1997 Economic Census:
Comparative Statistics for United States
1987 SIC Basis: Transportation, Communications and Utilities

 
Transportation, Communications and Utilities by Major Group (2-digit SIC)
Includes only establishments with payroll. Data are in current dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Introductory text includes scope and methodology.
For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table. An alternate display has fewer columns.

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detail
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  Transportation, communications, and utilities %% ** 293,575 N N 1,143,936,913 N N 5,689,138 N N 199,706,592 N N
41 Local and interurban passenger transportation 19,621 17,805 10.2 D 12,649,307 N (100,000+) 354,913 N D 5,191,117 N
42 Motor freight transportation and warehousing 133,373 110,908 20.3 197,375,341 143,794,366 37.3 1,960,130 1,580,095 24.1 55,739,452 39,895,651 39.7
44 Water transportation 9,214 8,147 13.1 35,179,111 29,207,214 20.4 178,560 171,314 4.2 6,329,774 5,170,196 22.4
45 Transportation by air %% 11,455 N N 47,386,832 N N 362,411 N N 10,404,528 N N
46 Pipelines, except natural gas 861 844 2.0 7,210,159 7,063,056 2.1 13,491 16,779 -19.6 789,626 821,085 -3.8
47 Transportation services 52,409 46,593 12.5 D 23,889,855 N (100,000+) 329,202 N D 7,850,337 N
48 Communications 44,319 39,244 12.9 349,179,976 230,667,167 51.4 1,450,043 1,294,236 12.0 64,017,738 47,057,941 36.0
49 Electric, gas, and sanitary services 22,323 20,049 11.3 447,910,204 310,961,224 44.0 835,917 915,012 -8.6 41,886,213 39,155,155 7.0
N=Comparable data not available D=Withheld to avoid disclosure
%% Data do not include large certificated passenger carriers that report to the Office of Airline Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Transportation
** Railroad transportation and U.S. Postal Service industries are out of scope for the 1997 Economic Census

 

 

Transportation, Communications and Utilities by Industry (4-digit SIC)
Includes only establishments with payroll. Data are in current dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Introductory text includes scope and methodology.
For descriptions of column headings and rows (industries), click on the appropriate underlined element in the table. An alternate display has fewer columns.

Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
    Transportation, communications, and utilities %% ** 293,575 N N 1,143,936,913 N N 5,689,138 N N 199,706,592 N N
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  41 Local and interurban passenger transportation 19,621 17,805 10.2 D 12,649,307 N (100,000+) 354,913 N D 5,191,117 N
  411 Local and suburban passenger transportation 10,147 8,275 22.6 D 6,149,525 N (100,000+) 158,381 N D r N
Not Comparable 4111 Local and suburban transit 1,152 1,135 1.5 D 1,545,488 N (25k-49999) 42,756 N D r N
Not Comparable 4119 Other local passenger transportation 8,995 7,140 26.0 8,147,039 4,604,037 77.0 179,736 115,625 55.4 3,183,251 1,786,101 78.2
  412 Taxi service 3,184 3,337 -4.6 1,280,597 992,378 29.0 27,850 26,338 5.7 392,759 305,907 28.4
Not Comparable 4121 Taxi service 3,184 3,337 -4.6 1,280,597 992,378 29.0 27,850 26,338 5.7 392,759 305,907 28.4
  413 Interurban and rural bus transportation 407 607 -32.9 1,147,432 910,512 26.0 19,900 15,301 30.1 549,727 r 77.6
Not Comparable 4131 Interurban and rural bus transportation 407 607 -32.9 1,147,432 910,512 26.0 19,900 15,301 30.1 549,727 r 77.6
  414 Charter bus service 1,531 1,307 17.1 1,768,199 1,269,082 39.3 31,483 24,604 28.0 548,026 393,784 39.2
Not Comparable 4141 Charter bus service, local 482 429 12.4 459,953 375,221 22.6 8,694 7,699 12.9 143,572 124,635 15.2
Not Comparable 4142 Charter bus service, interstate/interurban 1,049 878 19.5 1,308,246 893,861 46.4 22,789 16,905 34.8 404,454 269,149 50.3
  415 School bus service 4,326 4,260 1.5 4,233,836 3,315,313 27.7 147,441 130,093 13.3 1,810,695 1,379,955 31.2
Not Comparable 4151 School bus service 4,326 4,260 1.5 4,233,836 3,315,313 27.7 147,441 130,093 13.3 1,810,695 1,379,955 31.2
  417 Bus terminal and service facilities 26 19 36.8 15,253 12,497 22.1 220 196 12.2 5,190 4,496 15.4
Not Comparable 4173 Bus terminal and service facilities 26 19 36.8 15,253 12,497 22.1 220 196 12.2 5,190 4,496 15.4
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  42 Motor freight transportation and warehousing 133,373 110,908 20.3 197,375,341 143,794,366 37.3 1,960,130 1,580,095 24.1 55,739,452 39,895,651 39.7
  421 Trucking and courier services, except air 119,868 101,169 18.5 184,178,773 135,436,985 36.0 1,831,577 1,484,655 23.4 52,513,343 37,760,025 39.1
Not Comparable 4212 Local trucking without storage 61,063 49,870 22.4 51,384,852 33,554,382 53.1 473,694 354,742 33.5 12,642,812 8,043,459 57.2
Not Comparable 4213 Trucking, except local 47,315 40,821 15.9 105,764,108 78,357,536 35.0 915,091 758,435 20.7 28,992,807 20,974,464 38.2
Not Comparable 4214 Local trucking with storage 3,744 4,512 -17.0 4,221,111 4,190,745 0.7 57,749 64,417 -10.4 1,401,608 1,345,954 4.1
Not Comparable 4215 Courier services, except by air 7,746 5,966 29.8 22,808,702 19,334,322 18.0 385,043 307,061 25.4 9,476,116 7,396,148 28.1
  422 Public warehousing and storage 13,491 9,718 38.8 13,183,579 8,329,899 58.3 128,433 95,145 35.0 3,222,154 2,127,267 51.5
Not Comparable 4221 Farm product warehousing and storage facilities 486 584 -16.8 673,198 656,468 2.5 5,280 6,497 -18.7 118,542 129,615 -8.5
Not Comparable 4222 Refrigerated products warehousing 872 929 -6.1 2,268,823 1,744,807 30.0 22,109 18,963 16.6 609,335 463,927 31.3
Not Comparable 4225 General warehousing and storage 10,912 6,753 61.6 7,846,325 3,919,158 100.2 81,450 49,091 65.9 1,918,952 983,107 95.2
