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Data

Figure 1. Total Population and Population Missing Due to HIV/AIDS Epidemics: 2012

Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

November 29, 2013

The HIV/AIDS pandemic has impacted the populations of many African countries. Ten countries in Africa with recent population projections were selected for Figures 1 and 2. These countries have suffered the combined loss of more than 14.5 million people. The scales of the epidemics vary, with some countries more heavily impacted than others. The population missing due to HIV/AIDS represents nearly 12 percent of Zambia's current population.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, and unpublished tables

NOTE: The graph compares a 2012 population estimate for a country to a "Without-AIDS" scenario that reflects a hypothetical population that would have resulted if the country had never been affected by an AIDS epidemic. The "missing population" is the difference between these two estimates. The 2012 country population estimates and the hypothetical "Without-AIDS" scenarios are the results of modeling produced by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Figure 2. Population Missing Due to HIV/AIDS Epidemics, by Sex: 2012

Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Differences in mortality patterns by age and sex result in some populations more heavily impacted than others. Females represent more than half of the missing population in the selected countries, and 65 percent in Uganda.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, Population Estimates Program, and unpublished tables.

NOTE: This graph is derived from a comparison of the 2012 population estimate for a country to a "Without-AIDS" scenario that reflects a hypothetical population that would have resulted if the country had never been affected by an AIDS epidemic. The "missing population" is the difference between these two estimates. The U.S. state; Defiance, OH micropolitan statistical area; and Prescott, AZ and Springfield, MO metropolitan statistical area population estimates are for 2012.