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Census.govPeople and Households Child Care Main Data on Child Care

Data on Child Care

Child care data can be found from a variety of sources. These sources are listed below with brief descriptions to help you decide which data source would best suit your needs. Availability of data by time and geography are highlighted in the sections below.

American Community Survey

The American Community Survey (ACS) is an annual national survey collected monthly which provides communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data every year. Annual data on nursery and preschool enrollment are available for the U.S., states, metropolitan area, and more specific geographic areas that meet minimum population sizes for the given survey year.

There are over a thousand detailed tables in AFF. Data on child care are available from 2000 to present.

Current Population Survey

SIPP is the primary source of child care data available from the Census, a number of historical child care products are available from the Current Population Survey. Current Information regarding school enrollment (including nursery school) can be found under school enrollment.

Data on child care are available from 1974 to the present.

Survey of Income and Program Participation

Information on child care costs and arrangements are collected on an intermittent basis in the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The Survey of Income and Program Participation is currently the only source the Census Bureau uses to collect child care information from families.

Data on child care are available from 1985 to the present.

Census of Service Industries

Census of Service Industries provides periodic and comprehensive data about service establishements and their activities. Data for three main types of child care establishments are provided: (1) nonemployer businesses (e.g., family daycare); (2) establishments with an employee payroll that pay income taxes (e.g. ,a for profit child care center); and (3) establishements with an employee payroll that are tax-exempt (e.g. a non-profit based center).

Data on child care are available from 1977 to the present.

Other Sources of Data on Child Care

Additional information on how to access child care data from Census sources and related Census Briefs and working papers.


Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Child Care |  Last Revised: October 04, 2011