U.S. Census Bureau
1997 Economic Census main page 1997 Economic Census:
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services
United States


These data are from the 1997 and 2002 Economic Censuses.
For more recent data, see the current Industry Statistics Sampler.
 
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services by Subsector
Introductory text includes scope and methodology. Table includes only establishments with payroll. Nonemployers are shown separately. For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table.

More
data
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Receipts
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
  54 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 615,305 579,542,139 225,376,050 5,212,745
Exempt 5,824 15,708,510 6,022,741 148,465
541 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 615,305 579,542,139 225,376,050 5,212,745
Exempt 5,824 15,708,510 6,022,741 148,465

 

 

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services by Industry
Introductory text includes scope and methodology. Table includes only establishments with payroll. Nonemployers are shown separately. For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table.

NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Receipts
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
54 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 615,305 579,542,139 225,376,050 5,212,745
Exempt 5,824 15,708,510 6,022,741 148,465
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Receipts
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
541 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 615,305 579,542,139 225,376,050 5,212,745
Exempt 5,824 15,708,510 6,022,741 148,465
5411 Legal services Taxable 173,716 127,052,406 49,060,017 1,012,092
Exempt 2,532 1,496,807 796,671 23,316
54111 Offices of lawyers Taxable 165,757 122,616,890 47,409,587 956,074
Exempt 2,532 1,496,807 796,671 23,316
5411101 Offices of lawyers (except legal aid societies) Taxable 165,757 122,616,890 47,409,587 956,074
5411102 Legal aid societies & similar legal services Exempt 2,532 1,496,807 796,671 23,316
54119 Other legal services Taxable 7,959 4,435,516 1,650,430 56,018
541191 Title abstract & settlement offices Taxable 6,391 3,489,167 1,386,275 46,711
541199 All other legal services Taxable 1,568 946,349 264,155 9,307
5412 Accounting, tax return prep, bookkeeping, & payroll services Taxable 97,512 61,117,315 26,104,086 966,533
54121 Accounting, tax return prep, bookkeeping, & payroll services Taxable 97,512 61,117,315 26,104,086 966,533
541211 Offices of certified public accountants Taxable 53,651 38,601,265 15,167,282 389,340
541213 Tax return preparation services Taxable 12,830 2,184,210 760,170 147,698
541214 Payroll services Taxable 2,709 14,113,017 7,598,085 316,425
541219 Other accounting services Taxable 28,322 6,218,823 2,578,549 113,070
5413 Architectural, engineering, & related services Taxable 92,710 116,986,061 46,942,816 1,038,317
54131 Architectural services Taxable 20,602 16,988,338 6,468,524 146,702
54132 Landscape Architectural Services (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
54133 Engineering services Taxable 52,526 88,180,688 35,337,890 730,048
54134 Drafting services Taxable 1,872 605,362 310,342 9,150
54135 Building inspection services Taxable 2,771 639,041 240,080 8,674
54136 Geophysical surveying & mapping services Taxable 587 1,087,786 445,595 9,905
54137 Surveying & mapping (except geophysical) services Taxable 8,864 3,041,882 1,431,603 51,814
54138 Testing laboratories Taxable 5,488 6,442,964 2,708,782 82,024
5414 Specialized design services Taxable 26,436 14,254,024 4,088,006 113,035
54141 Interior design services Taxable 9,612 4,945,340 1,021,531 33,915
54142 Industrial design services Taxable 1,322 1,363,017 582,591 13,607
54143 Graphic design services Taxable 14,631 7,554,903 2,354,674 61,622
5414301 Graphic design services (except commercial art & medical artists) Taxable 12,565 6,741,083 2,109,127 54,791
5414302 Commercial art Taxable 2,017 801,037 240,746 6,688
5414303 Medical artists Taxable 49 12,783 4,801 143
54149 Other specialized design services Taxable 871 390,764 129,210 3,891
5415 Computer systems design & related services Taxable 72,278 108,967,614 42,150,658 764,659
541511 Custom computer programming services Taxable 31,624 38,300,515 18,417,084 318,198
