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Geographical Mobility: March 1993 to March 1994 Highlights

This report provides detailed statistics on the geographical mobility of Americans based on data collected in the March 1994 Current Population Survey (CPS). The report includes analytical text and 150 pages of detailed tables. The report (P20-485) can be purchased from GPO or from Population Division. Also see tables "Migration -- Historical Time Series" on the menu.

  • Nearly 43 million Americans moved in the 1-year period between March 1993 and March 1994. This amounted to 16.7 percent of the population 1 year old and over.
  • The overall rate of moving (16.7 percent) was not significantly different than the rate one year earlier (16.8 percent in 1992-93) and is similar to the rates found most years during the early 1980's.
  • Most movers stay in the same county. In fact, nearly two-thirds of the movers between March 1993 and March 1994 (10.4 percent of the total population) made such a "local" move.
  • The highest rates of moving are found among young adults in their twenties. Over one-third of persons 20 to 24 years old (35.6 percent) moved in the previous year. This rate is twice the annual rate found for all persons 1 year and over (16.7 percent). Persons 25 to 29 have nearly as high a rate of moving as persons in their early twenties; 30.7 percent moved in the previous year. Moving rates continue to decline as age increases.
  • Whites have lower overall rates of moving (16.0 percent) than either Blacks (19.6 percent) or persons of Hispanic origin (22.4 percent).
  • About one-third of persons living in renter-occupied housing units in March 1994 had moved in the previous year (32.6 percent). In contrast, fewer than one in 10 persons in owner-occupied housing units had moved in the same period (8.9 percent).
  • Both the South and the West had higher overall mobility rates than the national average; 18.1 percent of Southerners and 20.2 percent of Westerners had moved in the previous year.
  • The suburbs were the big winners in the migration game. Between 1993 and 1994, central cities lost 2,936,000 persons due to migration while the suburbs gained 2,850,000 movers.
  • Movers from abroad appear to prefer metropolitan locations. Only 150,000 movers from abroad went to nonmetropolitan areas while 1,095,000 went to metropolitan areas. More movers from abroad ended up in the suburbs (648,000 persons) than in central cities (447,000 persons).
  • Over half (24,257,000) of all movers stayed in the same metropolitan area.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Geographical Mobility/Migration |  Last Revised: 2012-05-22T13:29:31.675-04:00