The Economic Censusís main goal is to provide periodic comprehensive data on the Virgin Islandsí economic activity and structure. The United States Code, Title 13, authorizes this census and makes responding mandatory. The Government of the U.S Virgin Islands assists with the census..
The census covers the following sectors as defined North American Industry Classification System (NAICS):
42- Wholesale Trade
44-45 Retail Trade
48-49 Transportation and Warehousing
52 Finance and Insurance
53 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
54 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
55 Management of Companies and Enterprises
56 Administrative and Support, Waste management and Remediation services
61 Educational Services
62 Health Care and Social Assistance
71 Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
72 Accommodation and Food Services
81 Other Services (except Public Administration)
This scope is equivalent to that of the stateside economic census. The 2002 Economic Census was the first census conducted based on NAICS; prior censuses used the standard industrial classification system.
Census forms are mailed to all establishments within the scope of the census that have annual payroll.
All establishments are required to provide data on total sales, receipts or revenue, kind of business, legal form of organization, employment, annual and first quarter payroll, and class of customer. Hotels, and other lodging places report additional data on sources of receipts and number of accommodations. Data are presented at the 3 to 5 digit NAICS level of detail depending on disclosure protection requirements. Data are also provided at the total island and town levels of geography.
For 2007, the Census Bureau has added questions at the request of the U.S. Virgin Islands Government, which are to aid in the production of the GDP estimates.
Every 5 years, currently for years ending in 2 and 7. Censuses of manufactures, retail trade, wholesale trade, and some service industries began in 1958. The census of construction began in 1972. Reported data are for activity taking place throughout the census year.
The census is conducted using the mailout/mail-back methodology. A Memorandum of Agreement between the Census Bureau and the U.S. Virgin Islands Government outlines the conditions under which the census is conducted. The U.S. Virgin Islands Government provides input to the census content and helps with publicity.
Census products summarize U.S Virgin Islands' data by kind of business for the combined St. Thomas and St. John island totals, St. Croix Island totals, and totals by town. Tabulations also summarize basic information by sales size category, by employment size category and industry composition by legal form of organization. All of these tabulations are available through American Fact Finder.
The Department of Interior uses data to assess economic policy on the U.S Virgin Islands. The Federal Emergency Management Agency uses data to help in assessment of damages due to natural disasters.
The U.S Virgin Islands Government uses census data to benchmark and weight indexes of industrial production and productivity. Local governments use census data to assess business activities within their jurisdiction and to estimate the size and composition of economic sectors. The private sector uses the data to forecast general economic conditions.
The Economic Census provides the only comprehensive source of consistent and comparable economic data for the U.S Virgin Islands.
Economic Census of American Samoa
Economic Census of Guam
Economic Census of the Northern Mariana Islands
Economic Census of Puerto Rico