541512 Computer systems design services Taxable 30,804 51,212,916 18,459,669 337,526
5415121 Computer systems integrators Taxable 10,571 35,270,055 11,341,975 207,741
5415122 Computer systems consultants (except systems integrators) Taxable 20,233 15,942,861 7,117,694 129,785
541513 Computer facilities management services Taxable 1,445 15,114,194 3,389,511 71,821
541519 Other computer related services Taxable 8,405 4,339,989 1,884,394 37,114
5416 Management, scientific, & technical consulting services Taxable 80,426 63,428,740 26,581,677 511,252
54161 Management consulting services Taxable 60,794 52,224,697 22,296,821 411,044
541611 Administrative management & general management consulting service Taxable 27,399 28,556,409 12,738,842 208,674
541612 Human resources & executive search consulting services Taxable 14,788 10,713,115 5,160,322 99,719
5416121 Actuarial consulting Taxable 714 1,152,766 571,565 10,299
5416122 Executive placement services Taxable 7,619 5,154,804 2,640,672 47,179
5416123 Human resources & personnel management consulting Taxable 6,455 4,405,545 1,948,085 42,241
541613 Marketing consulting services Taxable 12,498 7,874,497 2,547,408 61,418
541614 Process, physical distribution, & logistics consulting services Taxable 3,078 3,259,152 1,195,682 25,366
541618 Other management consulting services Taxable 3,031 1,821,524 654,567 15,867
54162 Environmental consulting services Taxable 6,725 4,780,771 1,777,594 46,145
54169 Other scientific & technical consulting services Taxable 12,907 6,423,272 2,507,262 54,063
5417 Scientific research & development services Taxable 7,830 23,078,307 9,322,150 176,974
Exempt 3,292 14,211,703 5,226,070 125,149
54171 R&D in the physical, engineering, & life sciences Taxable 6,855 21,821,756 8,820,582 161,304
Exempt 2,318 12,324,171 4,593,475 107,812
5417101 R&D in the physical & engineering sciences Taxable 4,269 14,861,730 5,890,352 108,832
Exempt 860 7,561,476 2,842,628 62,005
5417102 Research & development in the life sciences Taxable 2,586 6,960,026 2,930,230 52,472
Exempt 1,458 4,762,695 1,750,847 45,807
54172 Research & development in the social sciences & humanities Taxable 975 1,256,551 501,568 15,670
Exempt 974 1,887,532 632,595 17,337
5418 Advertising & related services Taxable 38,832 49,290,082 16,012,117 417,214
54181 Advertising agencies Taxable 13,390 16,871,520 7,556,880 139,486
54182 Public relations agencies Taxable 6,513 4,771,957 1,951,633 38,735
54183 Media buying services Taxable 882 1,056,713 422,027 8,534
54184 Media representatives Taxable 2,686 3,308,665 1,060,529 26,437
5418401 Radio & television advertising representatives Taxable 1,142 1,278,211 541,527 12,946
5418402 Publishers' advertising representatives Taxable 1,544 2,030,454 519,002 13,491
54185 Display advertising Taxable 2,261 4,638,974 823,063 41,357
5418501 Display advertising (except outdoor) Taxable 633 2,249,617 303,398 26,434
5418502 Outdoor advertising services Taxable 1,628 2,389,357 519,665 14,923
54186 Direct mail advertising Taxable 3,454 8,672,214 2,426,572 85,669
54187 Advertising material distribution services Taxable 560 829,683 174,956 9,642
54189 Other services related to advertising Taxable 9,086 9,140,356 1,596,457 67,354
5418901 Welcoming services Taxable 128 30,970 7,230 606
5418902 Advertising specialties goods distributor Taxable 4,477 6,847,023 943,235 29,665
5418903 Sign painting & lettering shop Taxable 3,390 786,247 214,789 10,959
5418909 All other advertising Taxable 1,091 1,476,116 431,203 26,124
5419 Other professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 25,565 15,367,590 5,114,523 212,669
54191 Marketing research & public opinion polling Taxable 4,030 7,879,886 2,963,417 107,552
54192 Photographic services Taxable 17,573 5,571,219 1,539,891 83,905
541921 Photographic studios, portrait Taxable 13,245 3,705,100 990,666 65,395
541922 Commercial photography Taxable 4,328 1,866,119 549,225 18,510
54193 Translation & interpretation services Taxable 904 414,570 142,155 4,863
54194 Veterinary Services (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
54199 All other professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 3,058 1,501,915 469,060 16,349
D = Withheld to avoid disclosure; N = Not available

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Source: 1997 Economic Census   Questions?
Last revised: July 13, 2011