Table 21 B. Help Expected When in Need by Economic Characteristics: 42 Households with Expectation of Help If Needed, Expect Help from Friends, Expect Help from Family, and Expect Help from Others: 1998 (Numbers in thousands) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- |Characteristics | | Expect any | | | | | | | help if |Expect help |Expect help |Expect help | | | | needed |from friends|from family |from others | | | Total |------------+------------+------------+------------| | |Households| Percent | Percent | Percent | Percent | |--------------------------+----------+------------+------------+------------+------------| |All households | | | | | | | Total | 102,652| 86.5| 31.4| 43.8| 16.7| |Household income quintile | | | | | | | Lowest quintile | 20,520| 84.6| 29.0| 45.8| 18.4| | 2nd quintile | 20,527| 85.7| 31.3| 44.2| 17.3| | 3rd quintile | 20,538| 87.2| 32.1| 43.9| 16.3| | 4th quintile | 20,530| 87.1| 31.4| 42.7| 15.7| | Highest quintile | 20,533| 88.0| 32.9| 42.3| 15.7| |Household poverty | | | | | | | Income below poverty | 12,648| 82.0| 26.3| 41.3| 16.1| | Income above poverty | 90,003| 87.1| 32.1| 44.1| 16.8| |Education of householder | | | | | | | Not high school graduate| 17,744| 83.8| 28.5| 46.7| 18.5| | High school graduate | 31,111| 87.5| 31.6| 47.2| 16.9| | Some college | 29,009| 86.0| 31.3| 42.2| 16.1| | Bachelors or higher | 24,788| 87.9| 33.1| 39.3| 15.8| |Occupation of householder | | | | | | | Executive | 10,912| 86.5| 34.7| 42.3| 15.4| | Professional | 11,394| 88.3| 32.0| 37.4| 16.0| | Technical | 2,321| 85.9| 30.2| 41.4| 12.3| | Sales | 7,956| 87.3| 31.6| 41.7| 14.9| | Administrative support | 9,301| 88.9| 31.0| 43.9| 13.6| | Service | 8,352| 84.5| 27.8| 39.0| 12.7| | Farm | 1,899| 86.0| 36.8| 47.5| 21.3| | Craft | 8,663| 86.8| 31.1| 43.2| 14.7| | Labor | 10,261| 84.2| 28.3| 43.2| 15.4| |Region | | | | | | | Northeast | 19,808| 86.6| 29.8| 44.3| 14.8| | Midwest | 25,144| 87.3| 28.9| 43.8| 14.8| | South | 36,086| 86.5| 34.1| 46.0| 21.4| | West | 21,614| 85.6| 31.0| 39.5| 12.7| |Metropolitan status | | | | | | | Central City | 13,104| 84.6| 29.6| 39.5| 12.7| | Metropolitan, outside | | | | | | | central city | 72,974| 86.7| 30.9| 43.9| 16.1| | Non-metropolitan | 16,573| 87.1| 34.6| 46.8| 22.4| ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation, 1996 Panel, Wave 8