U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a male householder,
no wife present (10)
 
Total, families
5,255 284 471 723 1,033 1,327 1,659 4,532 4,223 3,928 3,596
People in families 15,083 842 1,394 2,135 3,058 3,943 4,975 12,948 12,024 11,139 10,108

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 298,547 892 2,941 6,819 12,865 19,966 29,541 291,727 285,682 278,580 269,006
Mean 56,808 3,144 6,246 9,433 12,456 15,047 17,803 64,364 67,656 70,914 74,807
  Standard error (19) 858 240 259 266 243 249 260 944 993 1,048 1,121
With zero income 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 0 0 0 0
With negative income 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
232,657 478 1,597 3,644 7,481 12,307 18,934 229,013 225,177 220,350 213,723
Percent of total income 77.9 53.6 54.3 53.4 58.2 61.6 64.1 78.5 78.8 79.1 79.4
Mean 44,271 1,687 3,392 5,041 7,243 9,275 11,411 50,528 53,327 56,091 59,433
  Standard error (19) 753 187 246 271 261 276 293 834 878 926 990
Recipient families number 4,417 99 216 369 599 831 1,092 4,047 3,818 3,585 3,325
Percent of all families 84.0 35.1 45.9 51.1 58.0 62.6 65.8 89.3 90.4 91.3 92.5
Mean amount 52,677 4,811 7,396 9,864 12,492 14,805 17,346 56,585 58,981 61,458 64,276
  Standard error (19) 835 310 341 347 295 301 314 885 922 966 1,024

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
19,470 -11 113 377 728 1,155 1,670 19,093 18,741 18,315 17,800
Percent of total income 6.5 -1.2 3.8 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Mean 3,705 -39 240 521 705 870 1,006 4,213 4,438 4,662 4,950
  Standard error (19) 375 114 112 114 104 105 106 434 466 500 545
Received positive amount number 507 14 34 63 90 120 150 444 417 387 357
Percent 9.7 5.1 7.1 8.8 8.7 9.0 9.1 9.8 9.9 9.9 9.9
Aggregate 19,631 48 179 442 794 1,221 1,745 19,189 18,837 18,411 17,886
Mean 38,706 3,363 5,310 6,977 8,817 10,195 11,603 43,238 45,160 47,517 50,132
  Standard error (19) 3,508 963 895 776 705 677 691 3,959 4,193 4,489 4,847
Received negative amount number 23 9 10 10 10 10 12 13 13 13 11
Percent 0.4 3.3 2.1 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -162 -59 -66 -66 -66 -66 -75 -96 -96 -96 -86
Mean -7,179 -6,341 -6,576 -6,576 -6,576 -6,576 -6,323 -7,661 -7,661 -7,661 -8,141
  Standard error (19) 828 1,432 1,377 1,377 1,266 1,266 1,077 1,074 1,074 1,074 1,207

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
546 -6 -6 -3 -8 48 48 549 554 498 498
Percent of total income 0.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean 104 -21 -13 -4 -7 36 29 121 131 127 138
  Standard error (19) 50 45 27 20 16 38 30 58 62 65 72
Received positive amount number 51 1 1 4 4 7 7 47 47 44 44
Percent 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Aggregate 606 3 3 6 6 62 62 600 600 545 545
Mean 11,904 4,000 2,023 1,675 1,675 9,310 8,961 12,685 12,685 12,293 12,365
  Standard error (19) 4,527 0 2,702 1,950 1,794 5,057 4,960 4,833 4,833 5,145 5,171
Received negative amount number 13 1 1 1 2 2 2 12 11 11 11
Percent 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -60 -9 -9 -9 -14 -14 -14 -52 -47 -47 -47
Mean -4,675 -6,600 -6,600 -6,600 -7,535 -7,535 -7,535 -4,456 -4,207 -4,207 -4,207
  Standard error (19) 1,761 (X) (X) (X) 1,596 1,596 1,596 1,940 1,962 1,962 1,962

