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2012 NAICS: 42 - Wholesale trade




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Guide to All Census Bureau Data Sources for This Industry


Source & Description   Frequency Latest Data Geography Industry
Monthly Wholesale Trade (MWTS)MonthlyOct 2014U.S.Selected 2 thru 5 digits
Quarterly Financial Report (QFR)Quarterly3Q 2014U.S.Selected 3 digits
Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)Quarterly4Q 2013States, counties, metro areasSelected 2- thru 4-digits
American Community Survey (ACS)Annual2012U.S, states, counties, places, metros, tractsSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Annual Capital Expenditures Survey (ACES)Annual2012U.S.Selected 2- thru 6-digits
Annual Wholesale Trade Survey (AWTS)Annual2012U.S.Selected Wholesale Trade 2- thru 5-digits
Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS)Annual2011U.S., statesSelected 2-digits
County Business Patterns (BP)Annual2012U.S., states, counties, metros, ZIP Codes, and island areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Information and Communication Technology Survey (ICT)Annual2011U.S.2-digits
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)Annual2011U.S.Selected 2-digits
Nonemployer Statistics (NES)Annual2012U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Profile of U.S. Importing and Exporting Companies (Exporter)Annual2011U.S., statesManufacturing and Wholesale Trade totals only
Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB)Annual2011U.S., states, metro areas, countiesSelected 2- thru 6-digits
Business Expenses (BES)Every 5 years2007U.S.Selected 2- thru 5-digits
Commodity Flow Survey (CFS)Every 5 years2012U.S., states. metro areasSelected 2- thru 4-digits
Economic Census (ECN)Every 5 years2012U.S., states, counties, places, metros, ZIP Codes2- thru 6-digits
Economic Census of Island Areas (IA)Every 5 years2012American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands2-thru 5 digits
Survey of Business Owners (SBO)Every 5 years2007U.S., states, counties, cities, metro areasSelected 2- thru 6-digits

Links to Economic Data for Programs Published on AFF


Program Series Table Title Data Years Available
County Business PatternsGeographic Area Series Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns 2012
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Legal Form of Organization 2012
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2012
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns for Puerto Rico and the Island Areas 2012
Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns by Employment Size Class for Puerto Rico and the Island Areas 2012
ZIP Code Business Statistics ZIP Code Business Statistics: Zip Code Business Patterns by Employment Size Class 2012
Commodity Flow Survey CFS Advance Report Shipment Characteristics by Industry 2007
Exports Series Shipment Characteristics by NAICS 2007
Geographic Area Series Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Distance Shipped 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Shipment Weight 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Commodity 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode by Distance Shipped for the U.S. 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode by Shipment Weight for the U.S. 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by NAICS by Mode by Commodity for the U.S. 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Origination Geography by Destination Geography by NAICS by Mode 2007
Shipment Characteristics by Destination Geography by NAICS by Mode 2007
Hazardous Materials Series HazMat Shipment Characteristics by NAICS for the U.S. 2007
HazMat Shipment Characteristics by NAICS by Mode for the U.S. 2007
Economic Census Advance Report All sectors: Core Business Statistics Series: Advance Summary Statistics for the U.S. (2012 NAICS Basis): 2012 2012 2007
Advance Comparative Statistics for the US 2007
Comparative Statistics, 2007 and 2002 Comparative Statistics for the U.S. and States (2002 NAICS Basis) 2007
Geographic Area Series All sectors: Geographic Area Series: Economy-Wide Key Statistics: 2012 2012 2007 2002
Summary Statistics for ... States, Metro Areas, Counties, Places 2007 2002
Comparative Statistics for the United States (2002 NAICS Basis): 2007
Subject Series: Establishment and Firm Size Sales Size of Establishments for the U.S. 2007 2002
Employment Size of Establishments for the U.S. 2007 2002
Single Units and Multiunit Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Sales Size of Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Employment Size of Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Concentration of Largest Firms for the U.S. 2007 2002
Legal Form of Organization for the U.S. 2007 2002
Subject Series: Miscellaneous Subjects Sales by Class of Customer for the U.S. 2007 2002
Employment by Primary Function for the U.S. 2007 2002
End-of-Year Inventories for the U.S. 2007 2002
Detailed Type of Operation for the U.S. 2007 2002
Gross Margin and its Components for Merchant Wholesalers for the U.S. 2007 2002
Gross Profit and its Components for Merchant Wholesalers for the U.S. 2007 2002
Subject Series: Product Lines Product Lines by Kind of Business for the U.S. and States 2007 2002
Economic Census of Island Areas Geographic Area Series Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Comparative Statistics by Kind of Business for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Gua 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, P 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Legal Form of Organization for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the No 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Sales/Receipts/Revenue/Shipments Size of Establishments for American 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Employment Size of Establishments for American Samoa, Commonwealth of 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Gender Status of Ownership for Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana I 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Citizenship Status of Ownership for American Samoa, Commonwealth of t 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: General Statistics by Kind of Business and Ethnicity Status of Ownership for U.S. Virgin Islands: 2012 2012 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Sales by Kind of Business and Class of Customer for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Island 2012 2007
E-Commerce Statistics 2007
Island Areas: Geographic Area Series: Capital Expenditures and Depreciation Charges for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 2012 2007
Wholesale Trade Kind of Business and Inventory Storage Space 2007
Selected Expenses and Rental Payments by Kind of Business 2007
Nonemployer Statistics Nonemployer Statistics Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics by Legal Form of Organization: 2012 2012 2007
Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics for the US, States, Metropolitan Areas, and Counties: 2012 2012 2007
Geographic Area Series: Nonemployer Statistics by Receipt Size Class: 2012 2012
Survey of Business Owners Survey of Business Owners Firms by Gender, Ethnicity, Race for US, States, Counties, Pl, MA 2007
Firms by Ethnicity, Receipts Size of Firm for the U.S. and States 2007
Firms by Ethnicity, Employment Size of Firm for U.S. and States 2007

