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Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population estimates and projections.
This section provides information on a range of educational topics, from educational attainment and school enrollment to school districts, costs and financing.
We measure the state of the nations workforce, including employment and unemployment levels, weeks and hours worked, occupations, and commuting.
Our statistics highlight trends in household and family composition, describe characteristics of the residents of housing units, and show how they are related.
Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
We measure the housing and construction industry, track homeownership rates, and produce statistics on the physical and financial characteristics of our homes.
The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the Federal, state and local governments as well as voting, redistricting, apportionment and congressional affairs.
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Geography provides the framework for Census Bureau survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
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The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
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Metropolitan and micropolitan areas are geographic entities used by Federal statistical agencies in collecting, tabulating, and publishing Federal statistics.
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Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
We conduct research on geographic topics such as how to define geographic areas and how geography changes over time.
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The Census Bureau packages data and information into easy-to-understand visuals.
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Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
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Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Learn how we serve the public as the most reliable source of data about the nation's people and economy.
How we provide the best mix of timeliness, relevancy, quality, and cost for the data we collect.
Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
Our surveys provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decisionmaking.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
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The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
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To identify and classify businesses to update the samples for current business surveys and to assist in ensuring the proper five-year Economic Census form is mailed to those businesses. The United States Code, Title 13 and 26, authorize this survey and provides for mandatory responses.
Firms or establishments with Employer Identification Numbers (EINs) that are newly assigned or recently reactivated by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
Data collected include sales, receipts or revenue; primary merchandise, product, or service lines; percent of total receipts for each primary line; company organization; North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) code; wholesale inventories; and other industry related data.
Data has been collected quarterly since 1976. This survey began as a monthly data collection in 1968. A new sample is selected each quarter. Selected firms are contacted once and report 2 months of data.
A two-phase survey and sampling process; a mail-out/mail-back survey of sampled EINs, followed by a selection procedure using the mail survey data. From a list of new or reactivated EINs updated frequently with data from the IRS, each quarter a first phase sample of approximately 14,000 numbers is selected using a stratified sample procedure. Strata are based on NAICS code and quarterly payroll. Selected EINs receive a form that requests two months of sales or receipts data and establishment and company structure information to ensure proper NAICS classification at the 5- or 6-digit level. Sales data are used as a measure of size for second phase sampling.
Based on the collected data, EINs eligible for inclusion into a current business survey are subjected to a second phase sampling. Probability of selection within strata is proportional to first phase weight. Following the second phase sampling, the selected EINs are added to appropriate current business and service industry survey registers.
The information collected allows us to update our industry codes for these establishments. This allows our current surveys to be updated with a sample of new businesses entering the business sector. Additionally, businesses will be mailed five-year Economic Census forms specifically tailored to their industry based on the classification information collected using this survey.