Not Comparable 4226 Other special warehousing and storage 1,221 1,452 -15.9 2,395,233 2,009,466 19.2 19,594 20,594 -4.9 575,325 550,618 4.5
  423 Trucking terminal facilities 14 21 -33.3 12,989 27,482 -52.7 120 295 -59.3 3,955 8,359 -52.7
Not Comparable 4231 Trucking terminal facilities 14 21 -33.3 12,989 27,482 -52.7 120 295 -59.3 3,955 8,359 -52.7
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  44 Water transportation 9,214 8,147 13.1 35,179,111 29,207,214 20.4 178,560 171,314 4.2 6,329,774 5,170,196 22.4
  441 Deep sea freight transportation 487 334 45.8 11,570,718 8,490,470 36.3 18,542 13,334 39.1 841,598 629,239 33.7
Not Comparable 4412 Deep sea freight transportation 487 334 45.8 11,570,718 8,490,470 36.3 18,542 13,334 39.1 841,598 629,239 33.7
  442 Coastal and intercoastal freight transportation 292 281 3.9 3,114,639 3,457,663 -9.9 12,547 13,464 -6.8 538,088 518,623 3.8
Not Comparable 4424 Coastal and intercoastal freight transportation 292 281 3.9 3,114,639 3,457,663 -9.9 12,547 13,464 -6.8 538,088 518,623 3.8
  443 Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway freight transportation 32 26 23.1 519,863 559,187 -7.0 1,614 1,255 28.6 109,804 81,347 35.0
Not Comparable 4432 Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway freight transportation 32 26 23.1 519,863 559,187 -7.0 1,614 1,255 28.6 109,804 81,347 35.0
  444 Inland waterways freight transportation 222 195 13.8 2,821,121 2,196,881 28.4 10,628 9,176 15.8 396,093 293,390 35.0
Not Comparable 4449 Inland waterways freight transportation 222 195 13.8 2,821,121 2,196,881 28.4 10,628 9,176 15.8 396,093 293,390 35.0
  448 Water transportation of passengers 1,089 1,033 5.4 5,244,361 4,132,926 26.9 27,789 23,308 19.2 738,709 507,753 45.5
Not Comparable 4481 Deep sea passenger transportation, except by ferry 144 72 100.0 3,997,740 3,268,465 22.3 13,189 12,503 5.5 400,146 275,067 45.5
Not Comparable 4482 Ferry transportation 137 118 16.1 214,485 154,668 38.7 1,896 1,791 5.9 70,754 50,824 39.2
Not Comparable 4489 Water transportation of passengers, not elsewhere classified 808 843 -4.2 1,032,136 709,793 45.4 12,704 9,014 40.9 267,809 181,862 47.3
  449 Services incidental to water transportation 7,092 6,278 13.0 11,908,409 10,370,087 14.8 107,440 110,777 -3.0 3,705,482 3,139,844 18.0
Not Comparable 4491 Marine cargo handling and operation of port and waterfront terminals 791 871 -9.2 5,345,368 5,066,178 5.5 55,265 58,840 -6.1 2,179,045 1,841,419 18.3
Not Comparable 4492 Towing and tugboat services 814 941 -13.5 2,623,493 2,681,907 -2.2 20,553 24,639 -16.6 682,842 689,085 -0.9
Not Comparable 4493 Marinas 4,217 3,348 26.0 2,541,481 1,651,400 53.9 22,765 17,913 27.1 516,589 345,922 49.3
Not Comparable 4499 Other water transportation services 1,270 1,118 13.6 1,398,067 970,602 44.0 8,857 9,385 -5.6 327,006 263,418 24.1
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  45 Transportation by air %% 11,455 N N 47,386,832 N N 362,411 N N 10,404,528 N N
  451 Scheduled air transportation and air courier services %% 4,939 N N 33,288,660 N N 211,784 N N 6,516,426 N N
Not Comparable 4512 Scheduled air transportation %% 1,798 1,681 7.0 16,284,929 12,360,208 31.8 65,988 70,514 -6.4 1,920,912 1,961,918 -2.1
Not Comparable 4513 Air courier services 3,141 2,639 19.0 17,003,731 11,012,662 54.4 145,796 99,021 47.2 4,595,514 2,935,251 56.6
  452 Nonscheduled air transportation 2,176 N N 4,748,024 N N 29,417 N N 1,006,804 N N
