Introducing a new way to navigate by topics. Access the latest news, data, publications and more around topics of interest.
Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population estimates and projections.
This section provides information on a range of educational topics, from educational attainment and school enrollment to school districts, costs and financing.
We measure the state of the nations workforce, including employment and unemployment levels, weeks and hours worked, occupations, and commuting.
Our statistics highlight trends in household and family composition, describe characteristics of the residents of housing units, and show how they are related.
Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
We measure the housing and construction industry, track homeownership rates, and produce statistics on the physical and financial characteristics of our homes.
The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the Federal, state and local governments as well as voting, redistricting, apportionment and congressional affairs.
Search an alphabetical index of keywords and phrases to access Census Bureau statistics, publications, products, services, data, and data tools.
Geography provides the framework for Census Bureau survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Find resources on how to use geographic data and products with statistical data, educational blog postings, and presentations.
The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Find geographic data and products such as Shapefiles, KMLs, TIGERweb, boundary files, geographic relationship files, and reference and thematic maps.
Metropolitan and micropolitan areas are geographic entities used by Federal statistical agencies in collecting, tabulating, and publishing Federal statistics.
Find information about specific partnership programs and learn more about our partnerships with other organizations.
Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
We conduct research on geographic topics such as how to define geographic areas and how geography changes over time.
Visit our library of Census Bureau multimedia files. Collection formats include audio, video, mobile apps, images, and publications.
Collection of audio features and sound bites.
The Census Bureau packages data and information into easy-to-understand visuals.
Browse Census Bureau images.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Access data through products and tools including data visualizations, mobile apps, interactive web apps and other software.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Learn more about our data from this collection of e-tutorials, presentations, webinars and other training materials. Sign up for training sessions.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Learn how we serve the public as the most reliable source of data about the nation's people and economy.
How we provide the best mix of timeliness, relevancy, quality, and cost for the data we collect.
Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
Our surveys provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decisionmaking.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the Census Bureau.
Explore Census programs targeted for particular needs.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Listen to audio files on fun facts, historical figures, and celebrations of the month.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
EMBARGOED UNTIL: 12:01 A.M. EST, MARCH 22, 2001 (THURSDAY)Public Information Office CB01-54 301-457-3030/301-457-3670 (fax) 301-457-1037 (TDD) e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Eddie Salyers Valerie Strang 301-457-3316
More Than 800,000 U.S. Businesses Owned by African Americans;
New York, California, Texas Lead States, Census Bureau Reports
African American-owned businesses in the United States totaled 823,500, employed 718,300 people and generated $71.2 billion in revenues in 1997, according to a report released today by the Commerce Department's Census Bureau.
Businesses owned by African Americans made up 4 percent of the 20.8 million nonfarm businesses in the nation and 0.4 percent of the $18.6 trillion in receipts for all businesses.
The vast majority of African American-owned firms, 90 percent or 737,100, were sole proprietorships -- unincorporated businesses owned by individuals. C corporations (all legally incorporated businesses except for Subchapter S corporations, whose shareholders elect to be taxed as individuals rather than as corporations) numbered 42,700. But C corporations ranked first in receipts among all African American-owned firms, reporting $28.5 billion. The 1997 Survey of Minority-Owned Business Enterprises was the first to include C corporations, from which the current tabulations are derived.
Four states, New York (86,500), California (79,100), Texas (60,400) and Florida (59,700) accounted for 35 percent of the firms owned by African Americans. Three out of 10 African Americans reside in these four states.
States With Largest Number of African American-Owned Firms: 1997 Geographic Area African American-owned firms Percent of total African American-
owned firms in U.S.
U.S. Total 823,500 New York 86,500 10.5 California 79,100 9.6 Texas 60,400 7.3 Florida 59,700 7.2 Georgia 55,800 6.8 Maryland 47,600 5.8 Illinois 41,200 5.0 North Carolina 39,900 4.8 Virginia 33,500 4.1 Ohio 27,000 3.3
While New York had the largest number of African American-owned businesses, the District of Columbia had the highest percentage, with 24 percent of its firms being African American-owned but only 2.5 percent of its overall business receipts coming from African American-owned firms.
Maryland ranked second, with 12 percent of the state's firms owned by African Americans. They accounted for 1.4 percent of Maryland's receipts. Mississippi was third, with 11 percent of its firms African American-owned and 0.7 percent of its receipts from African American-owned firms; and Georgia was fourth, with 10 percent of its firms owned by African Americans and 0.7 percent of its receipts generated by African American businesses.
States With the Largest Percentage of African American-Owned Firms: 1997 State African American-
All firms African American-owned firms
as a percent of all firms
U.S. Total 823,500 20,821,900 4.0 District of Columbia 10,900 45,300 24.1 Maryland 47,600 400,200 11.9 Mississippi 17,600 167,900 10.5 Georgia 55,800 568,600 9.8 South Carolina 23,200 260,300 8.9 Louisiana 25,800 295,700 8.7 Virginia 33,500 480,100 7.0 North Carolina 39,900 570,500 7.0 Alabama 19,100 285,200 6.7 New York 86,500 1,509,800 5.7
About one-half (49 percent), or 403,800, of African American-owned businesses had receipts of under $10,000; 23 percent, or 188,800, had receipts of between $10,000 and $25,000; and about 1 percent, or 8,700, had sales of $1 million or more. African American-owned firms averaged $86,500 in receipts compared with $410,600 for all U.S. firms (excluding publicly held corporations and firms whose owners' race or ethnicity were indeterminate, e.g., mutual companies whose ownership is shared by its members).
