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Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates

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Census.govPopulation SAIPE Main SAIPE DataModel Input Data › Information about Data Inputs

Information about Data Inputs

The county and state models use selected variables based on survey and administrative sources including:

  • ACS: Direct single-year estimates of income and poverty from the American Community Survey, starting for SAIPE 2005 estimates.
  • CPS ASEC: Direct estimates of income and poverty from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) of the Current Population Survey (CPS), for SAIPE 2004 and prior year estimates.
  • Decennial Census: Direct survey estimates of income and poverty from the household survey accompanying the Decennial Census for 1980, 1990 and 2000.
  • Federal Income Tax Returns: Data summarized from federal individual income tax returns.
  • SNAP Benefits Recipients: Number of recipients of SNAP benefits (formerly known as the Food Stamp Program).
  • BEA Personal Income Estimates: Aggregate personal income estimates from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
  • SSI Recipients: Number of recipients of Supplemental Security Income benefits.
  • Population Estimates: Postcensal demographic estimates of the population of states and counties, by age and group quarters status.
  • Denominators for Poverty Rates: Adjusted estimates of population used as denominators in the poverty rates.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates |  Last Revised: August 15, 2013