U.S. Department of Commerce

Economic Census


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About

What is the Economic Census?

sample 2012 Economic Census form
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The Economic Census is the U.S. Government's official five-year measure of American business and the economy. It is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, and response is required by law.

In October through December 2012, forms were sent out to nearly 4 million businesses, including large, medium and small companies representing all U.S. locations and industries. Respondents were asked to provide a range of operational and performance data for their companies.

Some industries are not covered by programs outside of the economic census. View a full list here.

As part of the U.S.Census Bureau's mission to measure America's economy, the last Economic Census is being conducted for the year ending December 2012.

Why is it important?

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Data from the Economic Census is important for your industry, your community and your business.

  • Your trade association and chamber of commerce rely on information from the census for economic development and business decisions.
  • Government agencies, analysts and business organizations nationwide also rely on census information for planning and key economic reports.
  • Information provided by the Economic Census can also help you support decisions and planning for your own business. See examples ›

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Economic Planning and Coordination Division | 1-877-790-1876 | Last Revised: April 09, 2014