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You are here: Census.gov People and Households Current Population Survey (CPS) MainData › Alternative Poverty Examples

Alternative Poverty Examples

  1. Create a table using the official poverty definition
  2. Create a table that includes one additional income component
  3. Change the percent from 100% to 135%
  4. Create a table using a relative poverty scale threshold
  5. Change the percent from 100% to 60%

Create a table using the official poverty definition  back to top
  • Note that the table produced using the Poverty Status - Alternative variable may not exactly match the published numbers. To match published numbers, use the Poverty Status variable or the Income-to-Poverty Ratio variable in your table structure instead of Poverty Status - Alternative.
  • To create a table that shows Health Insurance Coverage by Poverty Status - Alternative:
    • Official poverty measurement is based on the poverty universe, slightly smaller than All People. Select "Persons in Poverty Universe" as the Get Count Of option in the Data Options section.
    • The tables shown below were created from the 2005 files. To recreate these numbers, select "2005" as the Latest Year option.
    • In the Define Your Table section, select "Health Insurance Coverage" from the First Row variable selection box
    • select "Poverty Status - Alternative" from the First Column variable selection box
    • Let's also show the percent in poverty. Select "Poverty Status - Alternative" from the Percentages By selection box in the Statistics section.
    • Retain all other default selections; Under the Income Definition section, Money Income is the proper choice for the official poverty estimates. Alternatively, you can select one of the other pre-defined incomes or customize the income to be one or more of the 36 available income sources.
    • press the "Get Table" button at the top or bottom of the form
    • this creates the table below
CPS Data Collected in Year: 2005
Persons in Poverty Universe
Percentages by Poverty Status - Alternative
(Sums in Thousands)
 
NOTE: The Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement is an annual survey of approximately 78,000 households nationwide. Therefore, use extreme caution when making inferences when the cell sizes are small.
Some CPS questions, such as income, ask about the previous year. Others, such as age, refer to the time of the survey. The column labels indicate any subject with a reference year which differs from the survey year.

  Totals Poverty Status - Alternative in 2004
Below 100% 100% and above
Persons Persons Persons
Sum PCT Sum PCT Sum PCT
Totals 290,617 100.0% 37,029 12.7% 253,588 87.3%
Health Insurance Coverage in 2004 247,268 100.0% 25,681 10.4% 221,586 89.6%
Insured
Uninsured 43,349 100.0% 11,347 26.2% 32,002 73.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2005
 
Poverty Status - Alternative uses: (1) Poverty Threshold: Official Poverty Threshold with CPI-U but No Geographical Price Adjustment and (2) Income Definition: Money Family Income.

Create a table that includes one additional income component  back to top
  • Suppose you want to add one component, Food Stamps, to the Money Income components
    • NOTE: If you previously created the first example table, then use the Clear Form button in the tool to reset the form. The steps below presume you have not previously created the previous example table.
    • Repeat the first five steps from above.
    • select "Customize your own income definition" in the Income Defintion section.
    • check all 23 of the boxes corresponding to the Money Income sources in the slide out panel to the right. Also check the Food Stamps box.
    • press the "Get Table" button at the top or bottom of the form.
    • this creates the table below -- note that including Food Stamps reduced the percent in poverty from 12.7% to 12.1%
CPS Data Collected in Year: 2005
Persons in Poverty Universe
Percentages by Poverty Status - Alternative
(Sums in Thousands)
 
NOTE: The Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement is an annual survey of approximately 78,000 households nationwide. Therefore, use extreme caution when making inferences when the cell sizes are small.
Some CPS questions, such as income, ask about the previous year. Others, such as age, refer to the time of the survey. The column labels indicate any subject with a reference year which differs from the survey year.

  Totals Poverty Status - Alternative in 2004
Below 100% 100% and above
Persons Persons Persons
Sum PCT Sum PCT Sum PCT
Totals 290,617 100.0% 35,296 12.1% 255,321 87.9%
Health Insurance Coverage in 2004 247,268 100.0% 24,272 9.8% 222,996 90.2%
Insured
Uninsured 43,349 100.0% 11,024 25.4% 32,325 74.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2005
 
Poverty Status - Alternative uses: (1) Poverty Threshold: Official Poverty Threshold with CPI-U but No Geographical Price Adjustment and (2) Income Definition: Customized Family Income.
Customized Income: You selected components 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 24 25 26 30 31 32 33 (See the Income Definitions page for income component documentation)

Change the percent from 100% to 135%  back to top
  • To create a table with a different percentage of the poverty threshold (note that this is the ONLY way in CPS Table Creator to get percents, such as 135% or 185%, other than the pre-determined cutoffs allowed for the Income-to-Poverty Ratio variable):
    • Complete the first five steps from example 1.
    • enter "135" in the "Income-to-Poverty Ratio Percent Cutoff" box in the Poverty Thresholds section.
    • press the "Get Table" button at the top or bottom of the form
    • this creates the table below -- note that the labels in the table now say "Below 135%" and "135% and above"
CPS Data Collected in Year: 2005
Persons in Poverty Universe
Percentages by Poverty Status - Alternative
(Sums in Thousands)
 
NOTE: The Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement is an annual survey of approximately 78,000 households nationwide. Therefore, use extreme caution when making inferences when the cell sizes are small.
Some CPS questions, such as income, ask about the previous year. Others, such as age, refer to the time of the survey. The column labels indicate any subject with a reference year which differs from the survey year.

