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2012 U.S. Gazetteer Files

This page provides links to the 2012 gazetteer files for counties, county subdivisions (minor civil divisions/census county divisions), places, census tracts, congressional districts (112th), American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Areas, school districts (elementary, secondary, and unified), state legislative districts (upper and lower), ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs), and urban areas for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.  

Notes:

  • All national files are in compressed format.
  • Files are tab-delimited text, one line per record unless other noted.
  • Population and housing unit counts are not included in these files.
  • Data are available for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of January 1, 2012 unless otherwise noted.
  • The Island Areas (American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) are not included in these files.
  • The geography in these files matches the 2012 American Community Survey data (that is, as of January 1, 2012).
  • Because of changes in boundaries and entity names, as well as the creation of new entities, and the dissolution of others, users should not expect to find a "one-to-one" relationship between the entity names and codes in these files and the comparable 2010 Census, Census 2000 or 1990 Census files.

112th Congressional Districts

The congressional district file contains data for the 112th Congress (January 2011 to January 2013).

Download the 112th Congressional Districts Gazetteer Files (17KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and district number)
Column 3 ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 4AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 8INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Areas

Download the American Indian /Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Areas Gazetteer File (15KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (AIANNHCE)
Column 2 ANSICODE American National Standards Institute code
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 9 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Areas - Reservations Only

Download the American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Areas - Reservations Only Gazetteer File (27KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (AIANNHCE)
Column 2 ANSICODE American National Standards Institute code
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 9 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Areas - Trust Lands Only

Download the American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Areas - Trust Lands Only Gazetteer File (9KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (AIANNHCE)
Column 2 ANSICODE American National Standards Institute code
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 9 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

Census Tracts

The 2012 census tract file contains data as of the 2010 Census, with a few updates based on small boundary corrections.

Download the National Census Tracts Gazetteer File (2MB)

Download the State-Based Census Tracts Gazetteer Files:

  


ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS, County FIPS, census tract number)
Column 3ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 4AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 8INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

Counties

Some records contain special characters.

Download the National Counties Gazetteer File (143KB)

Download State-Based Counties Gazetteer Files:

  


ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and County FIPS)
Column 3 ANSICODE American National Standards Institute code
Column 4NAME Name
Column 5ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 9INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 10 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

County Subdivisions

Some records contain special characters.

Download the National County Subdivisions Gazetteer File (1.5MB)

Download State-Based County Subdivisions Gazetteer Files:

  


ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS, County FIPS, County Subdivision FIPS)
Column 3ANSICODE American National Standards Institute code
Column 4NAME Name
Column 5 FUNCSTAT Functional status of entity
Column 6ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 9AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 10INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 11 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

Places

Some records contain special characters.

Download the National Places Gazetteer Files (1.1MB)

Download the State-Based Places Gazetteer Files:

  


ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and Place FIPS)
Column 3 ANSICODE American National Standards Insititute code
Column 4NAME Name
Column 5 LSAD Legal/Statistical area descriptor
Column 6 FUNCSTAT Functional status of entity
Column 7ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 9ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 10AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 11INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 12INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

School Districts - Elementary

The school districts - elementary file contains data for elementary school districts in 24 states and are from the 2011-2012 school year. The 2011-2012 school districts represent districts in operation as of January 1, 2012. The states represented in the file are: Arizona, California, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia and Wisconsin.

Download the School Districts - Elementary Gazetteer File (91KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and local education agency number)
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4LOGRADE Lowest Grade Provided
Column 5HIGRADE Highest Grade Provided
Column 6ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 9AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 10 INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 11 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

School Districts - Secondary

The school districts - secondary file contains data for secondary school districts in 19 states and are from the 2011-2012 school year. The 2011-2012 school districts represent districts in operation as of January 1, 2012. The states represented in the file are: Arizona, California, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont and Wisconsin.

Download the School Districts - Secondary Gazetteer File (24KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and local education agency number)
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4LOGRADE Lowest Grade Provided
Column 5HIGRADE Highest Grade Provided
Column 6ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 9AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 10 INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 11 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

School Districts - Unified

The school districts - unified file contains data for unified school districts in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico and are from the 2011-2012 school year. The 2011-2012 school districts represent districts in operation as of January 1, 2012.

Download the School Districts - Unified Gazetteer File (591KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and local education agency number)
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4LOGRADE Lowest Grade Provided
Column 5HIGRADE Highest Grade Provided
Column 6ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 9AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 10 INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 11 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

State Legislative Districts - Lower Chamber

The state legislative districts - lower chamber file contains data for state legislative districts - lower chamber in the 49 states and Puerto Rico as of the 2010 Census, with a few updates based on small boundary corrections. Note: Nebraska and the District of Columbia do not have state legislative district - lower chamber in the file.

Download the State Legislative Districts - Lower Gazetteer File (170KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and district number)
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8 INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 9 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

State Legislative Districts - Upper Chamber

The state legislative districts - upper chamber file contains data as of the 2010 Census, with a few updates based on small boundary corrections. Some records contain special characters.

Download the State Legislative Districts - Upper Gazetteer Files (73KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1USPS United States Postal Service State Abbreviation
Column 2GEOID Geographic Identifier - fully concatenated geographic code (State FIPS and district number)
Column 3NAME Name
Column 4ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8 INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 9 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

Urban Areas

Some records contain special characters.

Download the Urban Areas Gazetteer File (141KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1 GEOID Five digit Urban Area Census Code
Column 2 NAME Name
Column 3 UATYPE Urban Area Type
C = Urban Cluster
U = Urbanized Area
Column 4 ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5 AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6 ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 7 AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 8 INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 9 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

Download the ZIP Code Tabulation Areas Gazetteer File (984KB)

ColumnLabelDescription
Column 1 GEOID Five digit ZIP Code Tabulation Area Census Code
Column 2 ALAND Land Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 3 AWATER Water Area (square meters) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 4 ALAND_SQMI Land Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 5 AWATER_SQMI Water Area (square miles) - Created for statistical purposes only
Column 6 INTPTLAT Latitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting North or South latitude respectively
Column 7 INTPTLONG Longitude (decimal degrees) First character is blank or "-" denoting East or West longitude respectively

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Geography | (301) 763-1128 |  Last Revised: November 08, 2013