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Economic Data

Economic data refer to the Economic Census of establishments and various surveys and data for establishments and firms. With very few exceptions, the public use versions for these files are limited to data presented in aggregate form. The following tables list establishment and firm based data, the survey period, the frequency of data collection, the years of data available at CES, and the sponsoring federal agency. Access to these data will only be granted to qualified researchers on approved projects with authorization to use specific data sets. All researcher access to restricted–use data occurs at one of the secure Census Research Data Centers.

Some Census Bureau surveys are sponsored in whole or in part by other federal agencies. Sponsorship of data collections may also change over time. External research projects using these data may require permission of the sponsoring agency. Most economic data contain Federal Tax Information (FTI). Use of these data requires approval of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).


Restricted–Use Economic Census* Microdata
Data Set Frequency Unit of Enumeration Availability
Census of Auxiliary Establishments (AUX)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1977–2007
Census of Construction Industries (CCN)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1972–2007
Census of Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate (CFI)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1992–2007
Census of Island Areas – Puerto Rico (CIAPR)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1992–2007
Census of Manufactures (CMF)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1963,
1967–2007
Census of Mining (CMI)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1987–2007
Census of Retail Trade (CRT)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1977–2007
Census of Services (CSR)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1977–2007
Census of Transportation, Communications, and Utilities (CUT)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1987–2007
Census of Wholesale Trade (CWH)
Every 5 Years
Establishment
1977–2007

*All economic censuses are sponsored by Census Bureau

 

Restricted–Use Business Register Microdata
Data Set Frequency Unit of Enumeration Availability
Compustat–SSEL Bridge (CSB)**
Annually
Establishment
1981– 2005
Form 5500 Bridge File
Annually
Establishment
1992– 2006
Integrated Longitudinal Business Database (ILBD)
Various
Establishment
1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1994–2010
Longitudinal Business Database (LBD)
Annually
Establishment
1976–2012
Ownership Change Database (OCD)
Every 5 Years
(Discontinued)
Establishment
1963, 1967–2002
Standard Statistical Establishment List/Business Register (SSEL)
Annually
Establishment
1974–2012

**The CSB was constructed using the 2001 and 2005 Compustat and its history files.

 

Restricted–Use Establishment Microdata
Data Set Frequency Unit of Enumeration Availability Sponsor
Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM)
Annually
Establishment
1973–2011
Census Bureau
Current Industrial Reports (CIR)
Annually
(Discontinued)
Establishment
1993–2011
Census Bureau
Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS)
Various
Establishment
1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey – Insurance Component (MEPS–IC)
Annually
Establishment
1996–2006, 2008–2013
National Employer Survey (NES)
Various
Establishment
1994, 1996, 1997, 1998
Quarterly Survey of Plant Capacity Utilization (QPC) /
Survey of Plant Capacity Utilization (PCU)
Quarterly
Establishment
1974–2013
Survey of Manufacturing Technology (SMT)
Various
(Discontinued)
Establishment
1988,
1991, 1993
Census Bureau
Survey of Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditures (PACE)
Various
(Discontinued)
Establishment
1974–1982, 1984–1986, 1988–1994, 1999, 2005


Restricted–Use Firm Microdata
Data Set Frequency Unit of Enumeration Availability Sponsor
Annual Capital Expenditures Survey (ACES)
Includes Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Supplement starting in 2003
Annually
Firm
1993–2012
Census Bureau
Annual Retail Trade Survey (ARTS)
Annually
Firm
1999–2012
Census Bureau
Annual Wholesale Trade Survey (AWTS)
Annually
Firm
1995–2012
Census Bureau
Business Expenditures Survey (BES)
Also known as Business Expenses Supplement
Every 5 Years
Firm
1992–2007
Census Bureau
Business Research & Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS)
See also SIRD
Annually
Firm
2008–2011
Enterprise Summary Report (ESR)
Every 5 Years
Firm
1977–1992
Census Bureau
Exporter Database (EDB)
Annually
Firm
1997, 2002, 2004–2010
Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS)
Must be used in conjunction with Census Bureau restricted-use microdata
Annual
Firm
2004–2010
Manufacturers' Shipments, Inventories, and Orders (M3)
Monthly
Firm
1992–2012
Census Bureau
Quarterly Financial Report (QFR)
Annually
Firm
1977–2014
Census Bureau
Service Annual Survey (SAS)
Annually
Firm
1991–2012
Census Bureau
Survey of Business Owners (SBO)
Every 5 Years
Firm
1982–2007
Census Bureau
Survey of Industrial Research and Development (SIRD)
See also BRDIS
Annually
(Discontinued)
Firm
1972–2007

 

Restricted–Use Transactions Microdata
Data Set Frequency Unit of Enumeration Availability Sponsor
Commodity Flow Survey (CFS)
Various
Establishment
1993, 1997, 2002, 2007
Foreign Trade Data – Exports (EXP)
Monthly
Transaction
1992–2011
Census Bureau
Foreign Trade Data – Imports (IMP)
Monthly
Transaction
1992–2011
Census Bureau
Longitudinal Firm Trade Transactions Database (LFTTD)
Monthly
Transaction
1992–2011
Census Bureau

 

Recently Recovered Restricted–Use Microdata

In addition to the years and surveys listed on this page, thousands of tapes containing historic data were recently recovered and remain in an undeveloped state. For information on these data, see our Recently Recovered Data page.


 What are Microdata?

Microdata are data at the level of the establishment, firm, individual, or household that are collected through census and survey programs.


 What are Census  Research Data Centers?

Census Research Data Centers (RDCs) are U.S. Census Bureau facilities, staffed by a Census Bureau employee, which meet all physical and computer security requirements for access to restricted–use data. At RDCs, qualified researchers with approved projects receive restricted access to selected non–public Census Bureau data files.


 Recently Recovered
 Data

In addition to the data shown on this page, historic data from thousands of tapes were recently recovered and remain in an undeveloped state. For information on these data, see our Recently Recovered Data page.


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Center for Economic Studies | (301) 763-6460 | E-mail CES |  Last Revised: October 24, 2014