U.S. Department of Commerce

Information & Communication Technology Survey

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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

General highlights

In 2011, U.S. nonfarm businesses with employees spent a total of $289.9 billion on noncapitalized and capitalized information and communication technology (ICT) equipment, including computer software. This represents an increase of 10.6 percent from the revised 2010 estimate of $262.2 billion.1 (See Summary Table A below, Table 1a [xls, 104KB] and 1b[xls, 104KB].)

Noncapitalized ICT spending in 2011 was $100.2 billion (34.6 percent of total spending), which is an increase of 8.2 percent from the revised 2010 estimate of $92.6 billion. Capitalized ICT spending in 2011 was $189.7 billion (65.4 percent of total spending), an 11.8 percent increase from 2010. Note: If an increase or decrease compared with 2010 is not stated in the text, then there was no statistically significant difference between 2011 and 2010 data.2)

Summary Table A. Total Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total 289.9 262.2 10.6
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 100.2 92.6 8.2
    Capitalized Expenditures 189.7 169.6 11.8
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of the Sampling and Estimation Methodologies appendix for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.

Noncapitalized expenditures. Of total noncapitalized ICT spending in 2011 ($100.2 billion), purchases of ICT equipment accounted for $19.2 billion (19.2 percent), an increase of 11.7 percent from 2010. Operating leases and rental payments accounted for $15.7 billion (15.7 percent). Computer software expenditures accounted for $65.2 billion (65.1 percent), an increase of 10.1 percent from 2010.

Purchases of ICT equipment. Computer and peripheral equipment accounted for $13.2 billion (68.8 percent) of the $19.2 billion spent on noncapitalized ICT purchases, an increase of 18.6 percent from 2010. ICT equipment excluding computers and peripherals accounted for $5.7 billion. Electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatuses accounted for $0.3 billion.

Operating leases and rental payments. Of the $15.7 billion spent on noncapitalized operating leases and rental payments, computer and peripheral equipment accounted for $10.2 billion. ICT equipment excluding computers and peripherals accounted for $4.2 billion, a 4.0 percent decrease from 2010. Electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatus accounted for $1.3 billion.

Computer software expenditures. Of the $65.2 billion spent on noncapitalized computer software, $29.9 billion was for purchases and payroll for developing software, an increase of 7.3 percent from 2010. $35.3 billion was for software licensing and service/maintenance agreements, an increase of $3.9 billion (12.6 percent) from 2010. (See Summary Table B below, Table 1a[xls, 104KB] and 1b[xls, 104KB].)

Summary Table B. Noncapitalized Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total 100.2     92.6     8.2            
Purchases of ICT equipment 19.2     17.2     11.7            
    Computer and peripheral equipment 13.2     11.1     18.6            
    Information and communication technology equipment 5.7     5.8     -1.1 NS      
    Electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatuses 0.3     0.3     4.3 NS      
Operating leases and rental payments 15.7     16.1     -2.4 NS      
    Computer and peripheral equipment 10.2 10.3 -0.6 NS      
    Information and communication technology equipment 4.2     4.4     -4.0            
    Electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatuses 1.3     1.4     -10.5 NS      
Computer software expenditures 65.2     59.3     10.1            
    Purchases and payroll for developing software 29.9     27.9     7.3            
    Software licensing and service/maintenance aggreements 35.3     31.4     12.6            
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of the Sampling and Estimation Methodologies appendix for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.

Capitalized expenditures. Of total capitalized ICT spending in 2011 ($189.7 billion), purchases of ICT equipment accounted for $117.5 billion (61.9 percent). This is an increase of 11.1 percent from 2010. Capitalized purchases and payroll for developing software accounted for $72.2 billion (38.1 percent), an increase of 13.0 percent from 2010.

Purchases of ICT equipment. Of the $117.5 billion spent on capitalized ICT purchases, computer and peripheral equipment accounted for $57.2 billion, an increase of 7.4 percent from 2010. ICT equipment excluding computers and peripherals accounted for $55.0 billion, which is a 16.2 percent increase from 2010. Electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatus accounted for $5.3 billion.(See Summary Table C below, Table 1a[xls, 104KB] and 1b[xls, 104KB].)

Summary Table C. Capitalized Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total 189.7 169.6 11.8            
Purchases of ICT equipment 117.5     105.7     11.1            
    Computer and peripheral equipment 57.2     53.2     7.4            
    Information and communication technology equipment 55.0     47.3     16.2            
    Electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatuses 5.3     5.2     2.9 NS      
Computer Software Expenditures N/A     N/A     N/A            
    Purchases and payroll for developing software 72.2     63.9     13.0            
    Software licensing and service maintenance agreements N/A     N/A     N/A            
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of the Sampling and Estimation Methodologies appendix for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.