The survey data also show that 11 percent, or 93,200, of African American-owned firms had paid employees. These accounted for 79 percent ($56.4 billion) of the gross receipts of African American-owned businesses. There were 900 firms with 100 or more employees and total receipts of $12.3 billion.
More than half of African American-owned firms were in the service industry and accounted for 36 percent of the gross receipts of African American-owned businesses. Retail trade firms, on the other hand, accounted for 11 percent of total African American-owned firms but 19 percent of their gross receipts.
The number of African American-owned firms, excluding C corporations for which prior comparable data are not available, increased 26 percent from 1992 to 1997, compared with a 7 percent increase in this category for all U.S. firms.
Receipts of African American-owned firms rose 33 percent, from $32 billion in 1992 to $43 billion in 1997, compared with a 40 percent increase for all U.S. firms over the same period.
The data in the report were collected as part of the 1997 Economic Census from a large sample of nonfarm businesses filing tax forms as sole proprietorships, partnerships or any type of corporation with receipts of $1,000 or more in 1997.
The report, 1997 Survey of Minority-Owned Business Enterprises: Black, presents data for African American-owned businesses by size, type of business and geographic areas (states, counties, metropolitan areas and places).
The data were collected in a sample survey and are subject to sampling variability, as well as nonsampling errors. Sources of nonsampling error include errors of response, nonreporting and coverage. Further details concerning survey design, methodology and data limitation are contained in the full report. Comparisons to 1992 should be conducted with extreme caution due to changes in tax laws that result in inconsistencies between 1992 and 1997 data. Changes in survey methodology also may contribute to differences.
Percentage of Total Black-Owned Firms by State Compared With Percentage of
Black-Owned Firms to All Businesses by State: 1997
Geographic area African American-
Percent of total African American-owned
firms in U.S.
All firms African American-
owned firms as a percent of all firms
U.S. Total 823,500 20,821,900 4.0 Alabama 19,100 2.3 285,200 6.7 Alaska 900 0.1 64,100 1.4 Arizona 3,600 0.4 329,000 1.1 Arkansas 6,700 0.8 193,400 3.5 California 79,100 9.6 2,565,700 3.1 Colorado 4,900 0.6 410,200 1.2 Connecticut 7,300 0.9 284,000 2.6 Delaware 2,700 0.3 56,600 4.8 District of Columbia 10,900 1.3 45,300 24.1 Florida 59,700 7.2 1,301,900 4.6 Georgia 55,800 6.8 568,600 9.8 Hawaii 600 0.1 94,000 0.6 Idaho 200 0.0 109,800 0.2 Illinois 41,200 5.0 882,100 4.7 Indiana 11,100 1.3 413,400 2.7 Iowa 1,400 0.2 227,600 0.6 Kansas 3,400 0.4 213,400 1.6 Kentucky 5,600 0.7 281,600 2.0 Louisiana 25,800 3.1 295,700 8.7 Maine 300 0.0 127,500 0.2 Maryland 47,600 5.8 400,200 11.9 Massachusetts 11,800 1.4 537,200 2.2 Michigan 25,000 3.0 677,500 3.7 Minnesota 4,000 0.5 410,600 1.0 Mississippi 17,600 2.1 167,900 10.5 Missouri 13,700 1.7 411,400 3.3 Montana 100 0.0 93,700 0.1 Nebraska 1,600 0.2 138,800 1.2 Nevada 2,800 0.3 129,800 2.2 New Hampshire 300 0.0 115,700 0.3 New Jersey 26,500 3.2 654,200 4.1 New Mexico 1,100 0.1 131,700 0.8 New York 86,500 10.5 1,509,800 5.7 North Carolina 39,900 4.8 570,500 7.0 North Dakota 100 0.0 55,300 0.2 Ohio 27,000 3.3 781,300 3.5 Oklahoma 5,300 0.6 280,700 1.9 Oregon 2,200 0.3 291,600 0.8 Pennsylvania 19,800 2.4 837,800 2.4 Rhode Island 1,300 0.2 80,900 1.6 South Carolina 23,200 2.8 260,300 8.9 South Dakota 200 0.0 65,800 0.3 Tennessee 20,200 2.5 415,900 4.9 Texas 60,400 7.3 1,526,000 4.0 Utah 400 0.0 169,200 0.2 Vermont 200 0.0 67,500 0.3 Virginia 33,500 4.1 480,100 7.0 Washington 5,600 0.7 447,400 1.3 West Virginia 1,100 0.1 111,700 1.0 Wisconsin 4,800 0.6 366,400 1.3 Wyoming 200 0.0 49,400 0.4
Note: Detail may not add to the total because a firm may be counted in more than one state.