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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
All families (10)
 
Total, families
78,874 3,390 5,610 8,147 11,164 14,235 17,773 70,727 67,710 64,638 61,101
People in families 248,301 11,638 19,387 28,564 38,995 49,583 61,136 219,737 209,305 198,717 187,164

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 13,737 41,031 85,267 150,970 232,307 339,486 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 79,634 4,052 7,313 10,466 13,523 16,319 19,102 87,602 90,534 93,579 97,242
  Standard error (19) 307 80 85 91 85 88 89 328 338 350 364
With zero income 832 832 832 832 832 832 832 0 0 0 0
With negative income 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 6,742 22,490 49,159 91,917 145,689 216,564 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 78.2 49.1 54.8 57.7 60.9 62.7 63.8 78.5 78.6 78.8 79.0
Mean 62,264 1,989 4,009 6,034 8,234 10,234 12,185 68,741 71,172 73,722 76,830
  Standard error (19) 287 67 83 93 91 96 99 311 321 333 347
Recipient families number 65,411 1,298 2,774 4,548 6,762 9,033 11,618 60,863 58,648 56,378 53,793
Percent of all families 82.9 38.3 49.4 55.8 60.6 63.5 65.4 86.1 86.6 87.2 88.0
Mean amount 75,079 5,195 8,107 10,809 13,592 16,128 18,641 79,882 82,169 84,524 87,268
  Standard error (19) 324 121 116 117 106 108 109 339 348 359 371

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
304,971 31 1,280 4,092 7,792 12,305 16,948 300,879 297,179 292,665 288,022
Percent of total income 4.9 0.2 3.1 4.8 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8
Mean 3,867 9 228 502 698 864 954 4,254 4,389 4,528 4,714
  Standard error (19) 97 41 36 39 36 37 35 108 113 118 124
Received positive amount number 8,224 152 335 559 841 1,129 1,424 7,665 7,383 7,095 6,800
Percent 10.4 4.5 6.0 6.9 7.5 7.9 8.0 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.1
Aggregate 307,542 726 2,128 4,980 8,705 13,308 18,037 302,562 298,837 294,234 289,505
Mean 37,396 4,793 6,345 8,916 10,352 11,783 12,668 39,471 40,476 41,473 42,573
  Standard error (19) 839 388 324 339 290 292 273 895 927 962 1,001
Received negative amount number 437 68 93 103 109 126 140 334 328 311 296
Percent 0.6 2.0 1.7 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Aggregate -2,571 -695 -849 -888 -913 -1,003 -1,089 -1,683 -1,658 -1,569 -1,483
Mean -5,886 -10,247 -9,152 -8,622 -8,410 -7,982 -7,755 -5,042 -5,051 -5,040 -5,001
  Standard error (19) 239 693 622 603 544 505 463 243 245 251 260

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
30,223 27 84 170 284 668 948 30,053 29,939 29,556 29,275
Percent of total income 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean 383 8 15 21 25 47 53 425 442 457 479
  Standard error (19) 43 16 13 12 10 15 14 47 50 52 55
Received positive amount number 1,164 15 30 46 68 103 130 1,118 1,095 1,060 1,034
Percent 1.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Aggregate 30,919 67 129 244 377 793 1,093 30,675 30,542 30,126 29,826
Mean 26,573 4,601 4,371 5,311 5,500 7,686 8,427 27,446 27,891 28,410 28,849
  Standard error (19) 2,670 2,707 1,805 1,636 1,302 1,666 1,634 2,773 2,826 2,913 2,983
Received negative amount number 189 5 7 11 16 21 23 178 173 169 166
Percent 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -696 -40 -45 -74 -92 -125 -145 -622 -603 -570 -551
Mean -3,678 -7,265 -6,154 -6,719 -5,692 -6,080 -6,286 -3,490 -3,489 -3,384 -3,316
  Standard error (19) 436 1,670 1,759 1,781 1,487 1,306 1,210 445 451 453 454

