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The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
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Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
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Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
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The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
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Profile America is a daily, 60-second feature that uses interesting vignettes for that day to highlight information collected by the Census Bureau.
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See what's coming up in releases and reports.
Supplemental Poverty Measure: Using Regional Price Parities to Adjust Poverty Thresholds [PDF - 776k]
Trudi Renwick, U.S. Census Bureau, Bettina Aten, Eric Figueroa and Troy Martin, Bureau of Economic Analysis (March 2014)
Supplemental Poverty Measure Thresholds: Imputing School Lunch and WIC Benefits to the Consumer Expenditure Survey Using the Current Population Survey [PDF - 483k]
Charles Hokayem, U.S. Census Bureau and Thesia I. Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics (May 2012)
Supplemental Poverty Measure Thresholds: Imputing Noncash Benefits to the Consumer Expenditure Survey Using Current Population Survey? Parts I and II
[PDF - 345k]
Thesia I. Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics and Charles Hokayem, U.S. Census Bureau
Supplemental Poverty Measure Thresholds: Imputing Noncash Benefits to the Consumer Expenditure Survey Using Current Population Survey [PDF - 196k]
Charles Hokayem, U.S. Census Bureau and Thesia I. Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics (August 2011)
Geographic Adjustments of Supplemental Poverty Measure Thresholds: Using the American Community Survey Five-Year Data on Housing Costs [PDF - 434k]
Trudi J. Renwick , U.S. Census Bureau (June 2011)
Evaluating the New Mortgage Questions in the Current Population Survey's 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement [DOC - 422k] | Tables 1-5 [XLS - 3M]
Jessica Semega and Mousumi Sarkar, U.S. Census Bureau (January 2011)
Estimating the Value of Federal Housing Assistance for the Supplemental Poverty Measure [PDF - 338k]
Paul D. Johnson, Trudi Renwick, and Kathleen Short, U.S. Census Bureau (January 2011)
Supplemental Poverty Measure: Geographic Adjustments from the American Community Survey [PDF - 1.21M]
Trudi Renwick, U.S. Census Bureau (January 2011)
Developing Thresholds for the Supplemental Poverty Measure [PDF - 287k]
Thesia I. Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics (January 2011)
Setting and Updating Modern Poverty Thresholds [PDF - 300k]
Thesia I. Garner and David Betson (January 2010)
Alternative Geographic Adjustments of U.S. Poverty Thresholds: Impact on State Poverty Rates [PDF - 225k]
Trudi Renwick, U.S. Census Bureau (August 2009)
Adjusting Poverty Thresholds Based on Differences in Housing Cost: Application of American Community Survey [PDF - 250k]
Alemayehu Bishaw, U.S. Census Bureau (April 2009)
Creating a Consistent Poverty Measure over Time Using NAS Procedures: 1996-2005 [PDF - 96k]
Thesia I. Garner and Kathleen Short (April 2008)
The Distributional Implications of Geographic Adjustment of Poverty Thresholds [PDF - 136k]
Charles Nelson and Kathleen Short, U.S. Census Bureau (December 2003)
A Decade of Experimental Poverty Thresholds 1990 to 2000 [PDF - 383k]
Kathleen Short and Thesia I. Garner (June 2002)
Where We Live - Geographic Differences in Poverty Thresholds [PDF - 92k]
Kathleen Short, U.S. Census Bureau (January 2001)
Updating the Poverty Thresholds with Expenditure Data
Richard Bavier (December 1997)
Is There Such a Thing as an Absolute Poverty Line Over Time? Evidence from the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia on the Income Elasticity of the Poverty Line
Gordon M. Fisher (August 1995)
From Hunter to Orshansky: An Overview of (Unofficial) Poverty Lines in the United States from 1904 to 1965
Gordon M. Fisher (October 1993 -- revised August 1997)
Developing Poverty Thresholds Using Expenditure Data [PDF - 154k]
David Johnson, Stephanie Shipp and Thesia Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics (August 1997)
"Is Everything Relative?" The Role of Equivalence Scales in Poverty Measurement [PDF - 118k]
David Betson (December 1996)