NAICS search results



Definition


The Wholesale Trade sector comprises establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise. The merchandise described in this sector includes the outputs of agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and certain information industries, such as publishing.

The wholesaling process is an intermediate step in the distribution of merchandise. Wholesalers are organized to sell or arrange the purchase or sale of (a) goods for resale (i.e., goods sold to other wholesalers or retailers), (b) capital or durable nonconsumer goods, and (c) raw and intermediate materials and supplies used in production.

Wholesalers sell merchandise to other businesses and normally operate from a warehouse or office. These warehouses and offices are characterized by having little or no display of merchandise. In addition, neither the design nor the location of the premises is intended to solicit walk-in traffic. Wholesalers do not normally use advertising directed to the general public. Customers are generally reached initially via telephone, in-person marketing, or by specialized advertising that may include Internet and other electronic means. Follow-up orders are either vendor-initiated or client-initiated, generally based on previous sales, and typically exhibit strong ties between sellers and buyers. In fact, transactions are often conducted between wholesalers and clients that have long-standing business relationships.

This sector comprises two main types of wholesalers: merchant wholesalers that sell goods on their own account and business-to-business electronic markets, agents, and brokers that arrange sales and purchases for others generally for a commission or fee.

(1) Establishments that sell goods on their own account are known as wholesale merchants, distributors, jobbers, drop shippers, and import/export merchants. Also included as wholesale merchants are sales offices and sales branches (but not retail stores) maintained by manufacturing, refining, or mining enterprises apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their products. Merchant wholesale establishments typically maintain their own warehouse, where they receive and handle goods for their customers. Goods are generally sold without transformation, but may include integral functions, such as sorting, packaging, labeling, and other marketing services.

(2) Establishments arranging for the purchase or sale of goods owned by others or purchasing goods, generally on a commission basis are known as business-to-business electronic markets, agents and brokers, commission merchants, import/export agents and brokers, auction companies, and manufacturers' representatives. These establishments operate from offices and generally do not own or handle the goods they sell.

Some wholesale establishments may be connected with a single manufacturer and promote and sell the particular manufacturers' products to a wide range of other wholesalers or retailers. Other wholesalers may be connected to a retail chain, or limited number of retail chains, and only provide a variety of products needed by that particular retail operation(s). These wholesalers may obtain the products from a wide range of manufacturers. Still other wholesalers may not take title to the goods, but act as agents and brokers for a commission.

Although, in general, wholesaling normally denotes sales in large volumes, durable nonconsumer goods may be sold in single units. Sales of capital or durable nonconsumer goods used in the production of goods and services, such as farm machinery, medium and heavy duty trucks, and industrial machinery, are always included in wholesale trade.

Comparability


This 2012 NAICS code is comparable to the 2007, 2002 and 1997 NAICS codes.