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How to Use CPS Table Creator to Reproduce the Alternative Measures of Income and Poverty (R&D) Series

The R&D series is based on research developed in the 1980s. This series focuses on alternative definitions of income but uses the same poverty thresholds across all income definitions. For a more complete description of each of the R&D income definitions, see: http://www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html. For more details about the series, including the methodologies used to estimate the value of inkind benefits, see http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/prevcps/p60-186rd.pdf Measuring the Effect of Benefits and Taxes on Income and Poverty: 1992". [PDF]

  1. Select the year or multiple years
  2. Select "Persons in the Poverty Universe"
  3. Subsets: pick the items desired
  4. Define Your Table: be sure to select "Poverty Status-Alternative as a column variable
  5. Statistics: the following selection will give the percentage in poverty as well as the number.

  6. Percentages by:
  7. Customized Formatting: use this to get subsets of specific ages (educational attainment for 18-24 year olds vs. over 25.)
  8. Appearance Issues:
  9. Customized Formatting for Alternative Poverty Measure Variables
    • Select Official Poverty Thresholds
      1. Price Adjustment Options: Select CPI-U or CPI-R
      2. Geographic Price Difference Adjustment: Select "No"
      3. Income Base for Equivalence Scale ** - not applicable
      4. Income-to-Poverty Ratio Percent Cutoff or Equivalence Scale Income Percent Cutoff ***
Definition 1: Money income excluding capital gains (current measure)
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources" except "Realized capital gains(losses)"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Federal earned income credit"
  5. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
Definition 2: Def#1 less government transfers
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources" except "Realized capital gains (losses)"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
Definition 3: Def#2 plus capital gains
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
Definition 4: Def#3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
  4. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Employer contribution to health care plans"
Definition 5: Def#4 less Social Security payroll taxes
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
  4. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Employer contribution to health care plans"
  5. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)"
Definition 6: Def#5 less Federal income taxes
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
  4. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Employer contribution to health care plans"
  5. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and "Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC"
Definition 7: Def#6 plus Earned Income Tax Credit
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
  4. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Employer contribution to health care plans"
  5. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and "Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC"
  6. In "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources" check "Federal earned income credit"
Definition 8: Def#7 less state income taxes
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
  4. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Employer contribution to health care plans"
  5. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and ""Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC" and "State income taxes after all refundable credits"
  6. In "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources" check "Federal earned income credit"
Definition 9: Def#8 plus nonmeans-tested government cash transfers
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. In "Educational Benefits" select "Non-government educational assistance"
  4. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Employer contribution to health care plans"
  5. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and ""Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC" and "State income taxes after all refundable credits"
  6. In "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources" check "Federal earned income credit"
  7. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
Definition 10: Def#9 plus Medicare
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and ""Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC" and "State income taxes after all refundable credits"
  5. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
  6. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Fungible value of Medicare" "and "Employer contribution to health care plans"
Definition 11: Def#10 plus regular price school lunches
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and ""Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC" and "State income taxes after all refundable credits"
  5. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
  6. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Fungible value of Medicare," "Regular-price school lunch," and "Employer contribution to health care plans"
Definition 12: Def#11 plus means-tested government cash transfers
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources"
  5. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources"
  6. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Fungible value of Medicare," "Regular-price school lunch," and "Employer contribution to health care plans"
Definition 13: Def#12 plus Medicaid
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and ""Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC" and "State income taxes after all refundable credits"
  5. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources"
  6. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
  7. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Fungible value of Medicare," "Regular-price school lunch," and "Employer contribution to health care plans"
  8. In "Government Means-tested Noncash Benefits" select "Fungible value of Medicaid"
Definition 14: Def#13 plus other means-tested government noncash transfers
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. In "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and ""Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC" and "State income taxes after all refundable credits"
  5. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources"
  6. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
  7. In "Other Noncash Income" select "Fungible value of Medicare," "Regular-price school lunch," and "Employer contribution to health care plans"
  8. In "Government Means-tested Noncash Benefits" select "Fungible value of Medicaid"
  9. All "Government Means-tested Noncash Benefits" (Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program, Free and reduced-priced school lunches, Low-income energy assistance, Public housing and rent subsidies using AHS estimates, and Fungible value of Medicaid) except "Public housing and rent subsidies using FMR-based estimates"
Definition 15: Def#14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. All "Taxes Deducted from Income"
  5. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources"
  6. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
  7. All "Government Means-tested Noncash Benefits" (Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program, Free and reduced-priced school lunches, Low-income energy assistance, Public housing and rent subsidies using AHS estimates, and Fungible value of Medicaid) except "Public housing and rent subsidies using FMR-based estimates"
  8. All "Other Noncash Income"
Definition 14a: Def#14 less medical programs
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. "Taxes Deducted from Income" check "Payroll taxes (FICA and other mandatory deductions)" and ""Federal income taxes after refundable credits except EIC" and "State income taxes after all refundable credits"
  5. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources"
  6. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Recovery Payments (2010)"
  7. All "Government Means-tested Noncash Benefits" (Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program, Free and reduced-priced school lunches, Low-income energy assistance, Public housing and rent subsidies using AHS estimates) except "Public housing and rent subsidies using FMR-based estimates" and "Fungible value of Medicaid"
  8. All "Other Noncash Income" except "Fungible value of Medicare" and "Imputed return to home equity on owner-occupied housing"
Definition 1a: Money Income after Taxes without EIC
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Federal earned income credit"
  5. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Stimulus Payments" (2009 ASEC) or "Economic Recovery Payments" (2010 ASEC)
  6. All "Taxes Deducted from Income" except "Property taxes"
Definition 1b: Money Income after Taxes with EIC
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources" including "Federal earned income credit"
  5. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources" except "Economic Stimulus Payments" (2009 ASEC) or "Economic Recovery Payments" (2010 ASEC)
  6. All "Taxes Deducted from Income" except "Property taxes"
Definition 1c: Money Income after Taxes with EIC plus Stimulus (2009 ASEC) or Economic Recovery Payment (2010 ASEC)
  1. All "Selected Cash Market Income Sources"
  2. All "Contributions from Outside the Household and Other"
  3. All "Educational Benefits"
  4. All "Government Means-tested Cash Income Sources" including "Federal earned income credit"
  5. All "Government Nonmeans-tested Cash Income Sources"
  6. All "Taxes Deducted from Income" except "Property taxes"

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Current Population Survey (CPS) |  Last Revised: