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Economic Census of Island Areas

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Selected Definitions

Table Explanation of Terms

For an explanation of terms, please refer to the tables of the Economic Census of Island Areas in American FactFinder (AFF). Definitions can be found by clicking on the headers of each column. To view the entire definition in English and Spanish, click on "more."

 



Establishments


General Definition

An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted and/or services are provided. It is not necessarily identical to a company or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more.
Economic census figures represent a summary of reports for individual establishments rather than companies. For cases where a census report was received, separate information was obtained for each location where business was conducted. When administrative records of other federal agencies were used instead of a census report, no information was available on the number of locations operated. Each economic census establishment was tabulated according to the physical location at which the business was conducted. The count of establishments represents those in business at any time during 2012.
When two activities or more were carried on at a single location under a single ownership, all activities generally were grouped together as a single establishment. The entire establishment was classified on the basis of its major activity and all data for it were included in that classification. However, when distinct and separate economic activities (for which different industry classification codes were appropriate) were conducted at a single location under a single ownership, separate establishment reports for each of the different activities were obtained in the census.

Sector-Specific Information


Construction


Establishments are defined as a relatively permanent office or other place of business where the usual business activities related to construction are conducted. Establishments do not represent each project or construction site. It includes all establishments that were in business at any time during the year. It covers all full- and part-year operations. Construction establishments that were inactive or idle for the entire year were not included.


Manufacturing
Includes establishments (plants) primarily engaged in manufacturing, processing, and assembling component parts of products.


Retail Trade
Includes establishments primarily engaged in selling merchandise for personal or household consumption and in rendering services incidental to the sale of the goods. Leased departments are treated as separate establishments and are classified according to the kind of business they conduct. For example, a leased department selling shoes within a department store would be considered a separate retail establishment under the "shoe stores" classification. Similarly, a leased department selling gifts/souvenirs within a hotel would be considered a separate establishment under the "gift, novelty, and souvenir stores" classification.


Utilities; Transportation and Warehousing; Information; Finance and Insurance; Real Estate and Rental and Leasing; Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; Management of Companies and Enterprises and Remediation Services; Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; Educational Services; Health Care and Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation; Accommodation and Food Services; and Other Services (Except Public Administration) sectors.


Includes establishments primarily engaged in a wide variety of services to individuals, businesses, government establishments, and other organizations. Leased service departments (separately owned businesses operated as departments or concessions of other service establishments or of retail businesses, such as a separately owned shoeshine parlor in a barber shop, or beauty shop in a department store) are treated as separate service establishments for census purposes.


Wholesale Trade
Includes wholesale establishments selling merchandise at wholesale to retailers, industrial, institutional, and other nonhousehold consumers.

Legal Form of Organization


The 2012 Economic Census of Island Areas presents data for establishments by the following legal forms of organization:

  • Corporations — An incorporated business created by statute as a legal entity separate and distinct from its owners. (Presented for American Samoa (AS), the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam (GU), Puerto Rico (PR), and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI))
  • Locally-held corporations — Corporate entities organized under corporate laws of American Samoa and registered locally. These entities do not require a permit from the Governor of American Samoa to do business transactions. (Presented for AS only.)
  • Foreign-held corporations — Corporate entities that are organized under laws other than American Samoa's corporate laws. These entities require a business transaction permit from the Governor of American Samoa to do business in the territory. (Presented for AS only.)
  • Private non-profit corporations — Corporate entity whose shares are not traded on the open market. Profits are used to promote the goals of the corporation and not to benefit the shareholders financially. (Presented for PR only.)
  • Private for-profit corporations — Corporate entity whose shares are not traded on the open market. Shareholders benefit financially from the profit of the corporation. (Presented for PR only.)
  • Public corporations — Corporate entity whose shares are traded on the open market. Shareholders benefit financially from the profits of the corporation. (Presented for PR only.)
  • Type of corporate legal form of organization not reported — Include corporate entities that did not report a type of corporation. (Presented for AS and PR only.)
  • Individual proprietorships — An unincorporated business owned by an individual. (Presented for AS, GU, PR, and USVI only.)
  • Partnerships — An unincorporated business owned by two or more persons having a shared financial interest in the business. (Presented for AS, GU, PR, and USVI only.)
  • Cooperative associations — A legal entity where a group of individuals join together to conduct an economic activity of mutual benefit. Most cooperatives are controlled by its members in an egalitarian fashion. (Presented for PR only.)
  • Other legal forms of organization — Includes businesses that reported other legal forms of organization not listed above. (Presented for AS, CNMI, GU, PR, and USVI.)