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
202,245 272 565 943 1,322 1,860 2,824 201,303 200,923 200,385 199,422
Percent of total income 3.2 2.0 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.8 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4
Mean 2,564 80 101 116 118 131 159 2,846 2,967 3,100 3,264
  Standard error (19) 46 9 10 9 8 7 7 51 53 55 58
Recipient families number 42,670 419 723 1,179 1,775 2,516 3,606 41,491 40,894 40,153 39,064
Percent of all families 54.1 12.4 12.9 14.5 15.9 17.7 20.3 58.7 60.4 62.1 63.9
Mean 4,740 649 782 800 745 739 783 4,852 4,913 4,990 5,105
  Standard error (19) 83 65 71 59 46 37 32 85 86 88 90

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
52,328 20 -15 14 156 211 414 52,315 52,173 52,117 51,915
Percent of total income 0.8 0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Mean 663 6 -3 2 14 15 23 740 771 806 850
  Standard error (19) 24 7 7 8 7 7 7 26 27 29 30
Received positive amount number 4,935 35 67 101 162 230 309 4,834 4,773 4,705 4,626
Percent 6.3 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.7 6.8 7.0 7.3 7.6
Aggregate 57,135 52 71 208 408 604 888 56,928 56,727 56,532 56,247
Mean 11,577 1,483 1,053 2,050 2,522 2,629 2,871 11,777 11,884 12,014 12,159
  Standard error (19) 337 359 228 401 337 302 269 343 347 352 357
Received negative amount number 928 5 12 27 38 57 75 902 891 872 853
Percent 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Aggregate -4,807 -32 -86 -194 -253 -392 -475 -4,613 -4,554 -4,415 -4,332
Mean -5,178 -5,985 -7,111 -7,286 -6,714 -6,927 -6,330 -5,116 -5,113 -5,065 -5,077
  Standard error (19) 157 1,949 1,746 950 765 641 601 159 160 161 162

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
356,012 1,523 5,601 12,841 23,353 37,402 56,640 343,171 332,659 318,610 299,372
Percent of total income 5.7 11.1 13.7 15.1 15.5 16.1 16.7 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.0
Mean 4,514 449 998 1,576 2,092 2,627 3,187 4,852 4,913 4,929 4,900
  Standard error (19) 35 35 44 48 46 48 49 38 40 41 42
Recipient families number 19,132 267 724 1,383 2,217 3,153 4,277 17,749 16,915 15,980 14,855
Percent of all families 24.3 7.9 12.9 17.0 19.9 22.1 24.1 25.1 25.0 24.7 24.3
Mean amount 18,608 5,699 7,737 9,285 10,535 11,864 13,244 19,335 19,666 19,939 20,152
  Standard error (19) 78 245 160 130 105 100 96 81 84 88 93

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
264,911 259 625 1,351 2,464 4,149 7,572 263,559 262,446 260,762 257,339
Percent of total income 4.2 1.9 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Mean 3,359 76 111 166 221 291 426 3,726 3,876 4,034 4,212
  Standard error (19) 43 13 14 15 14 15 18 47 49 51 54
Recipient families number 12,014 70 129 248 415 643 1,033 11,766 11,599 11,371 10,981
Percent of all families 15.2 2.1 2.3 3.0 3.7 4.5 5.8 16.6 17.1 17.6 18.0
Mean amount 22,050 3,693 4,849 5,452 5,939 6,454 7,329 22,400 22,626 22,931 23,435
  Standard error (19) 205 394 383 295 229 220 205 208 210 213 219

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
34,127 2,842 5,832 9,124 12,071 14,424 16,988 25,003 22,056 19,703 17,138
Percent of total income 0.5 20.7 14.2 10.7 8.0 6.2 5.0 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Mean 433 838 1,039 1,120 1,081 1,013 956 354 326 305 280
  Standard error (19) 9 41 39 37 30 26 24 9 9 9 9
Recipient families number 4,722 702 1,210 1,659 2,107 2,424 2,773 3,064 2,615 2,298 1,949
Percent of all families 6.0 20.7 21.6 20.4 18.9 17.0 15.6 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.2
Mean amount 7,227 4,049 4,820 5,501 5,729 5,950 6,126 8,161 8,433 8,573 8,793
  Standard error (19) 103 124 116 123 108 106 103 144 161 176 197

Poverty Footnotes

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