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Census.govPopulation Poverty - Experimental Measures Main Experimental Poverty Measures Data › Supplemental Poverty Measure

Supplemental Poverty Measure Public Use Research Files

These files enable researchers to replicate the estimates for the Supplemental Poverty Measure described in reports P60-251, P60-247, P60-244 and P60-241(The Research Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2013, 2012, 2011, and 2010). All five files use Census 2010-based population controls. The 2009 and 2010 research files include tax estimates that differ slightly from those used to create the tables published in P60-241 (The Research Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2010).

Data Dictionary [PDF - 260k]

READ ME File [DOCX - 15k]- contains weighted and unweighted poverty counts from each file.

2013 Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research File [created using the 2014 CPS ASEC]

2012 Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research File [created using the 2013 CPS ASEC] [Revised March 2014]

2011 Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research File [created using the 2012 CPS ASEC] [Revised March 2014]

2010 Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research File [created using the 2011 CPS ASEC] [Revised March 2014]

2009 Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research File [created using the 2010 CPS ASEC] [Revised March 2014]

Public-use files to replicate the NAS-based poverty measures described in report P60-227 (Alternative Poverty Estimates in the United States: 2003) are posted at

Extract files with replicate weights using the Census 2010-based population controls for the 2011 and 2010 CPS ASEC can be downloaded from

The March 2014 revised data files for 2009, 2010 and 2011 include revised estimates for the value of benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and revised poverty status indicators using the new WIC estimates in the resource calculation. For details of the changes made to the WIC estimates see Macartney (2013). Each file also contains the old WIC estimates and the poverty status using the old WIC estimates.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Poverty - Experimental Measures |  Last Revised: May 06, 2015