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USA Statistics in Brief--Prices

PRICES 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008

Consumer price index (1982-84=100) (percent change)1:

All items 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.8 3.8
Food 2.3 2.4 2.4 4.0 5.5
Shelter 3.3 2.6 3.4 3.7 2.5
Medical care 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.4 3.7
Fuel oil 50.5 35.3 13.0 7.4 39.0
Electricity 1.6 6.1 12.2 3.9 6.4
Producer price index (1982=100) (percent change)1:
Finished consumer goods excluding food 6.1 7.3 4.5 3.8 27.6
Intermediate materials 4.9 8.0 6.5 4.1 210.5
Crude materials 22.8 14.6 1.4 12.1 221.5
Retail prices (dollars per unit):
Gasoline, unleaded regular (gallon) 1.51 2.30 2.59 2.80 3.27
No. 2 heating oil (gallon) 0.93 1.71 1.98 2.24 2.99
Natural gas, residential (1,000 cubic feet) 7.76 12.70 13.73 13.06 13.68
Electricity, residential (kilowatt-hour) 8.24 9.45 10.40 10.65 11.36
Bread, whole wheat (pound) 1.36 1.29 1.62 1.81 1.95
Ground beef, 100% beef (pound) 1.63 2.30 2.26 2.23 2.41
Chicken, fresh, whole (pound) 1.08 1.06 1.06 1.17 1.31
Eggs, Grade A, large (dozen) 0.96 1.35 1.54 2.10 1.83
Milk, fresh, whole fortified (gallon) 2.79 3.24 3.00 3.87 3.68
Apples, Red Delicious (pound) 0.82 0.97 1.03 1.12 1.18
Tomatoes, field grown (pound) 1.57 1.85 1.64 2.15 1.73

FOOTNOTES
1Percent change from immediate prior year.
2Preliminary


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Administrative and Customer Services Division