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Enterprise Statistics

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Historical Enterprise Statistics Data

From the 1954 through the 1992 Economic Censuses, the U.S. Census Bureau published a collection of enterprise statistics reports. As stated in the 1992 Company Summary, the most recent report in this series:

"Essentially, the enterprise statistics program involves aggregating the census data records of establishments that are under common ownership or control and assigning company codes to show various economic characteristics of the firms that own or control the establishments."

Since 1954, the number of reports published in each census has varied. In 1954, two reports were published a company summary report and a report on auxiliary units (central administrative offices and auxiliaries). For 1958, 1963, and 1967, reports linking census establishment reports with tax return reports were published but subsequently discontinued due to limited use (though these tables were still provided to the Bureau of Economic Analysis for several more censuses). In later economic censuses, tables on mergers and acquisitions and tables presenting data for large companies were published. The last reports were published in 1992, including a company summary, large company data, and data on auxiliary units.

The Enterprise Statistics Program was discontinued after 1992, but it will be restored as part of the 2012 Economic Census. No publications are available between 1992 and 2007. Please note that data are not necessarily comparable between survey periods. Refer to the methodology section of each publication for more information.

For the earlier Enterprise Statistics Programs, the following reports were published:


1992 Results
  • The Company Summary report provides basic data for all census-covered multi-unit companies. This publication also provides data for companies with 500 or more employees and auxiliary establishments. For large companies, national-level figures are provided by company industry classification on number of companies, number of employees, number of establishments, annual payroll, sales and receipts, inventories, capital expenditures, assets, depreciation charges, and selected operating expenses. Table 6 of this publication presents data on separately reported auxiliary units of multi-establishment firms covered in the 1992 Economic Census.
1987 Results 1982 Results
  • The Large Companies report provides national statistics for companies with 500 or more employees. Data include selected company operating and financial data by industry, industry diversification patterns, employment and asset size, and historical comparisons.
  • The Auxiliary Establishment report provides national and state data for auxiliary establishments. Statistics include location, primary functions, employment by type of work, and selected operating and financial data.
  • The Company Summary report provides basic data for all census covered multi-unit companies.
  • The General Report on Industrial Organization is based on responses from the many different 1982 Economic and Agriculture Censuses report forms. This report contains tables that provide comprehensive data on the industrial organization, size and structure, and legal form of organization of all census reporting firms and the establishments they own or control. This publication also contains data for large companies in 1982.
  • The Auxiliary Establishment report provides national and state data for auxiliary establishments. Statistics include location, primary functions, employment by type of work, and selected operating and financial data.
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Enterprise Statistics Program | (301) 763-3316 | csd.sbo@census.gov | Last Revised: May 01, 2013