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All businesses can report electronically. New data will be gathered from large multi-location businesses. A few new industries have been defined. Learn more ›
Most businesses with paid employees in your industry or geographic area will receive Economic Census forms. How many? See the estimates for your industry or area.
To reduce response burden on the business community and to hold down costs of data collection, many very small businesses will not receive forms. Data are, instead, obtained from administrative sources for businesses with no paid employees, as well as for the very small businesses with paid employees that aren't selected to receive forms.
The Economic Census is the official 5-year measure of American business. It provides the foundation for many of the key economic indicators America uses, like Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and monthly retail sales.
Economic policy makers in Federal, state, and local governments use Economic Census statistics to project trends, plan for development, assess the impact of changes in the economy. Businesses study their own industries and look for business markets, as illustrated in these examples of using economic statistics from Census.
Think the Economic Census is a new federal program? The Economic Census traces its roots to the 1810 Decennial Census, when questions were asked about manufacturing along with questions about the population. See an article about the history of the Economic Census.