Class of Customer

Represents the class of customer to whom the sales were made. The classes of customer presented for each island area vary and include:

American Samoa

  • Household consumers and individual users — Household and individual users buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Retailers — Establishments (including retail chain organizations, independent stores, or department stores) that buy to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.
  • Wholesalers — Establishments that buy to sell merchandise to other businesses from a warehouse or office.
  • Construction contractors — Contractors and builders who buy goods and services for use in construction rather than for resale.
  • Restaurants, food services, and nightclubs — Establishments that buy goods and services for food and drinking related businesses.
  • Hotels or other traveler accommodations — Establishments that buy goods and services for business use and provide short term accommodation.
  • Other services including banks, insurance, real estate, travel agencies, passenger transportation services, and truck and passenger car rental and leasing— Establishments that buy goods and services for financial, insurance, real estate related businesses; freight transportation and vehicles rental or leasing to firms or individuals; and other services establishments.
  • Apparel manufacturers — Establishments that buy goods and services for apparel production.
  • Fishing fleets — Establishments that buy goods and services for fishing activities.
  • Fish canning manufacturers — Establishments that buy goods and services for canning fish.
  • Other manufacturer establishments and quarries — Establishments that buy goods and services for production purposes other than apparel production.
  • Governmental bodies — Includes sales to the Federal government (including the military, post exchanges, Government Services Administration, Government Printing Office, and Similar Federal agencies) and to the local government buying goods and services for their own use.
  • All other classes of customers — Include other class of customers that are not specified in the categories above.

Guam

  • Household consumers (Excluding visiting tourists) — Households and individuals buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Retailers— Establishments (including retail chain organizations, independent stores, or department stores) that buy to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.
  • Wholesalers — Establishments that buy to sell merchandise to other businesses from a warehouse or office.
  • Visiting tourists — Individuals visiting the island buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Construction contractors — Contractors and builders who buy goods and services for use in construction rather than for resale.
  • Federal government — Includes sales to the Federal government (including the military, post exchanges, Government Services Administration, Government Printing Office, and Similar Federal agencies) buying goods and services for their own use.
  • Local government — Includes sales to the Local government buying goods and services for their own use.
  • All other classes of customers — Include other class of customers that are not specified in the categories above.

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

  • Household consumers and individual users — Households and individuals buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Retailers — Establishments (including retail chain organizations, independent stores, or department stores) that buy for resale to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.
  • Wholesalers — Establishments that buy to sell merchandise to other businesses from a warehouse or office.
  • Visiting tourists — Individuals visiting the island buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Construction contractors — Contractors and builders who buy goods and services for use in construction rather than for resale.
  • Farmers for farm use — Farmers buying goods and services for business use.
  • Restaurants, food services, and nightclubs — Establishments that buy goods and services for food and drinking related businesses.
  • Hotels and other traveler accommodations — Establishments that buy goods and services for business use and provide short term accommodations.
  • Travel agencies and other passenger transportation services — Establishments that buy goods and services for traveling and related transportation services.
  • Other service establishments including truck and passenger car rental and leasing — Establishments that buy goods and services for freight transportation and vehicles rental or leasing to firms or individuals.
  • Apparel manufacturers — Establishments that buy goods and services for apparel production.
  • Other manufacturer establishments and quarries — Establishments that buy goods and services for other production purposes than apparel production.
  • Banks, insurance, and real estate companies — Establishments that buy goods and services for financial and/or real estate related businesses.
  • Governmental bodies — Includes sales to the Federal government (including the military, post exchanges, Government Services Administration, Government Printing Office, and Similar Federal agencies) and to Commonwealth and local governments buying goods and services for their own use.
  • All other classes of customers— Include other class of customers that are not specified in the categories above.