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
6,950 22 83 100 119 138 218 6,850 6,831 6,812 6,732
Percent of total income 2.3 2.5 2.8 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5
Mean 1,323 78 177 139 116 104 131 1,511 1,618 1,734 1,872
  Standard error (19) 97 26 47 32 23 18 22 112 120 129 140
Recipient families number 1,872 30 50 92 134 174 231 1,780 1,738 1,699 1,641
Percent of all families 35.6 10.6 10.7 12.7 13.0 13.1 13.9 39.3 41.2 43.2 45.6
Mean 3,712 735 1,650 1,093 890 796 943 3,848 3,930 4,011 4,102
  Standard error (19) 262 201 365 222 158 126 150 275 282 288 297

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,226 -2 -23 -30 -46 53 55 2,256 2,271 2,172 2,170
Percent of total income 0.7 -0.2 -0.8 -0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mean 423 -8 -50 -42 -44 40 33 498 538 553 603
  Standard error (19) 63 42 43 29 22 37 30 72 78 83 90
Received positive amount number 213 3 9 10 13 21 26 203 200 192 187
Percent 4.1 1.1 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.5 4.5 4.7 4.9 5.2
Aggregate 2,363 7 7 7 11 111 114 2,357 2,352 2,252 2,250
Mean 11,098 2,089 759 640 874 5,279 4,429 11,627 11,759 11,737 12,011
  Standard error (19) 1,332 1,600 694 593 498 1,748 1,490 1,388 1,404 1,458 1,487
Received negative amount number 33 2 4 6 10 11 11 28 23 22 22
Percent 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Aggregate -138 -9 -30 -37 -57 -58 -58 -101 -81 -80 -80
Mean -4,127 -3,881 -6,844 -6,409 -5,738 -5,342 -5,342 -3,653 -3,445 -3,540 -3,540
  Standard error (19) 587 3,422 2,401 1,870 1,159 1,131 1,131 570 622 640 640

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
16,438 119 488 1,319 2,335 3,350 4,566 15,118 14,103 13,087 11,871
Percent of total income 5.5 13.3 16.6 19.3 18.1 16.8 15.5 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.4
Mean 3,128 418 1,035 1,825 2,260 2,525 2,752 3,336 3,340 3,331 3,301
  Standard error (19) 105 108 148 170 151 148 141 118 125 130 138
Recipient families number 1,076 21 61 138 222 297 389 938 853 779 687
Percent of all families 20.5 7.3 12.9 19.1 21.5 22.4 23.4 20.7 20.2 19.8 19.1
Mean amount 15,280 5,758 8,020 9,570 10,493 11,279 11,753 16,120 16,529 16,807 17,275
  Standard error (19) 281 579 412 355 286 297 272 309 333 356 392

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
9,261 24 62 174 272 507 788 9,087 8,989 8,754 8,473
Percent of total income 3.1 2.7 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.5 2.7 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Mean 1,762 84 131 240 263 382 475 2,005 2,129 2,228 2,356
  Standard error (19) 110 45 51 61 51 61 62 127 136 145 157
Recipient families number 514 5 10 25 40 62 92 489 474 452 421
Percent of all families 9.8 1.9 2.1 3.4 3.8 4.7 5.6 10.8 11.2 11.5 11.7
Mean amount 18,023 4,342 6,362 7,010 6,870 8,198 8,519 18,581 18,952 19,366 20,109
  Standard error (19) 818 1,122 1,065 875 767 802 677 851 870 905 956

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,160 162 376 749 1,131 1,225 1,733 2,411 2,029 1,935 1,427
Percent of total income 1.1 18.2 12.8 11.0 8.8 6.1 5.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5
Mean 601 573 798 1,037 1,095 923 1,044 532 481 493 397
  Standard error (19) 40 118 114 124 98 79 79 43 43 46 45
Recipient families number 471 55 94 147 209 230 300 324 262 240 171
Percent of all families 9.0 19.5 20.0 20.3 20.2 17.4 18.1 7.1 6.2 6.1 4.7
Mean amount 6,711 2,931 3,994 5,101 5,415 5,316 5,770 7,441 7,744 8,048 8,367
  Standard error (19) 328 455 397 442 340 319 305 434 515 551 712

Poverty Footnotes

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