Not Comparable 4522 Nonscheduled air transportation 2,176 N N 4,748,024 N N 29,417 N N 1,006,804 N N
  458 Airport terminal services 4,340 3,252 33.5 9,350,148 6,167,556 51.6 121,210 79,953 51.6 2,881,298 1,796,333 60.4
Not Comparable 4581 Airport terminal services 4,340 3,252 33.5 9,350,148 6,167,556 51.6 121,210 79,953 51.6 2,881,298 1,796,333 60.4
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  46 Pipelines, except natural gas 861 844 2.0 7,210,159 7,063,056 2.1 13,491 16,779 -19.6 789,626 821,085 -3.8
  461 Pipelines, except natural gas 861 844 2.0 7,210,159 7,063,056 2.1 13,491 16,779 -19.6 789,626 821,085 -3.8
Not Comparable 4612 Pipeline transportation of crude oil 382 405 -5.7 4,364,552 4,409,247 -1.0 7,960 10,355 -23.1 479,510 531,135 -9.7
Not Comparable 4613 Pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products 448 358 25.1 2,516,124 2,009,975 25.2 5,156 5,578 -7.6 290,125 251,939 15.2
Not Comparable 4619 All other pipeline transportation 31 81 -61.7 329,483 643,834 -48.8 375 846 -55.7 19,991 38,011 -47.4
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  47 Transportation services 52,409 46,593 12.5 D 23,889,855 N (100,000+) 329,202 N D 7,850,337 N
  472 Arrangement of passenger transportation 33,825 31,793 6.4 16,959,304 10,572,781 60.4 242,756 192,981 25.8 6,341,530 3,921,219 61.7
Not Comparable 4724 Travel agencies 29,332 27,688 5.9 9,977,110 6,964,364 43.3 183,178 149,140 22.8 4,463,903 2,835,511 57.4
Not Comparable 4725 Tour operators 3,501 3,008 16.4 2,782,285 1,864,754 49.2 38,574 30,519 26.4 1,034,433 690,202 49.9
Not Comparable 4729 Arrangement of passenger transportation, not elsewhere classified 992 1,097 -9.6 4,199,909 1,743,663 140.9 21,004 13,322 57.7 843,194 395,506 113.2
  473 Freight shipping services 15,994 12,553 27.4 16,392,866 9,158,618 79.0 143,126 106,979 33.8 5,067,614 3,232,854 56.8
Not Comparable 4731 Freight shipping services 15,994 12,553 27.4 16,392,866 9,158,618 79.0 143,126 106,979 33.8 5,067,614 3,232,854 56.8
  474 Railroad car rental 124 125 -0.8 D 1,881,144 N (1000-2499) 1,926 N D 84,544 N
Not Comparable 4741 Railroad car rental 124 125 -0.8 D 1,881,144 N (1000-2499) 1,926 N D 84,544 N
  478 Miscellaneous services incidental to transportation 2,466 2,122 16.2 D 2,277,312 N (25k-49999) 27,316 N D 611,720 N
Not Comparable 4783 Packing and crating 795 835 -4.8 D 522,478 N (5000-9999) 8,123 N D 154,523 N
Not Comparable 4785 Fixed facilities, inspection, and weighing services 382 263 45.2 347,066 221,031 57.0 3,728 2,810 32.7 121,277 64,957 86.7
Not Comparable 4789 Transportation services, not elsewhere classified 1,289 1,024 25.9 D 1,533,803 N (25k-49999) 16,383 N D 392,240 N
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  48 Communications 44,319 39,244 12.9 349,179,976 230,667,167 51.4 1,450,043 1,294,236 12.0 64,017,738 47,057,941 36.0
  481 Telephone 28,783 24,730 16.4 256,130,797 171,580,095 49.3 999,954 928,245 7.7 46,899,659 35,900,576 30.6
Not Comparable 4812 Radiotelephone 6,497 3,063 112.1 38,271,339 12,269,735 211.9 147,845 61,077 142.1 5,950,128 2,091,368 184.5
Not Comparable 4813 Other telephone 22,286 21,667 2.9 217,859,458 159,310,360 36.8 852,109 867,168 -1.7 40,949,531 33,809,208 21.1
  482 Telegraph communications 183 489 -62.6 177,571 988,142 -82.0 1,483 5,536 -73.2 51,262 217,800 -76.5
Not Comparable 4822 Telegraph communications 183 489 -62.6 177,571 988,142 -82.0 1,483 5,536 -73.2 51,262 217,800 -76.5