Puerto Rico


Manufacturing:

  • Wholesaler — Establishments that buy to sell merchandise to other businesses from a warehouse or office.
  • Household consumers — Household and individuals buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Retailers — Establishments (including retail chain organizations, independent stores, or department stores) that buy for resale to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.
  • Construction firms — Contractors and builders who buy goods and services for use in construction rather than for resale.
  • Other manufacturer establishments — Establishments that buy goods and services for production purposes.
  • Commonwealth government — Includes sales to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico government.
  • All other classes of customers — Includes other class of customers that are not specified in the categories above.

Information on products shipped and contract receipts is presented at the 3-digit NAICS level and does not include receipts for nonmanufacturing activities, e.g., sale of scrap and refuse; other miscellaneous receipts, such as repair or renovation work; and the merchandising of products simply bought and resold. Therefore, the figure for value of shipments reported in this table will generally be less than in other tables where nonmanufacturing activities are included.

Retail:

  • Household consumers and individual users — Household and individual users buying merchandise for personal consumption.
  • Retailers— Establishments (including retail chain organizations, independent stores, or department stores) that buy for resale to sell merchandise to the general public.
  • Wholesalers — Establishments (including merchant wholesalers, agents, brokers, and commission merchants) that buy to sell merchandise to other businesses from a warehouse or office.
  • Manufacturing and mining industrial users for use as input goods in production — Establishments located in Puerto Rico that buy merchandise for production purposes.
  • Restaurants, hotels, food services, and contract feeding — Establishments (including caterers, contract feeders, and all eating and drinking establishments) that buy merchandise for food and drinking related businesses.
  • Governmental bodies — Includes sales to the federal government (including the military, post exchanges, General Services Administration (GSA), Government Printing Office (GPO), and similar federal agencies) and to Commonwealth and municipal governments buying merchandise for their own use.
  • All other classes of customers — Includes other class of customers that are not specified in the categories above.

Wholesale:

  • Household consumers and individual users — Household and individual users buying merchandise for personal consumption.
  • Retailers— Establishments (including retail chain organizations, independent stores, or department stores) that buy for resale to sell merchandise to the general public.
  • Wholesalers— Establishments (including merchant wholesalers, agents, brokers, and commission merchants) that buy to sell merchandise to other businesses from a warehouse or office.
  • Repair shops for use in repair work — Establishments buying merchandise for use in repair work.
  • Manufacturing and mining industrial users for use as input goods in production — Establishments located in Puerto Rico that buy merchandise for production purposes.
  • Restaurants, hotels, food services, and contract feeding — Establishments (including caterers, contract feeders, and all eating and drinking establishments) that buy merchandise for food and drinking related businesses.
  • Businesses for end use in their own operation, not for resale or production — Laboratories, institutions, public utilities, service businesses, and other such users buying merchandise for business use rather than for resale.
  • Building contractors, heavy construction, and special trade contractors — Contractors and builders who buy merchandise for use in construction rather than for resale.
  • Farmers for use in farm production — Farmers buying merchandise for use in agricultural production.
  • Federal government — Includes sales to the federal government (including the military, post exchanges, General Services Administration (GSA), Government Printing Office (GPO), and similar federal agencies) buying merchandise for their own use.
  • Commonwealth government — Includes sales to the Commonwealth government.
  • Municipal government — Includes sales to municipal governments.
  • All other classes of customers— Includes other class of customers that are not specified in the categories above.

