Skip Main Navigation Skip To Navigation Content

Economic Census


business.census.gov

Places

The economic census provides data for the following types of statistical areas that are published as "Places" or "Consolidated Cities" in the United States and selected Island Areas.

Incorporated Places

For the 2012 Economic Census, incorporated places are legally defined as incorporated municipalities (cities, towns, villages and boroughs) with 2,500 or more inhabitants (from the 2012 Population Estimates) or jobs. For the 2007 Economic Census, this cutoff was 5,000 inhabitants (from the 2007 American Community Survey) or jobs. The change in criteria has resulted in more than 5,000 new places being recognized for the 2012 Economic Census. For a list of these new places by state, see the Geography Changes page.

Unincorporated Places

Unincorporated places are unincorporated county subdivisions with 2,500 or more inhabitants or jobs. (These areas are also known as Census Designated Places (CDP's).) As is the case for Incorporated Places, the criteria for these areas was also reduced from the 5,000 cutoff used for the 2007 Economic Census. For a list of these new places by state, see the Geography Changes page.

These are also known as Census Designated Places (CDP's).

Note: These are new starting with the 2007 Economic Census, except for Hawaii (which included CDP's with 2,500 or more inhabitants in the 2002 and prior economic censuses, since it does not have any recognized incorporated places).

Independent Cities

These cities (in Maryland, Missouri, Nevada and Virginia) are independent of any county organization and constitute primary divisions of their States. They are treated as County and Place equivalents in the Economic Census.

Additional "place equivalents" in the Island Areas

These include "Counties" in American Samoa and towns in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Part Places

Part Places are the County parts of places that cross County boundaries. The Place total, as well as the County parts of the Place are both published in the economic census.

Balances of Counties

Balances of Counties include all municipalities, towns and townships that do not qualify using the criteria noted above as well as the remainders of Counties outside places. These areas were significantly impacted by the place criteria change implemented for the 2012 Economic Census. For a list of these new impacted places by state, see the Geography Changes page.

Coding

Places are identified by a 5-digit Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) Place code (PLACE), which are sequenced alphabetically within a state.

  • Part place totals are identified with a county code of "000" and the appropriate place code.
  • Place parts are assigned the appropriate county code for each part.
  • "Balance of county" places are assigned a place code of "98xxx", where "xxx" is the ANSI County code.

Note: With the change in the population cutoff and the addition of a jobs-based cutoff for Incorporated Places, plus the addition of CDPs, the places shown may be different from what was shown in prior economic censuses.

Consolidated Cities

Consolidated cities are consolidated governments, which consist of separately incorporated municipalities. They are identified by a 5-digit ANSI Consolidated City code (CONSCITY), which are sequenced alphabetically.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Economic Planning and Coordination Division | 1-877-790-1876 | Last Revised: July 22, 2014