U.S. Census Bureau
1997 Economic Census main page 1997 Economic Census:
Transportation and Warehousing
United States


These data are from the 1997 and 2002 Economic Censuses.
For more recent data, see the current Industry Statistics Sampler.
 
Transportation and Warehousing by Subsector
Introductory text includes scope and methodology. Table includes only establishments with payroll. Nonemployers are shown separately. For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table.

More
data
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
  48-49 Transportation & warehousing 178,025 318,245,044 82,346,182 2,920,777
481 Air transportation %% 3,598 20,249,033 2,748,050 89,125
482 Rail Transportation (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
483 Water transportation 1,921 24,019,168 2,834,114 72,857
484 Truck transportation 103,798 141,225,398 38,471,272 1,293,790
485 Transit & ground passenger transportation 16,013 13,792,414 5,549,498 339,579
486 Pipeline transportation 2,311 26,836,992 2,660,576 49,280
487 Scenic & sightseeing transportation 2,325 1,893,436 492,482 23,907
488 Support activities for transportation 30,675 39,758,245 12,592,441 411,640
491 Postal Service (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
492 Couriers & messengers 10,887 39,812,433 14,071,630 530,839
493 Warehousing & storage 6,497 10,657,925 2,926,119 109,760

 

 

Transportation and Warehousing by Industry
Introductory text includes scope and methodology. Table includes only establishments with payroll. Nonemployers are shown separately. For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table.

NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
48-49 Transportation & warehousing 178,025 318,245,044 82,346,182 2,920,777
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
481 Air transportation %% 3,598 20,249,033 2,748,050 89,125
4811 Scheduled air transportation %% 1,798 16,284,929 1,920,912 65,988
481111 Scheduled passenger air transportation 1,434 12,196,148 1,308,073 42,754
481112 Scheduled freight air transportation 364 4,088,781 612,839 23,234
4812 Nonscheduled air transportation 1,800 3,964,104 827,138 23,137
481211 Nonscheduled chartered passenger air transportation 1,365 2,702,834 535,643 15,175
481212 Nonscheduled chartered freight air transportation 165 770,188 148,939 4,009
481219 Other nonscheduled air transportation 270 491,082 142,556 3,953
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
482 Rail Transportation (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
483 Water transportation 1,921 24,019,168 2,834,114 72,857
4831 Deep sea, coastal, & Great Lakes water transportation 1,308 20,338,893 2,197,603 54,300
483111 Deep sea freight transportation 487 11,570,718 841,598 18,542
483112 Deep sea passenger transportation 80 3,908,143 380,310 12,266
483113 Coastal & Great Lakes freight transportation 616 4,677,942 925,457 21,690
4831131 Coastal & intercoastal freight transportation 292 3,114,639 538,088 12,547
4831132 Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway freight transportation 32 519,863 109,804 1,614
4831133 Coastal & intercoastal towing service 292 1,043,440 277,565 7,529
483114 Coastal & Great Lakes passenger transportation 125 182,090 50,238 1,802
4831141 Coastal & Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway passenger trans 64 89,597 19,836 923
4831142 Coastal & Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway ferry transportation 61 92,493 30,402 879
4832 Inland water transportation 613 3,680,275 636,511 18,557
483211 Inland water freight transportation 383 3,387,148 552,417 15,663
4832111 Inland waterways freight transportation (except towing) 222 2,821,121 396,093 10,628
4832112 Inland waterways towing transportation 161 566,027 156,324 5,035
483212 Inland water passenger transportation 230 293,127 84,094 2,894
4832121 Inland waterways ferry transportation 76 121,992 40,352 1,017
4832122 Other water passenger transportation (including water taxi) 154 171,135 43,742 1,877
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
484 Truck transportation 103,798 141,225,398 38,471,272 1,293,790
4841 General freight trucking 44,781 88,425,515 25,722,129 819,507
48411 General freight trucking, local 15,460 12,273,276 3,522,120 134,777
4841101 General freight trucking without storage, local, truckload 10,296 7,783,545 1,934,702 73,967
4841102 General freight trucking w/o storage, local, less than truckload 4,249 3,324,800 1,231,827 47,246
4841103 General freight trucking with storage, local, truckload 542 678,272 199,953 7,468
4841104 General freight trucking with storage, local, less than truckload 373 486,659 155,638 6,096
48412 General freight trucking, long-distance 29,321 76,152,239 22,200,009 684,730
484121 General freight trucking, long-distance, truckload 23,111 51,142,148 12,690,093 425,758
484122 General freight trucking, long-distance, less than truckload 6,210 25,010,091 9,509,916 258,972
4842 Specialized freight trucking 59,017 52,799,883 12,749,143 474,283
48421 Used household & office goods moving 9,100 12,583,701 2,943,948 121,550
4842101 Used household & office goods moving, local, without storage 3,259 1,198,983 395,383 20,858
4842102 Used household & office goods moving, long-distance 3,555 9,111,477 1,741,891 65,734
4842103 Used household & office goods moving, local, with storage 2,286 2,273,241 806,674 34,958
48422 Specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, local 35,478 19,715,790 4,754,288 188,106
4842201 Hazardous materials trucking (except waste), local 1,434 1,267,441 366,278 10,951
4842202 Agricultural products trucking without storage, local 8,065 2,785,495 629,234 29,925
4842203 Dump trucking 17,440 9,748,351 2,083,930 81,553
4842204 Specialized trucking without storage, local 7,996 5,131,564 1,435,503 56,450
4842205 Specialized trucking with storage, local 543 782,939 239,343 9,227
48423 Specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, long-distance 14,439 20,500,392 5,050,907 164,627
4842301 Hazardous materials trucking (except waste), long-distance 2,043 3,840,724 918,360 28,396
4842302 Agricultural products trucking, long-distance 5,389 3,693,332 789,921 32,371
4842303 Other specialized trucking, long-distance 7,007 12,966,336 3,342,626 103,860
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
485 Transit & ground passenger transportation 16,013 13,792,414 5,549,498 339,579
4851 Urban transit systems 618 1,518,683 973,297 32,946
485111 Mixed mode transit systems 28 51,567 24,112 759
485112 Commuter rail systems 16 D D (2500-4999)
485113 Bus & motor vehicle transit systems 542 1,152,525 744,397 27,448
485119 Other urban transit systems 32 D D (500-999)
4852 Interurban & rural bus transportation 407 1,147,432 549,727 19,900
4853 Taxi & limousine service 6,418 3,154,521 880,626 57,282
48531 Taxi service 3,184 1,280,597 392,759 27,850
48532 Limousine service 3,234 1,873,924 487,867 29,432
4854 School & employee bus transportation 4,484 4,392,783 1,877,956 151,664
4854101 School bus service 4,326 4,233,836 1,810,695 147,441
4854102 Employee bus service 158 158,947 67,261 4,223
4855 Charter bus industry 1,531 1,768,199 548,026 31,483
4855101 Charter bus service, local 482 459,953 143,572 8,694
4855102 Charter bus service, interstate/interurban 1,049 1,308,246 404,454 22,789
4859 Other transit & ground passenger transportation 2,555 1,810,796 719,866 46,304
485991 Special needs transportation 1,789 1,141,413 486,676 31,791