  Totals Poverty Status - Alternative in 2004
Below 135% 135% and above
Persons Persons Persons
Sum PCT Sum PCT Sum PCT
Totals 290,617 100.0% 54,285 18.7% 236,331 81.3%
Health Insurance Coverage in 2004 247,268 100.0% 38,589 15.6% 208,679 84.4%
Insured
Uninsured 43,349 100.0% 15,696 36.2% 27,653 63.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2005
 
Poverty Status - Alternative uses: (1) Poverty Threshold: Official Poverty Threshold with CPI-U but No Geographical Price Adjustment and (2) Income Definition: Customized Family Income.
Customized Income: You selected components 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 24 25 26 30 31 32 33 (See the Income Definitions page for income component documentation)

Create a table using a relative poverty scale threshold  back to top
  • To create a table that uses the OECD Equivalence Scale (1) applied to Money Income:
    • after producing the table in example 3, follow the next steps below.
    • select "OECD Equivalence Scale (1)" as the Poverty Threshold option in the Poverty Thresholds section
    • enter "100" in the "Income-to-Poverty Ratio Percent Cutoff or Equivalence Scale Income Percent Cutoff" box in the Poverty Thresholds section.
    • select "Money Income" in the Income Defintion section.
    • press the "Get Table" button at the top or bottom of the form.
    • this creates the table below -- note that this produces a percent Below 100% of "49.9%", or roughly half the equivalized incomes are below the median equivalized income. Note that the income threshold is displayed in the table footnotes.
CPS Data Collected in Year: 2005
Persons - All
Percentages by Poverty Status - Alternative
(Sums in Thousands)
 
NOTE: The Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement is an annual survey of approximately 78,000 households nationwide. Therefore, use extreme caution when making inferences when the cell sizes are small.
Some CPS questions, such as income, ask about the previous year. Others, such as age, refer to the time of the survey. The column labels indicate any subject with a reference year which differs from the survey year.

  Totals Poverty Status - Alternative in 2004
Below 100% 100% and above
Persons Persons Persons
Sum PCT Sum PCT Sum PCT
Totals 291,166 100.0% 145,269 49.9% 145,897 50.1%
Health Insurance Coverage in 2004 247,669 100.0% 113,102 45.7% 134,567 54.3%
Insured
Uninsured 43,498 100.0% 32,167 74.0% 11,331 26.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2005
 
Poverty Status - Alternative uses: (1) Poverty Threshold: OECD Equivalence Scale 1 Threshold and (2) Income Definition: Money Family Income. Median Income Threshold: $27,240.

Change the percent from 100% to 60%  back to top
  • To create a table that uses the OECD Equivalence Scale (1) and 60% of the equivalized Money Income:
    • after producing the table in example 3, follow the next steps below.
    • enter "60" in the "Income-to-Poverty Ratio Percent Cutoff or Equivalence Scale Income Percent Cutoff" box in the Poverty Thresholds section.
    • press the "Get Table" button at the top or bottom of the form
    • this creates the table below -- identifying those with equivalized incomes below 60% of the median equivalized income
CPS Data Collected in Year: 2005
Persons - All
Percentages by Poverty Status - Alternative
(Sums in Thousands)
 
NOTE: The Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement is an annual survey of approximately 78,000 households nationwide. Therefore, use extreme caution when making inferences when the cell sizes are small.
Some CPS questions, such as income, ask about the previous year. Others, such as age, refer to the time of the survey. The column labels indicate any subject with a reference year which differs from the survey year.

  Totals Poverty Status - Alternative in 2004
Below 60% 60% and above
Persons Persons Persons
Sum PCT Sum PCT Sum PCT
Totals 291,166 100.0% 79,834 27.4% 211,333 72.6%
Health Insurance Coverage in 2004 247,669 100.0% 59,108 23.9% 188,561 76.1%
Insured
Uninsured 43,498 100.0% 20,726 47.6% 22,772 52.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2005
 
Poverty Status - Alternative uses: (1) Poverty Threshold: OECD Equivalence Scale 1 Threshold and (2) Income Definition: Money Family Income. Median Income Threshold: $16,344.


Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Current Population Survey (CPS) |  Last Revised: