U.S. Department of Commerce

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates

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SAIPE Methodology

SAIPE revises and improves our methodology as time and resources allow. The details of the methodology differ slightly from year to year. The most significant change was between 2004 and 2005, when SAIPE began using data from the American Community Survey, rather than from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey.

The SAIPE model has two distinct components:

  • state and county estimates, and
  • school district estimates.

School district estimates sum to county estimates, county estimates sum to state estimates, and state estimates sum to the national estimate.

More on SAIPE Methodology:

Guidance for using SAIPE estimates:


Video Tutorial

SAIPE Tutorial Screenshot
Video 1: Methodology Overview (5:04 min)











Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates |  Last Revised: December 11, 2013