U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a female householder,
no husband present (10)
 
Total, families
14,482 1,962 3,112 4,163 5,341 6,295 7,249 10,319 9,141 8,187 7,232
People in families 44,027 6,579 10,315 13,812 17,572 20,559 23,403 30,215 26,454 23,468 20,623

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 574,349 7,968 21,348 38,553 62,668 86,282 113,380 535,796 511,681 488,067 460,968
Mean 39,660 4,061 6,859 9,261 11,734 13,707 15,640 51,924 55,975 59,615 63,736
  Standard error (19) 355 92 102 112 109 115 121 439 478 518 567
With zero income 442 442 442 442 442 442 442 0 0 0 0
With negative income 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
428,492 3,255 10,372 20,385 36,261 52,336 71,064 408,107 392,232 376,156 357,428
Percent of total income 74.6 40.8 48.6 52.9 57.9 60.7 62.7 76.2 76.7 77.1 77.5
Mean 29,588 1,659 3,333 4,897 6,790 8,314 9,803 39,550 42,908 45,946 49,420
  Standard error (19) 324 73 95 109 110 117 124 412 451 490 539
Recipient families number 11,608 752 1,523 2,308 3,252 4,050 4,848 9,300 8,356 7,558 6,759
Percent of all families 80.2 38.3 48.9 55.4 60.9 64.3 66.9 90.1 91.4 92.3 93.5
Mean amount 36,915 4,328 6,809 8,834 11,151 12,923 14,657 43,882 46,941 49,770 52,880
  Standard error (19) 372 132 136 141 130 132 137 433 469 506 551

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
14,372 137 335 798 1,277 2,034 2,819 13,575 13,095 12,339 11,554
Percent of total income 2.5 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5
Mean 992 70 108 192 239 323 389 1,316 1,433 1,507 1,597
  Standard error (19) 95 25 24 29 26 31 32 133 150 166 187
Received positive amount number 752 62 111 153 216 272 327 599 536 480 425
Percent 5.2 3.1 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.3 4.5 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9
Aggregate 14,547 208 455 918 1,398 2,163 2,949 13,629 13,149 12,384 11,598
Mean 19,350 3,375 4,100 6,004 6,484 7,954 9,032 22,756 24,522 25,810 27,275
  Standard error (19) 1,690 450 403 527 452 500 495 2,094 2,324 2,585 2,903
Received negative amount number 35 7 16 20 20 26 27 16 15 9 8
Percent 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -175 -71 -120 -120 -121 -129 -131 -55 -54 -45 -44
Mean -4,930 -9,549 -7,368 -6,094 -5,897 -4,966 -4,806 -3,477 -3,611 -4,830 -5,338
  Standard error (19) 723 392 1,002 1,085 987 880 865 914 947 1,220 1,220

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
124 -9 -9 -9 -12 -14 -17 133 136 138 141
Percent of total income 0.0 -0.1 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean 9 -5 -3 -2 -2 -2 -2 13 15 17 19
  Standard error (19) 8 7 5 3 2 2 2 11 13 14 16
Received positive amount number 73 4 7 9 9 12 17 65 64 62 57
Percent 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Aggregate 174 0 0 0 0 0 4 173 173 173 170
Mean 2,364 1 27 55 52 40 238 2,666 2,693 2,807 2,989
  Standard error (19) 1,471 0 39 47 41 33 330 1,657 1,672 1,740 1,885
Received negative amount number 14 1 1 2 5 7 7 12 8 7 6
Percent 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -50 -9 -9 -9 -12 -15 -21 -40 -38 -35 -29
Mean -3,625 -9,000 -9,000 -5,483 -2,311 -2,246 -2,874 -3,365 -4,429 -4,897 -4,469
  Standard error (19) 1,475 0 0 5,224 2,063 1,634 1,820 1,511 1,912 2,195 2,283

