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2012 NAICS: 31-33 - Manufacturing




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Guide to All Census Bureau Data Sources for This Industry


Source & Description   Frequency Latest Data Geography Industry
Plant Capacity Utilization (CAPACITY)Quarterly4Q 2013U.S.Selected Manufacturing 2- thru 6-digits
Quarterly Financial Report (QFR)Quarterly1Q 2014U.S.Selected 3 digits
Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)Quarterly4Q 2013States, counties, metro areasSelected 2- thru 4-digits
American Community Survey (ACS)Annual2012U.S, states, counties, places, metros, tractsSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Annual Capital Expenditures Survey (ACES)Annual2012U.S.Selected 2- thru 6-digits
Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM)Annual2011U.S., statesSelected Manufacturing 2- thru 6-digits
Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS)Annual2011U.S., statesSelected 2-digits
Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS)AnnualU.S.Selected 2- thru 4-digits
County Business Patterns (CBP)Annual2012U.S., states, counties, metros, ZIP Codes, and island areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Exports from Manufacturing Establishments (MFGEXP)Annual2011U.S.Selected Manufacturing 2- and 3-digits
Information and Communication Technology Survey (ICT)Annual2011U.S.2-digits
Nonemployer Statistics (NES)Annual2012U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Profile of U.S. Importing and Exporting Companies (Exporter)Annual2011U.S., statesManufacturing and Wholesale Trade totals only
Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB)Annual2011U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Commodity Flow Survey (CFS)Every 5 years2012U.S., states. metro areasSelected 2- thru 4-digits
Economic Census (ECN)Every 5 years2012U.S., states, counties, places, metros, ZIP Codes2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census of Island Areas (IA)Every 5 years2012American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands2-thru 5 digits
Survey of Business Owners (SBO)Every 5 years2007U.S., states, counties, cities, metro areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS)Irregular2010U.S.Selected Manufacturing 2- thru 6-digits

Links to Economic Data for Programs Published on AFF


Program Series Table Title Data Years Available
Annual Survey of ManufacturesGeneral Statistics Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries 2011 2010 2009 2008
Geographic Area Statistics Statistics for All Manufacturing by State 2011 2010 2009 2008
Supplemental Statistics for the U.S. and States 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business PatternsGeographic Area Series County Business Patterns 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class for PR and the Island Areas 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns by Legal Form of Organization 2011 2010 2009 2008
County Business Patterns for PR and the Island Areas 2011 2010 2009 2008
ZIP Code Business Statistics ZIP Code Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2011 2010 2009 2008
Commodity Flow SurveyCFS Advance Report Shipment Characteristics by Industry 2007
Exports Series Shipment Characteristics by NAICS 2007
Geographic Area Series Shipment Characteristics by Destination Geography by NAICS by Mode 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by Destination Geography by NAICS by Mode 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Commodity 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Distance Shipped 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode by Commodity for the U.S. 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode by Distance Shipped for the U.S. 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode by Shipment Weight for the U.S. 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Shipment Weight 2007
Hazardous Materials Series HazMat Shipment Characteristics by NAICS by Mode for the U.S. 2007
HazMat Shipment Characteristics by NAICS for the U.S. 2007
Economic CensusAdvance Report Advance Comparative Statistics for the US2012 2007
Advance Summary Statistics for the US2012 2007
Comparative Statistics, 2007 and 2002 Comparative Statistics for the U.S. and States (2002 NAICS Basis) 2007
Geographic Area Series Detailed Statistics for States 2007 2002
Economy-Wide Key Statistics for Employers and Nonemployers2012 2007 2002
Industry Statistics for States, MSAs, Counties, Places 2007 2002
Location of Manufacturing Establishments by Employment Size 2007
Subject Series: Concentration Ratios Share for the 50, 100, 150, 200 Largest Companies by Value Added 2007 2002
Summary Series: General Summary Industry Statistics for the U.S. 2007 2002
Economic Census of Island AreasGeographic Area Series General Statistics by Kind of Business and Citizenship Status of Ownership2012 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Ethnicity Status of Ownership 2007
General Statistics by Kind of Business and Gender Status of Ownership2012 2007
Industry Series Capital Expenditures and Rental Payments for Plant and Equipment by Industry 2007
Comparative Statistics by Industry 2007
Cost of Materials by Industry 2007
E-Commerce Statistics 2007
General Statistics by Industry 2007
Inventories by Stage of Fabrication by Industry 2007
Number of Production Workers and Hours Worked by Industry 2007
Selected Statistics by Employment Size 2007
Selected Statistics by Industry and Legal Form of Organization 2007
Selected Statistics by Industry, Employment Size, and Legal Form of Organization 2007
Share of Value of Shipments by Indusry Accounted for by the 4, 8, 20, and 50 Largest Establishments 2007
Value of Products Shipped and Contract Receipts by Industry and Country of Destination 2007
Value of Products Shipped by Industry and Class of Customer 2007
Value of Shipments by Industry 2007
Nonemployer StatisticsGeographic Area Series Nonemployer Statistics by Receipt Size Class 2011 2010 2009
Nonemployer Statistics Nonemployer Statistics for the US, States, Counties, Metro Areas 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Nonemployers by Legal Form of Organization for the US and States 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Survey of Business OwnersSurvey of Business Owners Firms by Ethnicity, Employment Size of Firm for U.S. and States 2007
Firms by Ethnicity, Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States 2007
Firms by Gender, Ethnicity, Race for US, States, Counties, Pl, MA 2007