485999 All other transit & ground passenger transportation 766 669,383 233,190 14,513
4859991 Scheduled airport shuttle service 534 601,988 217,633 13,435
4859992 All other passenger transportation 232 67,395 15,557 1,078
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
486 Pipeline transportation 2,311 26,836,992 2,660,576 49,280
4861 Pipeline transportation of crude oil 382 4,364,552 479,510 7,960
4862 Pipeline transportation of natural gas 1,450 19,626,833 1,870,950 35,789
4862101 Natural gas transmission 1,036 11,212,984 1,092,389 20,157
4862102 Natural gas transmission & distribution (transmission) 414 8,413,849 778,561 15,632
4869 Other pipeline transportation 479 2,845,607 310,116 5,531
48691 Pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products 448 2,516,124 290,125 5,156
48699 All other pipeline transportation 31 329,483 19,991 375
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
487 Scenic & sightseeing transportation 2,325 1,893,436 492,482 23,907
4871 Scenic & sightseeing transportation, land 454 557,598 169,632 8,227
4871101 Sightseeing buses 307 462,186 145,734 6,858
4871102 Horse drawn cabs & carriages 83 14,094 4,678 525
4871103 Scenic railroads 64 81,318 19,220 844
4872 Scenic & sightseeing transportation, water 1,692 1,128,625 282,848 14,185
4872101 Excursion & sightseeing boats (including dinner cruises) 654 861,001 224,067 10,827
4872102 Charter fishing & party fishing boats 1,038 267,624 58,781 3,358
4879 Scenic & sightseeing transportation, other 179 207,213 40,002 1,495
4879901 Sightseeing airplanes and helicopters 166 199,691 36,919 1,408
4879902 Aerial tramways (scenic or sightseeing) & cable lifts 13 7,522 3,083 87
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
488 Support activities for transportation 30,675 39,758,245 12,592,441 411,640
4881 Support activities for air transportation 4,231 9,153,236 2,820,064 115,456
48811 Airport operations 1,831 3,293,605 1,106,114 62,138
488111 Air traffic control 114 43,450 21,152 502
4881111 Nongovernment air traffic control 114 43,450 21,152 502
488119 Other airport operations 1,717 3,250,155 1,084,962 61,636
4881191 Airport operation & terminal services 1,699 3,243,149 1,082,677 61,547
4881192 Vacuuming of runways 18 7,006 2,285 89
48819 Other support activities for air transportation 2,400 5,859,631 1,713,950 53,318
4882 Support activities for rail transportation 816 2,066,746 514,558 18,865
4882101 Support activities incidental to rail transportation 816 2,066,746 514,558 18,865
4883 Support activities for water transportation 2,525 7,514,764 2,763,271 72,480
48831 Port & harbor operations 168 889,125 237,681 6,802
4883101 Operation of port & waterfront terminals 168 889,125 237,681 6,802
48832 Marine cargo handling 623 4,456,243 1,941,364 48,463
48833 Navigational services to shipping 865 1,513,202 376,739 10,800
4883301 Tugboat service (including fleeting & harbor service) 361 1,014,026 248,953 7,989
4883302 Navigational services 461 377,596 96,378 2,142
4883303 Marine salvaging & wrecking (including dismantling of ships) 43 121,580 31,408 669
48839 Other support activities for water transportation 869 656,194 207,487 6,415
4883901 Other services incidental to water transportation 640 444,499 133,263 4,389
4883902 Marine cargo inspectors & surveyors 217 206,958 73,171 1,977
4883903 Ship scaling 12 4,737 1,053 49
4884 Support activities for road transportation 6,424 2,683,193 900,997 44,325
48841 Motor vehicle towing 5,893 2,295,188 747,355 36,845
48849 Other support activities for road transportation 531 388,005 153,642 7,480
4884901 Terminal or maintenance facilities for motor vehicle pass trans 26 15,253 5,190 220
4884902 Motor freight terminal & joint terminal maint facility trans 14 12,989 3,955 120
4884903 Fixed facilities & inspection & weighing serv for motor trans veh 165 140,108 48,106 1,751
4884904 Support activities incidental to road transportation 326 219,655 96,391 5,389
4885 Freight transportation arrangement 15,782 16,250,758 5,014,641 141,488
4885101 Freight forwarding 6,630 8,294,389 2,384,719 69,130
4885102 Arrangement of transportation of freight & cargo 9,152 7,956,369 2,629,922 72,358
4889 Other support activities for transportation 897 2,089,548 578,910 19,026
488991 Packing & crating 795 D D (5000-9999)
488999 All other support activities for transportation 102 D D (5000-9999)
4889991 Other support activities for transportation 64 D D (5000-9999)
4889992 Arrangement of carpools & vanpools 38 22,140 6,805 283
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
491 Postal Service (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
492 Couriers & messengers 10,887 39,812,433 14,071,630 530,839
4921 Couriers 5,503 36,293,333 12,829,893 463,426
4921101 Courier services (except by air) 2,362 19,289,602 8,234,379 317,630
4921102 Air courier services 3,141 17,003,731 4,595,514 145,796
4922 Local messengers & local delivery 5,384 3,519,100 1,241,737 67,413
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Revenue
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
493 Warehousing & storage 6,497 10,657,925 2,926,119 109,760
49311 General warehousing & storage 3,921 5,321,389 1,623,028 62,784
4931101 General warehousing & storage (except in foreign trade zones) 3,918 5,320,671 1,622,917 62,777
49312 Refrigerated warehousing & storage 877 2,270,327 609,584 22,121
4931201 Refrigerated products warehousing 872 2,268,823 609,335 22,109
49313 Farm product warehousing & storage 486 673,198 118,542 5,280
49319 Other warehousing & storage 1,213 2,393,011 574,965 19,575
4931901 Household goods warehousing & storage 317 451,574 141,630 6,158
4931902 Specialized goods warehousing & storage 896 1,941,437 433,335 13,417
D = Withheld to avoid disclosure; N = Not available

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Source: 1997 Economic Census   Questions?
Last revised: July 13, 2011