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1990 Census Gazetteer Files

This page provides links to 1990 Census gazetteer files for counties, minor civil divisions (MCDs), places and ZIP codes.

Notes:

  • All files are in compressed format.
  • The vintage of the geography in these files is as of 1990 Census (that is, as of January 1, 1990 ).
  • The county and ZIP code files are for the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  • The places and Minor Civil Divisions files are for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas.

Counties

The Counties file contains all counties in the U.S. as of the 1990 Census. This is a tab delimited ASCII text file with one line per record.There are 3,141 records.

Download the National Counties Gazetteer File (113KB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2State FIPS Code
Columns 6-8County FIPS Code
Columns 10-75Name. Includes name of county . Counties don't have a type, but do have the word "County" as part of the name.
Columns 77-78 State Abbreviation
Columns 80-88Total Population (1990)
Columns 90-98 Number of Housing Units (1990)
Columns 100-109 Land area included (in thousandths of a square kilometer)
Columns 111-120 Water area included (in thousandths of a square kilometer)
Columns 122-130 Latitude (millionths of a degree: 10^6 units=1 deg). First character is (+) or (-), denoting N or S latitude, respectively.
Columns 132-141 Longitude (millionths of a degree). First character is (+) or (-), denoting E or W longitude, respectively.

Minor Civil Divisions

The MCDs file contains all MCDs and CCDs (county subdivisions record type 060) places in the U.S. as of the 1990 Census and is tab delimited ASCII text with one line per record.There are 36,289 records.

Download the National Minor Civil Divisions Gazetteer File (1.2MB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2State FIPS Code
Columns 4-8County Subdivision FIPS Code
Columns 10-75Name. Includes name of place/county and type of place (either city, town, borough, village, or CDP).
Columns 77-78State Abbreviation
Columns 80-88Total Population (1990)
Columns 90-98Number of Housing Units (1990)
Columns 100-109Land area included (in thousandths of a square kilometer)
Columns 111-120Water area included (in thousandths of a square kilometer)
Columns 122-130Latitude (millionths of a degree: 10^6 units=1 deg). First character is (+) or (-), denoting N or S latitude, respectively.
Columns 132-141Longitude (millionths of a degree). First character is (+) or (-), denoting E or W longitude, respectively.
Columns 143-145County FIPS Code

Places

The Place file contains all places in the U.S. and outlying areas (excluding MCDs and CCDs) as of the 1990 Census, and is a tab delimited ASCII text file with one line per record.There are 23,789 records. Some records contain special characters.

Download the National Places Gazetteer Files (772KB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2State FIPS Code
Columns 4-8Place FIPS Code (for places.txt unique ID for each place)
Columns 10-75 Name. Includes name of place and type (either city, town, borough, village, or CDP).
Columns 77-78State Abbreviation
Columns 80-88Total Population (1990)
Columns 90-98Number of Housing Units (1990)
Columns 100-109Land area included (in thousandths of a square kilometer)
Columns 111-120Water area included (in thousandths of a square kilometer)
Columns 122-130Latitude (millionths of a degree: 10^6 units=1 deg). First character is (+) or (-), denoting N or S latitude, respectively.
Columns 132-141Longitude (millionths of a degree). First character is (+) or (-), denoting E or W longitude, respectively.

ZIP Code

The 1990 Zip Code by State file is a comma delimited ASCII text file with one record per line. There are 29,470 records.

Download the ZIP Code Gazetteer File (671KB)

FieldDescription
Field 1 State Fips Code
Field 25-digit Zipcode
Field 3State Abbreviation
Field 4Zip Code Name
Field 5 Longitude in Decimal Degrees (West is assumed, no minus sign)
Field 6 Latitude in Decimal Degrees (North is assumed, no plus sign)
Field 71990 Population (100%)
Field 8 Allocation Factor (decimal portion of state within zipcode)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Geography | (301) 763-1128 |  Last Revised: July 03, 2013