2002 Economic Census:
|Scope||Other reports||Dollar values||Comparability||Reliability of data||Disclosure||More frequent data||Contacts|
|Introduction to the Economic Census|
|Purposes and uses||Industry classifications||Relationship to historical classifications||Basis of reporting||Geographic area coding||Additional data||Historical information||Sources for more information|
The Advance Report presents data from the 2002 Economic Census, with comparative data from the 1997 Economic Census. Data for 2002 are preliminary and subject to change, and will be superseded by data released in later reports.
This report includes two tables at the national level, with data for industry sectors and subsectors classified according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Both tables include general statistics for establishments of firms with payroll on number of establishments; sales, receipts, revenue, or shipments; payroll; and employment. Table 1 shows statistics for 2002, based on NAICS 2002. Table 2 shows comparative statistics for 2002 and 1997 based on NAICS 1997.
Several of the figures in the report did not meet publication standards as of the date of release, and were replaced by "S". These data will be published in later reports.
Exclusions: The economic census does not include the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting sector and the Public Administration sector. A number of individual industries, such as religious organizations, also are not covered. Further, government-owned establishments in covered industries, such as a government-operated trade school, are also not included, with the exception of government-operated hospitals and liquor stores, which are included.
This report excludes establishments of firms with no paid employees. These “nonemployers”, typically self-employed individuals or partnerships operating businesses that they have not chosen to incorporate, are reported separately in Nonemployer Statistics. The contribution of nonemployers may be examined at www.census.gov/nonemployerimpact.
Definitions: Definitions of industry categories and other terms are linked in the column and row headings of the tables.
The following reports will supersede the data presented in this report and provide considerably more detail.
Industry Series. There is a separate report covering each industry or group of related industries. The reports present, by kind of business for the United States, general statistics for establishments of firms with payroll on number of establishments; sales, receipts, revenue, or shipments; payroll; and employment. Also included are comparative statistics for 2002 and 1997, product lines, and concentration of business activity in the largest firms. The data in industry reports are preliminary and subject to change in subsequent reports.
Geographic Area Series. For each sector, there is a separate report for each state, the District of Columbia, and, in most cases, the United States. Each state report presents, for establishments of firms with payroll, general statistics for the state, and for most sectors, metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, counties, and places with 2,500 inhabitants or more. Greater kind-of-business detail is shown for larger areas.
Comparative Statistics report. This report presents general statistics for establishments of firms with payroll for both 2002 and 1997, classified according to NAICS 1997 to facilitate comparisons, for the United States and states.
Bridge Between NAICS 2002 and NAICS 1997 report. This report presents general statistics for establishments of firms with payroll for 2002, classified according to the lowest common denominator categories between NAICS 2002 and NAICS 1997.
Subject Series. For each sector, there are reports that explore a particular subject in greater detail, primarily at the national level. Examples include product lines and establishment and firm size.
ZIP Code report. This report presents data for establishments of firms with payroll by United States ZIP Code for nine sectors.
Nonemployer Statistics report. This report presents the number of establishments and receipts for nonemployers, that is, firms not subject to payroll tax, typically self-employed individuals. Data are presented for the United States and States, and are also available for counties and metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.
Survey of Business Owners. There is a separate report for businesses owned by Blacks, Hispanics, Asians and Pacific Islanders, American Indians and Alaska Natives, and women, with a company summary that includes businesses owned by whites and males. Data are presented for both firms with paid employees and all firms, including nonemployers. General statistics are shown for the United States, states, metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, counties, and places with 2,500 or more inhabitants. Additional characteristics shown for the United States and states include owner characteristics, such as age, education level, and disability status, and business characteristics, such as sources of financing and whether the business is home-based or family owned.
Business Expenses report. This report presents, for the United States, operating expenses for wholesale merchants, retail trade, most service sectors, and manufacturing.
All dollar values presented are expressed in current dollars; i.e., 2002 data are expressed in 2002 dollars, and 1997 data, in 1997 dollars. Consequently, when making comparisons with prior years, users of the data should consider the changes in prices that have occurred.
All dollar values are shown in thousands of dollars.
Both the 2002 Economic Census and the 1997 Economic Census present data based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). NAICS 2002 includes substantial revisions from NAICS 1997 for the construction and wholesale trade sectors, as well as selected changes in the information and retail trade sectors. Table 2 presents data classified according to NAICS 1997 to facilitate year-to-year comparisons.
The following industries included in 2002 were out of scope of the 1997 Economic Census: NAICS 54132 Landscape Architectural Services, 54194 Veterinary Services, 56173 Landscaping Services, and 81291 Pet Care (except Veterinary) Services.
The 2002 data for selected industries include “enterprise support” establishments that primarily serve other establishments of the same enterprise. These establishments were not included in industry totals in 1997, but were instead included in the “Auxiliaries, Excluding Corporate, Subsidiary, and Regional Managing Offices” reports.
All data compiled in the economic census are subject to nonsampling errors. Nonsampling errors can be attributed to many sources: inability to identify all cases in the actual universe; definition and classification difficulties; differences in the interpretation of questions; errors in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, processing, and estimation for missing or misreported data. Figures for the Construction sector are subject to sampling errors, since these data originate from a survey that included all large employers and a sample of the smaller ones.
The accuracy of these tabulated data is determined by the joint effects of the various nonsampling errors. No direct measurement of these effects has been obtained, except for estimation for missing or misreported data, included in later reports. Precautionary steps were taken in all phases of the collection, processing, and tabulation of the data in an effort to minimize the effects of nonsampling errors.
In accordance with federal law governing census reports (Title 13 of the United States Code), no data are published that would disclose the operations of an individual establishment or business.
The U.S. Census Bureau conducts a number of monthly, quarterly, and annual surveys of businesses. These surveys, while providing more frequent observations, typically yield less kind-of-business and geographic detail than the economic census.
The County Business Patterns program offers annual statistics on the number of establishments, employment, and payroll classified by industry within each county, and Statistics of U.S. Businesses provides annual statistics classified by the employment size of the enterprise, further classified by industry for the United States, and by broader industry categories for states and metropolitan areas. Both of these programs include data for a few industries excluded from economic census reports.
Questions about these data may be directed to the U.S. Census Bureau, Economic Planning and Coordination Division, 1-877-790-1876 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
The following abbreviation is used with these data:
|S||Withheld because estimates did not meet publication standards.|