NAICS search results



Definition


The Manufacturing sector comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products. The assembling of component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing, except in cases where the activity is appropriately classified in Sector 23, Construction.

Establishments in the Manufacturing sector are often described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, establishments that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors, may also be included in this sector. Manufacturing establishments may process materials or may contract with other establishments to process their materials for them. Both types of establishments are included in manufacturing.

The materials, substances, or components transformed by manufacturing establishments are raw materials that are products of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, or quarrying as well as products of other manufacturing establishments. The materials used may be purchased directly from producers, obtained through customary trade channels, or secured without recourse to the market by transferring the product from one establishment to another, under the same ownership.

The new product of a manufacturing establishment may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semifinished to become an input for an establishment engaged in further manufacturing. For example, the product of the alumina refinery is the input used in the primary production of aluminum; primary aluminum is the input to an aluminum wire drawing plant; and aluminum wire is the input for a fabricated wire product manufacturing establishment.

The subsectors in the Manufacturing sector generally reflect distinct production processes related to material inputs, production equipment, and employee skills. In the machinery area, where assembling is a key activity, parts and accessories for manufactured products are classified in the industry of the finished manufactured item when they are made for separate sale. For example, a replacement refrigerator door would be classified with refrigerators and an attachment for a piece of metal working machinery would be classified with metal working machinery. However, components, input from other manufacturing establishments, are classified based on the production function of the component manufacturer. For example, electronic components are classified in Subsector 334, Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing and stampings are classified in Subsector 332, Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing.

Manufacturing establishments often perform one or more activities that are classified outside the Manufacturing sector of NAICS. For instance, almost all manufacturing has some captive research and development or administrative operations, such as accounting, payroll, or management. These captive services are treated the same as captive manufacturing activities. When the services are provided by separate establishments, they are classified to the NAICS sector where such services are primary, not in manufacturing.

The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry. The establishments in the manufacturing sector are engaged in the transformation of materials into new products. Their output is a new product. However, the definition of what constitutes a new product can be somewhat subjective. As clarification, the following activities are considered manufacturing in NAICS:

Milk bottling and pasteurizing; Water bottling and processing; Fresh fish packaging (oyster shucking, fish filleting); Apparel jobbing (assigning of materials to contract factories or shops for fabrication or other contract operations) as well as contracting on materials owned by others; Printing and related activities; Rebuilding or remanufacturing machinery (i.e., automotive parts); Ready-mixed concrete production; Leather converting; Grinding of lenses to prescription; Wood preserving; Electroplating, plating, metal heat treating, and polishing for the trade; Lapidary work for the trade; Fabricating signs and advertising displays; Ship repair and renovation; Machine shops; and Tire retreading.

Conversely, there are activities that are sometimes considered manufacturing, but which for NAICS are classified in another sector (i.e., not classified as manufacturing). They include:

  1. Logging, classified in Sector 11, Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting, is considered a harvesting operation;
  2. The beneficiating of ores and other minerals, classified in Sector 21, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction, is considered part of the activity of mining;
  3. The construction of structures and fabricating operations performed at the site of construction by contractors, is classified in Sector 23, Construction;
  4. Establishments engaged in breaking of bulk and redistribution in smaller lots, including packaging, repackaging, or bottling products, such as liquors or chemicals; the customized assembly of computers; sorting of scrap; mixing paints to customer order; and cutting metals to customer order, classified in Sector 42, Wholesale Trade or Sector 44-45, Retail Trade, produce a modified version of the same product, not a new product; and
  5. Publishing and the combined activity of publishing and printing, classified in Sector 51, Information, perform the transformation of information into a product whereas the value of the product to the consumer lies in the information content, not in the format in which it is distributed (i.e., the book or software diskette).

Comparability


This 2012 NAICS code is comparable to the 2007, 2002 and 1997 NAICS codes.