U.S. Virgin Islands

  • Household consumers (Excluding visiting tourists.) — Household and individuals buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Retailers — Establishments (including retail chain organizations, independent stores, or department stores) that buy for resale to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.
  • Wholesalers — Establishments that buy to sell merchandise to other businesses from a warehouse or office.
  • Visiting tourists — Individuals visiting the island buying goods or services for personal consumption.
  • Hotels and other traveler accommodations — Establishments that buy goods and services for business use and provide short term accommodations.
  • Other tourist related businesses — Establishments that buy goods and services for use in tourist related businesses, excluding accommodation.
  • Other nontourist related businesses — Establishments that buy goods and services for use in nontourist related businesses, excluding the classes of customers listed above.
  • Federal government — Includes the federal government (including the military, post exchanges, Government Services Administration, Government Printing Office, and similar federal agencies), buying goods and services for their own use.
  • Local government — Includes local government agencies buying goods and services for their own use.
Ownership Status


Refers to the citizenship of the owner or owners of an establishment located in American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam. Businesses reported the majority ownership status categories (only one status) that applied. The categories presented for each island area vary, and include:

American Samoa

  • U.S Citizen
  • U.S. national
  • Chinese citizen
  • Samoan citizen
  • Filipino citizen
  • Korean citizen
  • Dual citizenship/other citizenship
  • Citizenship not known/not determinable
  • Citizenship not reported

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

  • U.S. citizen -CNMI born (Chamorro or Carolinian)
  • U.S. citizen -CNMI born (NOT Chamorro or Carolinian)
  • U.S. citizen - not CNMI born
  • Chinese citizen
  • Japanese citizen
  • Filipino citizen
  • Korean citizen
  • Dual citizenship/other citizenship
  • Citizenship not known/not determinable
  • Citizenship not reported

Guam

  • U.S. citizen - Guam born
  • U.S. citizen - other
  • Japanese citizen
  • Filipino citizen
  • Korean citizen
  • Dual citizenship/other citizenship
  • Citizenship not known/not determinable
  • Citizenship not reported

Sales, Receipts, Revenue, Shipments, or Business Done


Includes total sales, receipts or revenue received from merchandise sold and/or services rendered by establishments within the scope of the economic census, whether or not payment was received in 2012. For American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, the value of shipments and receipts for business done are included for the manufacturing and construction sectors, respectively. Figures may contain duplication, since products of some industries are used as materials for others and work (and receipts) of one firm may be subcontracted to other firms and included in the other firm's receipts. The definition of sales, receipts, or revenue is included in the information provided below.

Sector-Specific Information


42 Wholesale Trade

Sales include merchandise sold for cash and credit by establishments primarily engaged in wholesale trade; receipts for delivery, installation, maintenance, repair, alteration, storage, and other services; the gross selling value of goods that establishments sold or purchased on a commission, brokerage, consignment, or agency basis for others; the actual value of trade-ins taken as partial payment for other merchandise; receipts from rental or leasing of merchandise; gasoline, liquor, tobacco, and other excise taxes that are paid by the manufacturer and included in the cost of goods purchased; liquor and tobacco stamps, taxes, and licenses sold; and shipping and handling receipts.


Sales are net after deductions for refunds and allowances for merchandise returned by customers. Trade-in allowances are not deducted from sales. Sales exclude receipts from carrying and other credit charges; sales and other taxes collected from customers and forwarded to taxing authorities; nonoperating income from such sources as investments, rental or sale of real estate, and interest; commissions received for selling and buying goods; refunds or allowances for returned merchandise; and transfers (billings) to other establishments in the company.


Sales do not include wholesale sales made by manufacturers, retailers, service establishments, or other businesses whose primary activity is other than wholesale trade. They do include receipts other than from the sale of merchandise at wholesale, e.g., service receipts, retail sales, etc., by establishments primarily engaged in wholesale trade.