Selected sector highlights

Complete sector level data are provided in Summary Charts A, B, and C below and in the publication Tables 2a-4h.

summary chart A

Information

[PDF, 250KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Information 80.5  70.5  14.1
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 14.7  12.6  16.0
    Capitalized Expenditures 65.8  57.9  13.7
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Finance and insurance

[PDF, 223KB ]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Finance and Insurance 49.6  48.6  2.1 NS
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 22.8  22.1  3.4 NS
    Capitalized Expenditures 26.8  26.5  1.1 NS
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Manufacturing

[PDF, 694KB ]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Manufacturing 34.7  30.6  13.3
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 16.6  15.6  5.9
    Capitalized Expenditures 18.2  15.0  21.1
Durable Goods Industries 22.5  18.9  19.1
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 11.2  10.2  10.1
    Capitalized Expenditures 11.3  8.7  29.7
Nondurable Goods Industries 12.2  11.8  4.0
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 5.4  5.5  -2.1 NS
    Capitalized Expenditures 6.9  6.3  9.2
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Professional, scientific, and technical services

[PDF, 226KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 25.1  22.7  10.3
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 12.3  10.6  15.7
    Capitalized Expenditures 12.8  12.1  5.6 NS
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Health care and social assistance

[PDF, 229KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Health Care and Social Assistance 25.9  22.9  13.0
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 8.5 7.9 8.0 NS
    Capitalized Expenditures 17.4  15.1  15.6
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Retail trade

[PDF, 204KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Retail Trade 17.4  16.4  5.9 NS    
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 4.8  5.4  -10.4 NS    
    Capitalized Expenditures 12.5  11.0  13.9
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Wholesale Trade

[PDF, 173KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Wholesale Trade 10.6  8.9  18.7
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 3.2  2.9  10.4
    Capitalized Expenditures 7.4  6.0  22.6
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Administrative and support and waste management

[PDF, 209KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Administrative and Support and Waste Management 7.9  6.5  21.9
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 2.8  2.3  21.2
    Capitalized Expenditures 5.1  4.2  22.3
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Utilities

[PDF, 163KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Utilities 6.3  6.0  5.5
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 2.0  1.7  17.9
    Capitalized Expenditures 4.3  4.3  0.7 NS   
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Transportation and warehousing

[PDF, 253KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Transportation and Warehousing 5.5  4.9  12.3
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 2.0  1.8  10.8
    Capitalized Expenditures 3.5  3.1  13.1
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Educational Services

[PDF, 44.7KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Educational Services 4.8  4.4  8.2 NS
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 2.1  1.9  10.1 NS
    Capitalized Expenditures 2.7  2.5  6.7 NS
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.


Other services(except public administration)

[PDF, 194KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Other Services(Except Public Administration) 3.6  3.8  -5.2 NS
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 1.4  1.4  -1.1 NS
    Capitalized Expenditures 2.2  2.4  -7.6 NS
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Management of companies and enterprises

[PDF, 45.7]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Other Services(Except Public Administration) 3.7  3.4  9.1
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 1.1  1.1  -2.6 NS    
    Capitalized Expenditures 2.6  2.2  15.0
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.


Real estate and rental and leasing

[PDF, 198KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 2.8  3.0  -6.6 NS
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 1.2  1.2  -2.8 NS
    Capitalized Expenditures 1.5  1.7  -13.2            
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Accommodation Services

[PDF, 167KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Accommodation and Food Services 3.0  2.2  31.8
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 1.0  0.8  24.6 NS   
    Capitalized Expenditures 1.9  1.4  36.0
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Mining

[PDF, 184KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Mining 3.1  2.3  36.4
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 1.3  1.2  11.4
    Capitalized Expenditures 1.7  1.1  64.8
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Construction

[PDF, 170KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Construction 2.0  2.1  -2.0 NS
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 1.0  0.8  19.6
    Capitalized Expenditures 1.1  1.3  -15.5 NS
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Arts, entertainment, and recreation

[PDF, 181KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 1.8  1.5  17.2
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 0.7  0.5  34.9
    Capitalized Expenditures 1.1  1.0  8.7 NS   
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.
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Forestry, fishing, and agricultural services

[PDF, 44.4KB]

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Expenditures for ICT Equipment and Computer Software for Companies with Employees: 2011, and 2010 Revised
(Billions of current dollars)
ICT Equipment and Computer Software Expenditures 2011 2010 % Change
Total Forestry, Fishing, and Agricultural Services 0.2  0.2  3.9 NS
    Noncapitalized Expenditures 0.1  0.1  -13.6 NS        
    Capitalized Expenditures 0.1  0.1  14.9 NS
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 Information and Communication Technology Survey
Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
NS: Not Statistically Significant

See the "Reliability of the Estimates" Section of Sampling and Estimation Methodologies for information on sampling variability, confidence intervals and statistical significance.


Endnotes

1The revised total expenditures estimate for 2009 reflects an downward revision of $1.4 billion in noncapitalized expenditures to $88.3 billion and an upward revision of $2.7 billion in capitalized expenditures to $166.9 billion. The revisions reflect additional information and/or corrections submitted by respondents subsequent to the initial published estimates.

2 Estimated measures of sampling variability have been calculated for each estimate and are used to construct 90-percent confidence intervals (or ranges) for all estimates of change. If the estimated range of change contains zero (0), then it is uncertain whether there was an increase or a decrease; that is, the change is not statistically different from zero (0), and the current estimate is not statistically different from the prior estimate at the 90-percent confidence level. See the "Reliability of the Estimates" section of the Sampling and Estimation Methodologies appendix for more information on confidence intervals and statistical significance.


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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Information and Communication Technology | (301) 763-3324 |  Last Revised: March 28, 2013