Introducing a new way to navigate by topics. Access the latest news, data, publications and more around topics of interest.
Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population estimates and projections.
This section provides information on a range of educational topics, from educational attainment and school enrollment to school districts, costs and financing.
We measure the state of the nations workforce, including employment and unemployment levels, weeks and hours worked, occupations, and commuting.
Our statistics highlight trends in household and family composition, describe characteristics of the residents of housing units, and show how they are related.
Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
We measure the housing and construction industry, track homeownership rates, and produce statistics on the physical and financial characteristics of our homes.
The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the Federal, state and local governments as well as voting, redistricting, apportionment and congressional affairs.
Search an alphabetical index of keywords and phrases to access Census Bureau statistics, publications, products, services, data, and data tools.
Geography provides the framework for Census Bureau survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Find resources on how to use geographic data and products with statistical data, educational blog postings, and presentations.
The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Find geographic data and products such as Shapefiles, KMLs, TIGERweb, boundary files, geographic relationship files, and reference and thematic maps.
Metropolitan and micropolitan areas are geographic entities used by Federal statistical agencies in collecting, tabulating, and publishing Federal statistics.
Find information about specific partnership programs and learn more about our partnerships with other organizations.
Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
We conduct research on geographic topics such as how to define geographic areas and how geography changes over time.
Visit our library of Census Bureau multimedia files. Collection formats include audio, video, mobile apps, images, and publications.
Official audio files from the Census Bureau, including "Profile America," a daily series of bite-sized statistics, placing current data in a historical context.
Infographics include information on the Census Bureau's history of data collection, our nation's veterans and the American Community Survey.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Access data through products and tools including data visualizations, mobile apps, interactive web apps and other software.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Learn more about our data from this collection of e-tutorials, presentations, webinars and other training materials. Sign up for training sessions.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Learn how we serve the public as the most reliable source of data about the nation's people and economy.
Information about the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about what we do at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
Our surveys provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decisionmaking.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about the current field vacancies available at the U.S. Census Bureau Regional Offices.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Profile America is a daily, 60-second feature that uses interesting vignettes for that day to highlight information collected by the Census Bureau.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
|2010 Census Population:||4,779,736 (23rd)|
|Land Area:||50,645.3 square miles (28th)|
|Density:||94.4 persons per square mile (27th)|
|Became a State:||December 14, 1819 (22nd)|
|Bordering States:||Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee|
The area of Alabama north of the 31st parallel was part of the original territory of the United States. The northern two-thirds were a part of Georgia until 1802. The southern one-third of the territory north of the 31st parallel was unorganized until 1798 with the creation of Mississippi Territory. The United States claimed the territory south of the 31st parallel as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, but did not formally acquire this territory from Spain until 1812. Alabama Territory was organized from the eastern part of Mississippi Territory on March 3, 1817, with generally the same boundary as the present state.
Although the territory had not yet been legally established, census data for Alabama are available beginning with the 1800 census. The 1800 population shown for Alabama is for that portion of the present state north of the 31st parallel that was part of Mississippi Territory; it does not include population in the area claimed by Georgia. The 1810 population shown is for all of the present state north of the 31st parallel. The population of the entire legally established Mississippi Territory (of which the area of Alabama was a part) was 40,352 in 1810 and 8,550 in 1800.
Data for the legally established state of Alabama are available beginning with the 1820 census.
AMERICAN INDIAN AREAS
Alabama has one federally recognized American Indian area reservation and off reservation trust land, one state recognized reservation, and six state designated tribal statistical areas.
METROPOLITAN AND MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND RELATED STATISTICAL AREAS
Alabama has 12 metropolitan statistical areas, 13 micropolitan statistical areas, and 7 combined statistical areas.
There are 67 counties in Alabama. Each county is governed by a county commission.
There are 390 county subdivisions in Alabama. They are all census county divisions (CCDs), which are delineated for statistical purposes, have no legal function, and are not governmental units. CCDs were first established for the 1960 census. Prior to 1960, the minor civil divisions (MCDs) used in the census included election precincts, beats, and land survey townships.
Alabama has 578 places; 460 incorporated places and 118 census designated places (CDPs). The incorporated places consist of 167 cities and 293 towns. Cities have a minimum population threshold of 2,000 people and towns have between 300 and 1,999 people. A minimum population of 300 is required to incorporate in Alabama.
CENSUS TRACTS/BLOCK GROUPS/BLOCKS
Alabama has 1,181 census tracts, 3,438 block groups, and 252,266 census blocks.
For the 111th Congress (January 2009-January 2011), Alabama had seven congressional districts. For the 113th Congress (January 2013-January 2015), Alabama continues to have seven congressional districts as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census.
Alabama has 134 unified school districts. The Department of Defense runs two of the unified school districts in Alabama.
STATE LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS
There are 35 state senate districts and 105 state house districts in Alabama.
Alabama has 73 urban areas; 14 urbanized areas and 59 urban clusters.
ZIP CODE TABULATION AREAS
There are 645 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Alabama.
|Year||North Latitude||West Longitude|
|20106||33° 00′ 29″||86° 45′ 25″|
|20006||33° 00′ 05″||86° 45′ 58″|
|19905||32° 59′ 48″||86° 46′ 27″|
|19804||32° 59′ 32″||86° 46′ 30″|
|19703||32° 59′ 28″||86° 46′ 39″|
|19603||32° 57′ 16″||86° 47′ 32″|
|19503||32° 47′ 09″||86° 46′ 41″|
|19402||32° 59′ 25″||86° 45′ 13″|
|19302||32° 59′ 01″||86° 44′ 36″|
|19201||32° 57′ 26″||86° 43′ 21″|
|19101||32° 54′ 07″||86° 42′ 29″|
|19001||32° 53′ 13″||86° 42′ 18″|
|18901||32° 54′ 38″||86° 44′ 46″|
|18801||32° 51′ 09″||86° 43′ 16″|
1 Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1923
2 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, recomputation for historical county level data which relied upon aggregate county level population data with an estimated county centroid resulting in a possible error of up to one mile.
3 Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Centers of Population for States and Counties, 1974
4 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division, recomputation from archived national block group/enumeration area data resulting in a possible error of up to 1,000 feet.
5 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division, recomputation from archived national block group data resulting in a possible error of up to 1,000 feet.
6 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, computation from national block-level data
(Persons per square mile)
|County||Jefferson County||658,466||Baldwin County||1,589.78||Jefferson County||592.5|
|- Inc Place||Birmingham city||212,237||Huntsville city||209.05||Fairfield city||3,202.6|
|- CDP||Tillmans Corner CDP||17,398||Pine Level CDP||24.81||Grayson Valley CDP||2,871.7|
See the Gazetteer Files for a list of geographic entities. See the Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas page for a list of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas and related statistical areas.