Sales figures include sales of all establishments in business at any time during the year. Sales shown for agents and brokers represented the value of the goods involved in the transactions rather than the commissions received or earnings.

44-45 Retail Trade


Sales include merchandise sold for cash and credit by establishments primarily engaged in retail trade; receipts for delivery, installation, maintenance, repair, alteration, storage, and other services; receipts from rental of vehicles, equipment, instruments, tools, and other merchandise; motor vehicle transportation charges, dealer preparation charges, and dealer installed options; fair sales value of motor vehicles marketed under leases; sales of motor vehicles formerly used for rental or leasing; the total value of service contracts; commissions received for the arrangement of financing and the sale of credit life insurance; amounts received from customers for layaway purchases; gasoline, liquor, tobacco, and other excise taxes that are paid by the manufacturer or wholesaler and passed on to the retailer; fees for processing money orders and cashing checks; and shipping and handling receipts.

Sales are net after deductions for refunds and allowances for merchandise returned by customers. Trade-in allowances are not deducted from sales.Sales exclude carrying and other credit charges; sales and other taxes collected from customers and forwarded to taxing authorities; gross sales and receipts of departments or concessions operated by other companies; commissions or receipts from the sale of government lottery tickets; nonoperating income from sources such as investments, rental or sale of real estate, and interest; receipts for tag and title fees, licenses, etc., forwarded to a licensing agency; and refunds or allowances for returned merchandise.

Sales do not include retail sales made by manufacturers, wholesalers, service establishments, or other businesses whose primary activity is other than retail trade. They do include receipts other than from the sale of merchandise at retail, e.g., service receipts, sales to industrial users, and sales to other retailers, by establishments primarily engaged in retail trade.

Selected Sectors (21, Mining; 22, Utilities; 48-49, Transportation and Warehousing; 51, Information; 52, Finance and Insurance; 53, Real Estate and Rental and Leasing, 54, Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; 55, Management of Companies and Enterprises, 56, Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; 61, Educational Services; 62, Health Care and Social Assistance; 71, Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation, 72, Accommodation and Food Services; and 81, Other Services (except Public Administration)


Includes gross receipts/revenue from services provided, from the use of facilities, and from merchandise sold. For advertising agencies, travel industries, and other service establishments operating on a commission basis, receipts include commissions, fees, and other operating income, NOT gross billings and sales. Also included are excise taxes on gasoline, liquor, tobacco, and other excise taxes that are paid by the manufacturer or wholesaler and passed on in the cost of goods purchased by the service establishment; sales to and receipts from foreign parent firms, subsidiaries, and branches; the establishment’s share of receipts from departments, concessions, and vending and amusement machines operated by other companies; the total value of service contracts and work subcontracted to others; dues and assessments from members and affiliates; consulting fees; gifts and grants; rental and leasing of vehicles, equipment, instruments, and tools; commissions and fees for arranging transportation of freight and cargo and for exchanging currencies, selling money orders, and cashing checks; revenue from interest, dividends, royalties, and net realized capital gains; net gains from the sale of real property for investment, rent, or lease; gross sales of buildings; gross rents from real property leased; advertising sales; and royalties received by independent artists, writers, and performers.


Receipts are net after deductions for refunds and allowances for merchandise returned by customers. Receipts do not include sales/revenue and other taxes collected directly from customers and paid directly to taxing authorities. Also excluded are gross receipts from departments and concessions operated by others; intracompany transfers; sales of used equipment previously rented or leased to customers; all cash or noncash subsidies from any commonwealth or federal tax agency; other nonoperating income; and service receipts of manufacturers, wholesalers, retail establishments, or other businesses whose primary activity is other than service. They do, however, include receipts other than from services rendered (e.g., sale of merchandise to individuals or other businesses) by establishments primarily engaged in performing services and classified in the service industries.

