Longitudinal Business Database (LBD)
The Longitudinal Business Database (LBD) has become one of the most frequently requested datasets in the secure Census Research Data Centers (RDCs). By itself or linked to other Census products the LBD provides important new insights about business formation and growth, the nature of competition, labor market dynamics, the nature of business cycles, the sources of productivity growth and the connections to credit markets and financing to name a few. The LBD and Business Dynamic Statistics (BDS) are unique among U.S. longitudinal business databases in providing consistent measures of economic activity at both the establishment and the firm level over a long period of time.
The LBD is a census of business establishments and firms in the U.S. with paid employees comprised of survey and administrative records. The LBD covers all industries and all U.S. States.
Economic – Establishment Surveys and Data
|Unit of Enumeration||
Over 8.5 million in 2011
Jarmin, Ron S. and Javier Miranda. 2002. "The Longitudinal Business Database." Center for Economic Studies Discussion Paper CES-WP-02-17. (304 KB)
Microdata are data at the level of the establishment, firm, individual, or household that are collected through census and survey programs.
The Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS) is a public use data set of annual aggregate statistics describing establishment openings and closings, firm startups, job creation and destruction by firm size, age, industrial sector, and state.
Census Research Data Centers (RDCs) are U.S. Census Bureau facilities, staffed by a Census Bureau employee, which meet all physical and computer security requirements for access to restricted–use data. At RDCs, qualified researchers with approved projects receive restricted access to selected non–public Census Bureau data files.