U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Married-couple
families (10), (11)
 
Total, families
59,137 1,144 2,027 3,261 4,790 6,614 8,864 55,875 54,347 52,523 50,273
People in families 189,191 4,217 7,678 12,617 18,365 25,081 32,758 176,574 170,827 164,110 156,433

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 4,877 16,741 39,894 75,437 126,058 196,565 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 91,452 4,263 8,258 12,232 15,748 19,060 22,176 96,076 98,125 100,568 103,667
  Standard error (19) 379 165 162 159 141 138 131 392 400 409 422
With zero income 294 294 294 294 294 294 294 0 0 0 0
With negative income 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 3,009 10,520 25,130 48,176 81,045 126,566 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 78.6 61.7 62.8 63.0 63.9 64.3 64.4 78.7 78.8 78.9 79.1
Mean 71,864 2,629 5,189 7,705 10,057 12,254 14,279 75,609 77,312 79,370 82,017
  Standard error (19) 360 145 164 171 160 161 158 374 382 392 405
Recipient families number 49,386 446 1,035 1,871 2,912 4,152 5,678 47,515 46,475 45,234 43,708
Percent of all families 83.5 39.0 51.0 57.4 60.8 62.8 64.1 85.0 85.5 86.1 86.9
Mean amount 86,052 6,742 10,168 13,430 16,545 19,519 22,291 88,912 90,407 92,159 94,335
  Standard error (19) 400 246 207 195 175 173 167 409 416 424 435

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
271,129 -94 832 2,918 5,786 9,116 12,460 268,211 265,342 262,012 258,669
Percent of total income 5.0 -1.9 5.0 7.3 7.7 7.2 6.3 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Mean 4,585 -83 410 895 1,208 1,378 1,406 4,800 4,882 4,989 5,145
  Standard error (19) 123 108 89 86 74 70 62 130 133 138 144
Received positive amount number 6,965 76 191 342 535 738 947 6,623 6,430 6,227 6,018
Percent 11.8 6.6 9.4 10.5 11.2 11.2 10.7 11.9 11.8 11.9 12.0
Aggregate 273,364 470 1,495 3,620 6,513 9,924 13,342 269,743 266,850 263,439 260,021
Mean 39,248 6,220 7,832 10,576 12,168 13,453 14,092 40,730 41,503 42,304 43,206
  Standard error (19) 936 610 458 451 377 376 346 981 1,008 1,039 1,073
Received negative amount number 379 51 66 73 78 90 101 306 301 289 278
Percent 0.6 4.5 3.3 2.2 1.6 1.4 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Aggregate -2,235 -565 -663 -702 -727 -808 -883 -1,533 -1,508 -1,427 -1,352
Mean -5,898 -11,065 -9,976 -9,579 -9,302 -9,014 -8,714 -5,015 -5,014 -4,933 -4,871
  Standard error (19) 262 830 777 737 664 608 553 255 256 260 268

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
29,553 42 99 181 304 634 917 29,372 29,249 28,919 28,636
Percent of total income 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean 500 37 49 56 63 96 103 526 538 551 570
  Standard error (19) 57 45 34 30 24 31 28 60 62 64 66
Received positive amount number 1,039 10 21 34 56 85 106 1,005 983 954 933
Percent 1.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Aggregate 30,139 64 126 237 370 731 1,027 29,901 29,768 29,408 29,111
Mean 29,004 6,652 5,980 7,024 6,642 8,620 9,681 29,743 30,271 30,814 31,202
  Standard error (19) 2,961 3,644 2,303 2,026 1,513 1,934 1,911 3,054 3,118 3,206 3,275
Received negative amount number 163 3 5 8 9 12 14 155 153 150 149
Percent 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -586 -22 -27 -56 -67 -97 -110 -530 -519 -489 -475
Mean -3,603 -6,982 -5,458 -6,999 -7,242 -7,926 -7,891 -3,427 -3,385 -3,252 -3,199
  Standard error (19) 471 2,741 2,370 2,161 1,823 1,453 1,334 476 476 473 473

