Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE)

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SAHIE Age Model Methodology 2000: Estimation of the Model Equation

CPS ASEC sampling variances are not constant over all counties. We avoid giving observations with a great deal of uncertainty (larger variances) the same influence on the regression as observations with less uncertainty (smaller variances) by, in effect, weighting each observation by the inverse of its variance. Representing this uncertainty requires recognizing that it arises from two sources:

  • uncertainty about where the estimates lie relative to the true values for each county (sampling error), and
  • uncertainty about where the true county values lie with respect to the regression surface (lack of fit).

To estimate the two components of variance, we model them as having different forms. We model the sampling error variance to depend on the sample size and on the proportion insured. The lack-of-fit component, on the other hand, is modeled as constant across all counties. Then the components can be distinguished using our Bayesian estimation method.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Small Area Health Insurance Estimates |  Last Revised: August 29, 2012