Introducing a new way to navigate by topics. Access the latest news, data, publications and more around topics of interest.
Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population estimates and projections.
This section provides information on a range of educational topics, from educational attainment and school enrollment to school districts, costs and financing.
We measure the state of the nations workforce, including employment and unemployment levels, weeks and hours worked, occupations, and commuting.
Our statistics highlight trends in household and family composition, describe characteristics of the residents of housing units, and show how they are related.
Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
We measure the housing and construction industry, track homeownership rates, and produce statistics on the physical and financial characteristics of our homes.
The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the Federal, state and local governments as well as voting, redistricting, apportionment and congressional affairs.
Search an alphabetical index of keywords and phrases to access Census Bureau statistics, publications, products, services, data, and data tools.
Geography provides the framework for Census Bureau survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Find resources on how to use geographic data and products with statistical data, educational blog postings, and presentations.
The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Find geographic data and products such as Shapefiles, KMLs, TIGERweb, boundary files, geographic relationship files, and reference and thematic maps.
Metropolitan and micropolitan areas are geographic entities used by Federal statistical agencies in collecting, tabulating, and publishing Federal statistics.
Find information about specific partnership programs and learn more about our partnerships with other organizations.
Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
We conduct research on geographic topics such as how to define geographic areas and how geography changes over time.
Visit our library of Census Bureau multimedia files. Collection formats include audio, video, mobile apps, images, and publications.
Collection of audio features and sound bites.
The Census Bureau packages data and information into easy-to-understand visuals.
Browse Census Bureau images.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Access data through products and tools including data visualizations, mobile apps, interactive web apps and other software.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Learn more about our data from this collection of e-tutorials, presentations, webinars and other training materials. Sign up for training sessions.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Learn how we serve the public as the most reliable source of data about the nation's people and economy.
How we provide the best mix of timeliness, relevancy, quality, and cost for the data we collect.
Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
Our surveys provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decisionmaking.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the Census Bureau.
Explore Census programs targeted for particular needs.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Listen to audio files on fun facts, historical figures, and celebrations of the month.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
In 2007, blacks owned 1.9 million nonfarm U.S. businesses operating in the fifty states and the District of Columbia, an increase of 60.5 percent from 2002. These black-owned firms accounted for 7.1 percent of all nonfarm businesses in the United States, employed 921,032 persons (0.8 percent of total employment) and generated $137.5 billion in receipts (0.5 percent of all receipts).
These findings come from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2007 Survey of Business Owners (SBO) and were collected as part of the 2007 Economic Census. The SBO includes a sample of more than 2.3 million nonfarm businesses filing 2007 tax forms as individual proprietorships, partnerships, or any type of corporation, and with receipts of $1,000 or more. The SBO defines black-owned businesses as firms in which blacks own 51 percent or more of the equity, interest or stock of the business.
In 2007, 37.6 percent of black-owned firms operated in the health care and social assistance (NAICS 62) and repair, maintenance, personal, and laundry services (NAICS 81) sectors. Black-owned firms accounted for 15.4 percent of all U.S. businesses in the health care and social assistance (NAICS 62) sector as well as 13.4 percent of all firms in the transportation and warehousing (NAICS 48-49) sector. Table 5 [pdf, 555K; csv, 96K] and Chart 1 [pdf, 169K] show the distribution of black-owned firms by sector. Retail trade (NAICS 44-45) and health care and social assistance (NAICS 62) accounted for 27.4 percent of black-owned business revenue.
New York had the largest number of black-owned firms at 204,032 (10.6 percent of all black-owned firms), with receipts of $12.8 billion (9.3 percent of all black-owned firm receipts). Georgia and Florida were next with 183,874 (9.6 percent) and 181,437 (9.4 percent) black-owned firms respectively, with receipts of $8.9 billion (6.5 percent) and 10.6 billion (7.7 percent) respectively. Table 1 [pdf, 140K; csv, 6K] and Map 1 [pdf, 256K] show, for each state, the number of black-owned firms as a percentage of the total number of firms in that state in 2007. Table 6 [pdf, 220K; csv, 24K] and Map 2 [pdf, 257K] show, for each state, the change in the number of black-owned firms from 2002 to 2007.
Among U.S. counties, Cook County, Illinois, had the largest number of black-owned firms in 2007 at 83,733. Los Angeles County, California had the second largest number of black-owned firms, with 59,680. Kings County, New York, was third, with 52,705 black-owned firms. Table 2 [pdf, 140K; csv, 6K] shows, for the 50 most populous counties, the number of black-owned firms as a percentage of the total number of firms in each respective county in 2007.
The two cities with the largest number of black-owned firms in 2007 were New York City, with 154,929 and Chicago, with 58,631. Table 3 [pdf, 141K; csv, 6K] shows, for the 50 most populous cities, the number of black-owned firms as a percentage of the total number of firms in each respective city in 2007.
The SBO collects data from both employer and nonemployer businesses. Employer businesses are firms with paid employees, including workers on the payroll and excluding sole proprietors and partners. Nonemployer businesses are firms without paid employees, including sole proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses that do not have any other employees on the payroll.
In 2007, there were 106,824 black-owned employer firms, an increase of 13.0 percent from 2002. These firms employed 921,032 person and had a total payroll of $23.9 billion, an increase of 22.2 percent and 36.3 percent respectively from 2002. In 2007, these firms generated $98.9 billion in receipts, an increase of 50.2 percent from 2002. In 2007, employer firms accounted for 5.6 percent of the total number of black-owned firms and 71.9 percent of black-owned firmsí gross receipts. Average receipts for these black-owned employer firms in 2007 were $925,427.
In 2007, 1.8 million black-owned firms had no paid employees, an increase of 64.5 percent from 2002. These nonemployer firms generated $38.6 billion in receipts, an increase of 69.0 percent from 2002. In 2007, nonemployers accounted for 94.4 percent of the total number of black-owned firms and 28.1 percent of gross receipts. Average receipts for these black-owned nonemployer firms in 2007 were $21,263.
The 2007 and 2002 SBO data were published according to the 2007 and 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) respectively. Prior to the 2002 SBO, data were published according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. Additional changes affecting data comparability are discussed in detail in Methodology, in the section titled "Comparability of the 2007 and 2002 SBO Data."