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Census 2000 Gazetteer Files

This page provides links to Census 2000 gazetteer files for counties, county subdivisions (minor civil divisions/census county divisions), places, census tracts, and ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The files are extractions from the Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF1).  

Notes:

  • All files are in compressed format.
  • The Island Areas (American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) are not included in these files.
  • The vintage of the geography in these files is as of Census 2000 (that is, as of January 1, 2000).
  • Because of changes in boundaries and entity names, as well as the creation of new entities, and the dissolution of others, users should not expect to find a "one-to-one" relationship between the entity names and codes in these files and the comparable 1990 Census files.
  • ZCTAs are statistical entities developed by the U.S. Census Bureau for tabulating summary statistics from Census 2000. This new entity was developed to overcome the difficulties in precisely defining the land area covered by each ZIP Code. For further details see the ZIP Code Tabulation Areas page. Please note that the Census Bureau does not have U.S. Postal Service ZIP Code products.

Census Tracts

The Census Tract file contains data for all 2000 Census Tracts in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico as of the January 1, 2000. The file is tab-delimited text, one line per record. There are 66,304 records.

Download the National Census Tracts Gazetteer File (2MB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2 United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Columns 3-4 State Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code
Columns 5-7 FIPS county code
Columns 8-13 Census Tract Number
Columns 14-22 Total Population (2000)
Columns 23-31 Total Housing Units (2000)
Columns 32-45 Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 46-59 Water Area(square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 60-73 Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 74-87 Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 88-101 Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Columns 102-116 Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

Counties

The counties file contains data for primary legal divisions or statistically equivalent entities in the 50 states, District of Columbia and Puerto Rico as of Census 2000. The file is tab-delimited text, one line per record. There are 3,219 records. Some records contain special characters.

Download the National Counties Gazetteer File (158KB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2 United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Columns 3-4 State Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code
Columns 5-7 FIPS county code
Columns 8-71 Name
Columns 72-80 Total Population (2000)
Columns 81-89 Total Housing Units (2000)
Columns 90-103 Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 104-117 Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 118-129 Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 130-141 Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 142-151 Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Columns 152-162 Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

County Subdivisions

The county subdivision file contains data for all county subdivisions in the 50 states, District of Columbia and Puerto Rico as of Census 2000. The file is ASCII text, one line per record. There are 36,351 records. Some records contain special characters.

Download the National County Subdivisions Gazetteer File (1MB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2 United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Columns 3-4 State Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code/td>
Columns 5-7 FIPS county code/td>
Columns 8-12 FIPS county subdivision code/td>
Columns 13-76 Name/td>
Columns 77-85 Total Population (2000)/td>
Columns 86-94 Total Housing Units (2000)/td>
Columns 95-108 Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only./td>
Columns 109-122 Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only./td>
Columns 123-134 Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only./td>
Columns 135-146 Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only./td>
Columns 147-156 Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively/td>
Columns 157-167 Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively/td>

Places

The places file contains data for all incorporated places and census designated places (CDPs) in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico as of the January 1, 2000. The file is ASCII text, one line per record. There are 25,375 records. Some records contain special characters.

Download the National Places Gazetteer Files (1MB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2 United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Columns 3-4 State Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code
Columns 5-9 Place FIPS Code
Columns 10-73 Name
Columns 74-82 Total Population (2000)
Columns 83-91 Total Housing Units (2000)
Columns 92-105 Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 106-119 Water Area(square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 120-131 Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 132-143 Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 144-153 Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Columns 154-164 Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

The ZIP Code Tabulation Area file contains data for all ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico as of the January 1, 2000. The file is ASCII text, one line per record. There are 33,233 records.

Download the ZIP Code Tabulation Areas Gazetteer File (1MB)

ColumnsDescription
Columns 1-2United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Columns 3-66 Name (e.g. 35004 5-Digit ZCTA - there are no post office names)
Columns 67-75 Total Population (2000)
Columns 76-84 Total Housing Units (2000)
Columns 85-98 Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 99-112 Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 113-124 Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 125-136 Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only.
Columns 137-146 Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Columns 147-157 Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Geography | (301) 763-1128 |  Last Revised: April 03, 2013