1997 Economic Census:
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services
Virginia


These data are from the 1997 and 2002 Economic Censuses.
For more recent data, see the current Industry Statistics Sampler.
 
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services by Subsector
Introductory text includes scope and methodology. Table includes only establishments with payroll. Nonemployers are shown separately. For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table.
More
data
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Receipts
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
  54 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 17,539 24,151,691 9,729,762 212,632
Exempt 193 909,009 461,273 8,497
541 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 17,539 24,151,691 9,729,762 212,632
Exempt 193 909,009 461,273 8,497

 

 

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services by Industry
Introductory text includes scope and methodology. Table includes only establishments with payroll. Nonemployers are shown separately. For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table.
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Receipts
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
54 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 17,539 24,151,691 9,729,762 212,632
Exempt 193 909,009 461,273 8,497
NAICS
code
Description Estab-
lish-
ments
Receipts
($1,000)
Annual
payroll
($1,000)
Paid
employees
541 Professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 17,539 24,151,691 9,729,762 212,632
Exempt 193 909,009 461,273 8,497
5411 Legal services Taxable 3,814 2,134,201 911,351 21,082
Exempt 74 34,320 16,956 539
54111 Offices of lawyers Taxable 3,558 1,995,999 872,662 19,791
Exempt 74 34,320 16,956 539
5411101 Offices of lawyers (except legal aid societies) Taxable 3,558 1,995,999 872,662 19,791
5411102 Legal aid societies & similar legal services Exempt 74 34,320 16,956 539
54119 Other legal services Taxable 256 138,202 38,689 1,291
541191 Title abstract & settlement offices Taxable 167 52,328 19,983 675
541199 All other legal services Taxable 89 85,874 18,706 616
5412 Accounting, tax return prep, bookkeeping, & payroll services Taxable 2,330 1,204,804 530,796 19,896
54121 Accounting, tax return prep, bookkeeping, & payroll services Taxable 2,330 1,204,804 530,796 19,896
541211 Offices of certified public accountants Taxable 1,156 888,950 366,994 9,116
541213 Tax return preparation services Taxable 339 60,713 22,665 5,081
541214 Payroll services Taxable 60 123,924 84,321 2,988
541219 Other accounting services Taxable 775 131,217 56,816 2,711
5413 Architectural, engineering, & related services Taxable 2,899 5,607,156 2,437,419 52,792
54131 Architectural services Taxable 514 369,194 147,818 3,521
54132 Landscape Architectural Services (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
54133 Engineering services Taxable 1,803 4,956,995 2,160,233 44,907
54134 Drafting services Taxable 43 D D (100-249)
54135 Building inspection services Taxable 113 19,527 8,906 253
54136 Geophysical surveying & mapping services Taxable 1 D D (1-19)
54137 Surveying & mapping (except geophysical) services Taxable 290 114,200 55,476 2,017
54138 Testing laboratories Taxable 135 136,537 59,403 1,958
5414 Specialized design services Taxable 602 200,109 58,180 1,994
54141 Interior design services Taxable 250 79,247 20,224 812
54142 Industrial design services Taxable 17 10,694 4,178 106
54143 Graphic design services Taxable 325 108,531 33,275 1,053
5414301 Graphic design services (except commercial art & medical artists) Taxable 288 100,734 30,530 959
5414302 Commercial art Taxable 34 D D (20-99)
5414303 Medical artists Taxable 3 D D (20-99)
54149 Other specialized design services Taxable 10 1,637 503 23
5415 Computer systems design & related services Taxable 3,082 9,746,921 3,592,464 66,065
541511 Custom computer programming services Taxable 1,253 3,518,933 1,485,515 26,476
541512 Computer systems design services Taxable 1,405 5,549,440 1,807,336 33,825
5415121 Computer systems integrators Taxable 504 4,202,314 1,168,890 21,587
5415122 Computer systems consultants (except systems integrators) Taxable 901 1,347,126 638,446 12,238
541513 Computer facilities management services Taxable 102 399,233 163,453 3,210
541519 Other computer related services Taxable 322 279,315 136,160 2,554
5416 Management, scientific, & technical consulting services Taxable 2,847 2,501,345 1,162,809 24,800
54161 Management consulting services Taxable 2,123 1,825,292 869,460 17,914
541611 Administrative management & general management consulting service Taxable 1,030 1,243,311 624,052 12,571
541612 Human resources & executive search consulting services Taxable 414 226,046 107,995 1,970
5416121 Actuarial consulting Taxable 19 27,532 11,547 226
5416122 Executive placement services Taxable 156 86,794 44,633 757
5416123 Human resources & personnel management consulting Taxable 239 111,720 51,815 987
541613 Marketing consulting services Taxable 469 201,285 76,289 1,715
541614 Process, physical distribution, & logistics consulting services Taxable 94 98,532 36,257 889
541618 Other management consulting services Taxable 116 56,118 24,867 769
54162 Environmental consulting services Taxable 223 237,975 108,240 2,537
54169 Other scientific & technical consulting services Taxable 501 438,078 185,109 4,349
5417 Scientific research & development services Taxable 356 1,642,636 649,401 12,347
Exempt 119 874,689 444,317 7,958
54171 R&D in the physical, engineering, & life sciences Taxable 319 1,613,867 636,917 12,025
Exempt 83 821,466 424,151 7,289
5417101 R&D in the physical & engineering sciences Taxable 259 1,470,693 568,996 10,991
Exempt 48 771,348 409,376 6,846
5417102 Research & development in the life sciences Taxable 60 143,174 67,921 1,034
Exempt 35 50,118 14,775 443
54172 Research & development in the social sciences & humanities Taxable 37 28,769 12,484 322
Exempt 36 53,223 20,166 669
5418 Advertising & related services Taxable 987 861,875 300,110 9,288
54181 Advertising agencies Taxable 299 235,878 109,562 2,215
54182 Public relations agencies Taxable 207 114,465 42,302 773
54183 Media buying services Taxable 24 27,276 9,119 185
54184 Media representatives Taxable 48 26,094 9,691 327
5418401 Radio & television advertising representatives Taxable 21 15,714 6,018 190
5418402 Publishers' advertising representatives Taxable 27 10,380 3,673 137
54185 Display advertising Taxable 38 40,286 10,698 1,078
5418501 Display advertising (except outdoor) Taxable 9 12,092 4,167 798
5418502 Outdoor advertising services Taxable 29 28,194 6,531 280
54186 Direct mail advertising Taxable 149 303,920 97,710 3,859
54187 Advertising material distribution services Taxable 10 2,092 427 32
54189 Other services related to advertising Taxable 212 111,864 20,601 819
5418901 Welcoming services Taxable 4 D D (1-19)
5418902 Advertising specialties goods distributor Taxable 93 78,921 10,556 367
5418903 Sign painting & lettering shop Taxable 98 18,662 5,162 291
5418909 All other advertising Taxable 17 D D (100-249)
5419 Other professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 622 252,644 87,232 4,368
54191 Marketing research & public opinion polling Taxable 107 109,085 46,777 2,311
54192 Photographic services Taxable 397 100,347 27,145 1,635
541921 Photographic studios, portrait Taxable 297 70,512 19,026 1,292
541922 Commercial photography Taxable 100 29,835 8,119 343
54193 Translation & interpretation services Taxable 36 10,445 2,649 85
54194 Veterinary Services (not covered in the Economic Census) N N N N
54199 All other professional, scientific, & technical services Taxable 82 32,767 10,661 337
D = Withheld to avoid disclosure; N = Not available

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Source: 1997 Economic Census

Last modified: 2/ 6/01   Questions?