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Economic Census


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Codes Not Covered

The following NAICS codes are not covered in the economic census.

Those industries marked with "CBP" are included in County Business Patterns and in Statistics of U.S. Businesses, which both use NAICS.

NAICS Industry categories excluded from the economic census Coverage in CBP
11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting CBP (except 111,112)
482 Rail Transportation  
491 Postal Service  
525 Funds, Trusts, and Other Financial Vehicles CBP (except 5251)
6111 Elementary and Secondary Schools CBP (private schools only)
6112 Junior Colleges CBP (private schools only)
6113 Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools CBP (private schools only)
8131 Religious Organizations CBP
81393 Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations CBP
81394 Political Organizations CBP
814 Private Households  
92 Public Administration  

Exclusion of Government-Owned Establishments

The economic census does not generally include government-owned establishments, even when their primary activity would be classified in industries covered by the economic census. Because of these exclusions, economic census data for industries in many sectors might appear to be incomplete.

Sector Illustrative Governmental Activities Excluded
Utilities Public electric, gas, water and sewer utilities
Construction Highway construction performed by government employees
Retail Trade Post exchanges, ship stores and similar establishments operated on military posts by agencies of the federal government
Transportation and Warehousing Publicly-operated buses and subway systems
Information Public libraries
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services Municipal trash removal
Health Care and Social Assistance Municipal ambulance services and County or city nursing care services
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Public museums or zoos

In addition, certain industries dominated by government activity are excluded from the scope of the economic census.

At the same time, exceptions have been made to include certain governmental activities in the economic census:

  • Hospitals
  • Government-owned liquor stores
  • University press publishers
  • Federal Reserve Banks

In addition, the economic census does include the activities of private contractors that may be carrying out governmental functions on contract. For example:

  • Highway construction contractors
  • Privately operated prisons
  • Private firms contracting to provide services to government
  • Government-owned/contractor-operated (GOCO) plants

There is a separate Census of Governments, which provides some data on revenue, expenditures, and employment for various governmental functions, such as streets and highways, solid waste management, sewerage, electric power, transit, and local libraries. At the same time, these data are not reported on an establishment basis and are not classified by NAICS.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Economic Planning and Coordination Division | 1-877-790-1876 | Last Revised: March 21, 2014