Center for Economic Studies | (301) 763-6460 | E-mail CES |  Last Revised: September 25, 2014