Single mode shipments – Shipments transported by only one of the following modes: Private truck, For-hire truck, Rail, any water mode, Pipeline, or Air.
Private truck – Trucks operated by employees of this establishment or the buyer/receiver of the shipment. Includes trucks providing dedicated services to the establishment.
For-hire truck – Truck operated by common or contract carriers made under a negotiated rate.
Rail – Any common carrier or private railroad.
Inland Water – In previous cycles this was known as Shallow Draft. Inland Water refers to vessels or barges operating primarily in inland or coastal waterways, both within and along the borders of the United States, such as rivers, lakes (excluding the Great Lakes), coastal waters, locks, and canals.
Great Lakes – Any vessel or barge operating on the Great Lakes.
Deep Sea – In previous cycles this was known as Deep Draft. Deep Sea refers to vessels or barges operating primarily in the open waters of the ocean, mostly outside the borders of the United States.
Multiple Waterways – Shipments sent by any combination of Inland Water, Great Lakes, and Deep Sea, usually involving a transfer between vessels.
Pipeline – Movements of commodities i.e., oil, petroleum, gas, slurry, etc. through pipelines that extend to other establishments or locations beyond the shipper's establishment. Does not include aqueducts for the movement of water.
Air – Any shipment sent by an air route to its destination This includes shipments carried by truck to or from an airport.
Multiple mode shipments – Shipments for which two or more of the following modes of transportation were used:
- Private and/or for-hire truck
- Any water mode
- Air (except with only truck modes)
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or Courier shipments are considered multiple modes because this category includes all parcel shipments whether on the ground or via air tendered to a parcel or express carrier. Parcel shipments are limited to a maximum of 150 pounds. Note: "Truck and Rail" and "Rail and Water" combinations included under "Multiple Modes" may not reflect all the movement of trailers or containers by rail and at least one other mode of transportation. Since the shipper may not always know the modal combinations used to transport the goods, some shipments moving by more than one mode may be reported as a single mode shipment. This may result in underestimation of multimodal shipments in the CFS.
Parcel delivery/Courier/U.S. Parcel Post – Includes ground and air segments of shipments of packages and parcels. Parcel shipments are limited to a maximum weight of 150 pounds.
Other multiple modes – Shipments sent by any other mode combinations not specifically listed in the tables.
Other modes – Shipments for which no mode of transportation were reported, or were reported by the respondent as "Other." And shipments with a mode other than any of the listed modes, such as conveyor belt, animal power, etc.
[Note:The NAICS hierarchy for the current 1,170 industries is digits 1 & 2 digits - Industry Sector, 3- Subsector, 4- Industry Group, 5- NAICS Industry, 6- National Industry]
[Note: The Standard Transportation Commodity Code (STCC) coding scheme maintained by the Association of American Railroads was used in the initial CFS in 1993.]