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
11,713 41 87 188 244 363 501 11,525 11,469 11,349 11,212
Percent of total income 2.0 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4
Mean 809 21 28 45 46 58 69 1,117 1,255 1,386 1,550
  Standard error (19) 64 5 5 7 6 6 6 89 101 112 127
Recipient families number 4,474 127 248 388 566 783 1,035 4,086 3,909 3,692 3,439
Percent of all families 30.9 6.5 8.0 9.3 10.6 12.4 14.3 39.6 42.8 45.1 47.5
Mean 2,618 321 350 484 431 464 484 2,821 2,934 3,074 3,260
  Standard error (19) 204 65 59 76 54 48 42 223 233 246 264

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,955 8 19 38 74 63 148 2,917 2,881 2,892 2,807
Percent of total income 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Mean 204 4 6 9 14 10 20 283 315 353 388
  Standard error (19) 31 3 3 6 6 5 7 43 48 54 61
Received positive amount number 348 8 13 17 36 47 64 332 312 301 284
Percent 2.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.9 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9
Aggregate 3,245 9 19 53 98 110 199 3,192 3,147 3,136 3,046
Mean 9,314 1,006 1,494 3,167 2,703 2,323 3,093 9,626 10,082 10,409 10,725
  Standard error (19) 1,160 681 503 1,028 629 509 597 1,216 1,286 1,328 1,403
Received negative amount number 65 0 2 3 6 10 15 62 59 56 50
Percent 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Aggregate -290 -0 -1 -15 -24 -46 -51 -275 -266 -244 -239
Mean -4,446 -1,200 -349 -5,149 -3,963 -4,862 -3,419 -4,412 -4,495 -4,374 -4,750
  Standard error (19) 467 (X) 374 3,114 1,500 1,073 859 469 491 514 541

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
47,980 778 2,839 5,564 9,137 12,131 15,652 42,416 38,842 35,849 32,328
Percent of total income 8.4 9.8 13.3 14.4 14.6 14.1 13.8 7.9 7.6 7.3 7.0
Mean 3,313 396 912 1,336 1,711 1,927 2,159 4,111 4,249 4,379 4,470
  Standard error (19) 62 44 56 61 59 60 61 83 91 99 107
Recipient families number 3,439 121 357 622 927 1,169 1,401 2,817 2,512 2,270 2,037
Percent of all families 23.7 6.2 11.5 14.9 17.3 18.6 19.3 27.3 27.5 27.7 28.2
Mean amount 13,953 6,415 7,946 8,948 9,862 10,380 11,170 15,057 15,462 15,792 15,867
  Standard error (19) 154 344 201 175 157 156 157 177 193 208 226

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
18,145 98 228 453 852 1,363 2,133 17,692 17,292 16,782 16,012
Percent of total income 3.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.9 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5
Mean 1,253 50 73 109 160 217 294 1,714 1,892 2,050 2,214
  Standard error (19) 49 12 14 16 16 20 23 69 77 85 95
Recipient families number 1,363 31 55 96 152 215 301 1,267 1,211 1,148 1,062
Percent of all families 9.4 1.6 1.8 2.3 2.8 3.4 4.1 12.3 13.2 14.0 14.7
Mean amount 13,312 3,129 4,148 4,735 5,611 6,327 7,091 13,960 14,277 14,623 15,073
  Standard error (19) 389 440 474 420 342 376 360 412 428 446 475

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
12,561 2,124 4,093 5,769 7,180 8,136 8,920 6,792 5,381 4,425 3,640
Percent of total income 2.2 26.7 19.2 15.0 11.5 9.4 7.9 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Mean 867 1,082 1,315 1,386 1,344 1,293 1,230 658 589 540 503
  Standard error (19) 24 59 56 55 46 42 39 27 27 27 28
Recipient families number 2,157 524 873 1,116 1,339 1,489 1,617 1,040 817 668 539
Percent of all families 14.9 26.7 28.1 26.8 25.1 23.7 22.3 10.1 8.9 8.2 7.5
Mean amount 5,824 4,053 4,687 5,167 5,360 5,463 5,515 6,528 6,583 6,628 6,749
  Standard error (19) 112 141 134 144 129 126 123 180 202 223 247

Poverty Footnotes

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