Product Lines for Wholesale and Retail Trades

This table presents sales data for product lines. An individual establishment is the unit assigned to a single kind-of-business classification for which data are summarized in most wholesale and retail census tabulations. Prior to their recompilation by product-line category, kind of business statistics do not provide the product-line composition of wholesale and retail sales. To meet expanded needs, sales by product lines are collected in the census and are presented in this report in terms of product-line groupings.


In planning product-line inquiries for the 2012 Economic Census of Puerto Rico, the Census Bureau consulted extensively with local government and trade associations for advice on the information to be provided by the census, and on reportability, which was the major limiting factor. One hundred and twenty-one product lines for wholesale trade and fifty-six product lines for retail trade were devised to account for all the sales and receipts of wholesale and retail establishments, regardless of kind-of-business classification.

Limitations in reporting sales by product lines

Even with a limited breakdown of 121 and 56 major lines for wholesale and retail trades, respectively, there may be a tendency on the part of respondents to fail to identify minor lines for a particular business. This has the effect of understating the number of establishments for individual product lines, and to a lesser extent, it affects the measurement of the volume of sales of individual lines.


Product-line categories by which individual wholesalers and retailers group their sales are not uniform and will not always correspond to categories established in a reporting system designed for general use. In addition, because some wholesalers and retailers may have had little if any recorded information on sales by line of product, a substantial amount of estimation may be involved in the reporting of product lines. Furthermore, there is, of course, no assurance that the pattern for the establishments reporting sales by product lines is representative of those which did not report. Figures for product-line sales should constitute useful approximations to serve many important current requirements and should be helpful in measuring important changes occurring over long intervals, such as between successive censuses.


A related problem for large wholesale or retail firms may be the absence of product-line records on an individual establishment basis. Some firms may have information available only for a group of establishments within a warehouse district or some other grouping used by the firm. In such cases it was necessary for the firm to estimate sales for individual establishments by using the pattern of sales shown by the entire group of establishments.

Description of the tables

In addition to a coverage indicator, this table provides data for each kind of business and for each product-line report:

  • The number of establishments and total sales of establishments handling the specified line;
  • Sales of specified line;
  • The percentage of total sales of the specific kind of business accounted for by each of the lines carried;
  • The degree of specialization in that line. Specialization is derived by computing sales of a line as a percentage of total sales of establishments that handled that particular line.

This table provides summary data by product line for wholesale and retail trades, respectively, including counts of establishments handling the line and total sales of the line. Provided within each product line are counts of establishments carrying the line and the amount and percent of the line sold by various kinds of businesses.


To avoid disclosure, data for product lines and kinds of businesses may not add to the total because some product lines and kinds of businesses are not shown.

 

Geographic Hierarchy

The level of geographic detail covered varies by island. Refer to (link from business.census.gov forthcoming) for a detailed list of the geographies. The geographic structure for each island and sector, where applicable, is presented below.


American Samoa
  • State-equivalent (American Samoa)
  • County-equivalent (District)
  • Place-equivalent (County)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
  • State-equivalent (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands)
  • County-equivalent (Municipality)
Guam
  • State-equivalent (Guam)
  • County-equivalent (Election District)
Puerto Rico
  • Geographic Area Statistics
    • State-equivalent (Puerto Rico)
    • Planning Region (replaces the Commercial Region, used in 2007 and previous censuses)
  • Construction and Manufacturing
    • State-equivalent (Puerto Rico)
    • Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
    • Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
    • Micropolitan Area
    • County-equivalent (Municipio)
U.S. Virgin Islands
  • State-equivalent (U.S. Virgin Islands)
  • County-equivalent (Island)
  • Place-equivalent (Town)

 



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Source: U.S. Census Bureau  |   Economic Census of Island Areas   |   (301) 763-3314 or Email  |  Last Revised: Thursday, 20-Mar-2014 13:39:33 EDT