  483 Radio and television broadcasting 8,789 8,549 2.8 40,425,210 28,228,942 43.2 249,715 221,755 12.6 9,868,917 6,976,376 41.5
Not Comparable 4832 Radio broadcasting 6,894 6,956 -0.9 10,648,134 6,865,419 55.1 126,673 112,385 12.7 3,604,481 2,547,700 41.5
Not Comparable 4833 Television broadcasting 1,895 1,593 19.0 29,777,076 21,363,523 39.4 123,042 109,370 12.5 6,264,436 4,428,676 41.5
  484 Cable and other pay television broadcasting 4,679 4,468 4.7 45,389,578 27,512,100 65.0 174,351 128,963 35.2 6,151,186 3,558,691 72.8
Not Comparable 4841 Cable and other pay television broadcasting 4,679 4,468 4.7 45,389,578 27,512,100 65.0 174,351 128,963 35.2 6,151,186 3,558,691 72.8
  489 Communication services, not elsewhere classified 1,885 1,008 87.0 7,056,820 2,357,888 199.3 24,540 9,737 152.0 1,046,714 404,498 158.8
Not Comparable 4899 Communication services, not elsewhere classified 1,885 1,008 87.0 7,056,820 2,357,888 199.3 24,540 9,737 152.0 1,046,714 404,498 158.8
Com-
para-
bility
SIC 1987 SIC Description Establishments Revenue
($1,000)
Paid employees Annual payroll
($1,000)
1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg 1997 1992 % chg
  49 Electric, gas, and sanitary services 22,323 20,049 11.3 447,910,204 310,961,224 44.0 835,917 915,012 -8.6 41,886,213 39,155,155 7.0
  491 Electric services 6,212 5,374 15.6 169,783,807 145,585,669 16.6 359,235 425,285 -15.5 19,103,847 18,818,272 1.5
Not Comparable 4911 Electric services 6,212 5,374 15.6 169,783,807 145,585,669 16.6 359,235 425,285 -15.5 19,103,847 18,818,272 1.5
  492 Gas production and distribution 3,931 3,968 -0.9 D 75,742,330 N (100,000+) 147,923 N D 6,172,159 N
  493 Combination utility services 1,989 1,814 9.6 D 70,702,898 N (100,000+) 222,223 N D 10,597,189 N
  494 Water supply 3,721 3,453 7.8 4,347,227 3,188,291 36.3 26,597 23,681 12.3 800,537 620,000 29.1
Not Comparable 4941 Water supply 3,721 3,453 7.8 4,347,227 3,188,291 36.3 26,597 23,681 12.3 800,537 620,000 29.1
  495 Sanitary services 6,056 5,064 19.6 17,165,878 15,156,045 13.3 103,025 92,467 11.4 3,559,546 2,839,499 25.4
  496 Steam and air-conditioning supply 83 69 20.3 573,063 479,823 19.4 1,767 1,647 7.3 80,995 69,796 16.0
Not Comparable 4961 Steam and air-conditioning supply 83 69 20.3 573,063 479,823 19.4 1,767 1,647 7.3 80,995 69,796 16.0
  497 Irrigation systems 331 307 7.8 106,608 106,168 0.4 1,336 1,786 -25.2 24,871 38,240 -35.0
Not Comparable 4971 Irrigation systems 331 307 7.8 106,608 106,168 0.4 1,336 1,786 -25.2 24,871 38,240 -35.0
N=Comparable data not available D=Withheld to avoid disclosure
%% Data do not include large certificated passenger carriers that report to the Office of Airline Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Transportation
** Railroad transportation and U.S. Postal Service industries are out of scope for the 1997 Economic Census

Comparability between SIC and NAICS   Bridge symbols indicate the comparability of SIC and NAICS categories, and link to detail in the Bridge Between NAICS and SIC.
(Bridge complete.) Comparable SIC derivable from NAICS data.
(Drawbridge slightly open.) Almost comparable Sales or receipts from NAICS are within 3% of SIC sales or receipts.
(Drawbridge open.) Not comparable SIC sales or receipts cannot be estimated within 3% from NAICS data.

Top: 2-digit SIC table All-sector table Data in formats for downloading PDF report

- Source: 1997 Economic Census, Comparative Statistics   - Questions?
Last revised: July 13, 2011