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This area is meant to provide a summary of the legal information concerning the Economic Census. It addresses the legal responsibility of responding to the census forms, and the protections guaranteed to your company.
Confidentiality of Reported Data
Title 13 U.S. Code provides complete protection for all reported
information. Only sworn U.S. Census Bureau employees will see individual
company information; and only for the development of statistical totals
and summaries. Our publications provide no information about individual
Legal Authority to Conduct the Economic Census and Mandatory Reporting
Federal courts have consistently upheld the authority of Congress to pass laws that require censuses in areas other than population. Since in some instances the failure of a few companies to report in a census can greatly impact the value of the statistics, Title 13 of the U.S. Code makes reporting in these censuses mandatory.
Section 131 of Title 13 directs that the economic census be taken at
5-year intervals covering years ending in 2 and 7. Section 224 of this law
requires your response to the census and articulates the penalties for
failing to do so.
Penalties for Not Reporting Data
According to Section
224 of Title 13 United States Code:
Use of Data Your company Reported to Other Government Agencies
We make extensive use of administrative information from other
government agencies in order to help reduce your reporting burden. These
provide basic data - total receipts, total payroll, and total employment -
needed to produce statistics for geographic areas and types of businesses.
Exemptions from Reporting Data
Congress has enacted legislation (Title 13) which requires the completion of the forms we sent your company. Because of the mandatory reporting requirement in this law, no company can be excused from reporting.
Full Text of Laws
The following links are provided for additional information only.
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