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Longitudinal Business Database (LBD)

The Longitudinal Business Database (LBD) has become one of the most frequently requested datasets in the secure Census Research Data Centers (RDCs). By itself or linked to other Census products the LBD provides important new insights about business formation and growth, the nature of competition, labor market dynamics, the nature of business cycles, the sources of productivity growth and the connections to credit markets and financing to name a few. The LBD and Business Dynamic Statistics (BDS) are unique among U.S. longitudinal business databases in providing consistent measures of economic activity at both the establishment and the firm level over a long period of time.

The LBD is a census of business establishments and firms in the U.S. with paid employees comprised of survey and administrative records. The LBD covers all industries and all U.S. States.

 

LBD Restricted–Use Microdata
Sector
Economic – Establishment Surveys and Data
Industry
Economy–wide
Frequency
Annually
Sponsor
Census Bureau
Unit of Enumeration
Establishment
Availability
1976–2011
Observations
Over 8.5 million in 2011
Related Links
More Information
Jarmin, Ron S. and Javier Miranda. 2002. "The Longitudinal Business Database." Center for Economic Studies Discussion Paper CES-WP-02-17.PDF (304 KB)


 What are Microdata?

Microdata are data at the level of the establishment, firm, individual, or household that are collected through census and survey programs.


 What is the BDS?

The Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS) is a public use data set of annual aggregate statistics describing establishment openings and closings, firm startups, job creation and destruction by firm size, age, industrial sector, and state.


 What are Census  Research Data Centers?

Census Research Data Centers (RDCs) are U.S. Census Bureau facilities, staffed by a Census Bureau employee, which meet all physical and computer security requirements for access to restricted–use data. At RDCs, qualified researchers with approved projects receive restricted access to selected non–public Census Bureau data files.


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Center for Economic Studies | (301) 763-6460 | E-mail CES |  Last Revised: July 01, 2013