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
183,582 209 395 655 959 1,359 2,105 182,928 182,623 182,224 181,477
Percent of total income 3.4 4.3 2.4 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Mean 3,104 183 195 201 200 205 237 3,274 3,360 3,469 3,610
  Standard error (19) 58 24 24 20 16 13 12 61 63 65 68
Recipient families number 36,323 262 425 699 1,076 1,560 2,340 35,625 35,248 34,763 33,984
Percent of all families 61.4 22.9 21.0 21.4 22.5 23.6 26.4 63.8 64.9 66.2 67.6
Mean 5,054 799 930 937 892 871 900 5,135 5,181 5,242 5,340
  Standard error (19) 93 95 104 85 67 53 43 94 95 97 99

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
47,148 14 -10 6 127 95 210 47,142 47,021 47,053 46,938
Percent of total income 0.9 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Mean 797 12 -5 2 27 14 24 844 865 896 934
  Standard error (19) 30 18 16 18 15 13 11 32 33 34 35
Received positive amount number 4,374 24 45 74 113 161 219 4,300 4,261 4,212 4,154
Percent 7.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.3
Aggregate 51,527 37 45 148 299 383 575 51,379 51,228 51,144 50,952
Mean 11,781 1,573 984 1,991 2,653 2,372 2,623 11,950 12,022 12,141 12,264
  Standard error (19) 363 417 271 478 432 322 284 368 371 375 380
Received negative amount number 830 3 6 18 22 36 49 812 808 793 781
Percent 1.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Aggregate -4,379 -23 -55 -142 -172 -288 -365 -4,238 -4,207 -4,091 -4,014
Mean -5,278 -8,129 -8,955 -7,926 -7,930 -7,947 -7,432 -5,220 -5,207 -5,156 -5,142
  Standard error (19) 170 1,316 2,406 1,126 1,055 851 789 172 171 172 172

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
291,595 626 2,274 5,958 11,881 21,921 36,422 285,637 279,714 269,674 255,173
Percent of total income 5.4 12.8 13.6 14.9 15.7 17.4 18.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 4.9
Mean 4,931 548 1,122 1,827 2,480 3,314 4,109 5,112 5,147 5,134 5,076
  Standard error (19) 43 66 79 84 77 80 80 45 46 47 48
Recipient families number 14,618 125 306 623 1,068 1,687 2,487 13,994 13,550 12,931 12,131
Percent of all families 24.7 11.0 15.1 19.1 22.3 25.5 28.1 25.0 24.9 24.6 24.1
Mean amount 19,948 4,998 7,436 9,557 11,129 12,995 14,645 20,411 20,643 20,855 21,035
  Standard error (19) 90 379 285 214 158 137 125 92 94 98 103

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
237,505 137 335 724 1,340 2,279 4,651 236,780 236,164 235,226 232,854
Percent of total income 4.4 2.8 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5
Mean 4,016 120 165 222 280 345 525 4,238 4,346 4,479 4,632
  Standard error (19) 54 30 30 28 24 24 28 57 59 61 63
Recipient families number 10,137 33 64 127 223 365 640 10,010 9,914 9,772 9,497
Percent of all families 17.1 2.9 3.2 3.9 4.7 5.5 7.2 17.9 18.2 18.6 18.9
Mean amount 23,429 4,119 5,222 5,689 5,997 6,235 7,270 23,655 23,822 24,072 24,518
  Standard error (19) 231 681 620 439 328 283 266 233 234 237 242

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
18,405 555 1,363 2,605 3,760 5,062 6,335 15,800 14,646 13,343 12,070
Percent of total income 0.3 11.4 8.1 6.5 5.0 4.0 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Mean 311 485 672 799 785 765 715 283 269 254 240
  Standard error (19) 9 56 56 53 42 36 31 10 10 10 10
Recipient families number 2,095 122 243 395 559 704 856 1,699 1,536 1,390 1,239
Percent of all families 3.5 10.7 12.0 12.1 11.7 10.6 9.7 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5
Mean amount 8,787 4,538 5,621 6,592 6,731 7,188 7,405 9,298 9,535 9,597 9,742
  Standard error (19) 183 303 273 260 227 219 210 216 232 249 269

Poverty Footnotes

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