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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with related
children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
38,962 2,613 4,337 6,104 8,206 10,100 12,068 32,857 30,756 28,861 26,894
People in families 153,666 9,795 16,415 23,704 31,973 39,798 47,733 129,963 121,693 113,868 105,934

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 12,087 34,773 68,794 119,355 176,822 246,691 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 78,106 4,626 8,018 11,270 14,545 17,507 20,442 90,523 95,064 99,314 103,982
  Standard error (19) 450 92 99 109 105 112 118 503 527 552 581
With zero income 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 0 0 0 0
With negative income 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 5,973 20,324 43,627 81,486 126,744 183,526 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 87.4 49.4 58.4 63.4 68.3 71.7 74.4 88.0 88.2 88.4 88.6
Mean 68,275 2,286 4,686 7,147 9,930 12,549 15,208 79,631 83,841 87,777 92,088
  Standard error (19) 424 81 100 113 111 119 125 476 498 522 550
Recipient families number 35,523 1,119 2,402 3,840 5,665 7,402 9,236 31,684 29,859 28,121 26,288
Percent of all families 91.2 42.8 55.4 62.9 69.0 73.3 76.5 96.4 97.1 97.4 97.7
Mean amount 74,883 5,339 8,461 11,362 14,385 17,123 19,872 82,581 86,361 90,087 94,210
  Standard error (19) 449 134 128 130 119 123 126 485 506 528 556

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
145,265 412 1,440 3,877 6,915 10,744 14,227 141,388 138,351 134,522 131,038
Percent of total income 4.8 3.4 4.1 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Mean 3,728 158 332 635 843 1,064 1,179 4,303 4,498 4,661 4,872
  Standard error (19) 130 41 41 48 45 49 48 154 164 174 187
Received positive amount number 4,156 125 264 434 654 876 1,070 3,723 3,502 3,280 3,087
Percent 10.7 4.8 6.1 7.1 8.0 8.7 8.9 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.5
Aggregate 146,451 675 1,849 4,301 7,351 11,249 14,777 142,150 139,100 135,202 131,673
Mean 35,236 5,399 6,999 9,921 11,238 12,838 13,813 38,184 39,718 41,219 42,661
  Standard error (19) 1,098 438 375 399 345 350 335 1,215 1,286 1,368 1,449
Received negative amount number 210 28 52 59 61 72 79 151 149 138 131
Percent 0.5 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Aggregate -1,186 -263 -409 -424 -437 -505 -550 -762 -749 -681 -635
Mean -5,653 -9,256 -7,933 -7,218 -7,194 -7,053 -6,984 -5,044 -5,025 -4,927 -4,852
  Standard error (19) 364 1,211 877 836 751 677 628 396 398 412 428

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
7,699 33 90 177 242 561 822 7,522 7,456 7,137 6,876
Percent of total income 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mean 198 13 21 29 30 56 68 229 242 247 256
  Standard error (19) 29 18 15 15 12 19 20 35 37 39 41
Received positive amount number 515 10 21 29 48 73 91 486 467 442 424
Percent 1.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Aggregate 7,955 48 110 197 281 607 888 7,758 7,674 7,347 7,067
Mean 15,438 4,817 5,245 6,749 5,877 8,338 9,708 15,959 16,416 16,607 16,674
  Standard error (19) 1,991 3,809 2,399 2,301 1,679 2,208 2,192 2,102 2,178 2,281 2,366
Received negative amount number 93 2 4 5 10 12 14 88 83 81 79
Percent 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -256 -15 -20 -20 -38 -46 -65 -236 -217 -210 -190
Mean -2,761 -7,140 -5,114 -4,382 -3,929 -3,939 -4,650 -2,677 -2,623 -2,592 -2,423
  Standard error (19) 542 4,287 3,016 2,888 1,870 1,676 1,564 551 561 567 558

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
54,994 105 195 370 568 790 1,071 54,624 54,427 54,205 53,923
Percent of total income 1.8 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mean 1,411 40 45 61 69 78 89 1,662 1,770 1,878 2,005
  Standard error (19) 51 7 7 8 7 6 6 60 64 69 74
Recipient families number 18,403 228 416 691 1,072 1,493 2,045 17,712 17,331 16,910 16,357
Percent of all families 47.2 8.7 9.6 11.3 13.1 14.8 16.9 53.9 56.4 58.6 60.8
Mean 2,988 458 468 535 530 529 524 3,084 3,140 3,205 3,297
  Standard error (19) 107 73 66 66 49 40 35 111 113 116 120

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
15,252 -9 -19 -34 74 113 275 15,286 15,178 15,138 14,976
Percent of total income 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean 391 -3 -4 -6 9 11 23 465 493 525 557
  Standard error (19) 25 7 7 7 7 7 8 29 31 33 35
Received positive amount number 1,849 22 43 54 91 121 167 1,795 1,758 1,728 1,682
Percent 4.7 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.4 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3
Aggregate 17,427 15 28 68 210 297 504 17,359 17,217 17,131 16,924
Mean 9,427 695 634 1,263 2,318 2,461 3,022 9,672 9,793 9,913 10,061
  Standard error (19) 462 358 237 356 447 454 414 475 484 491 503
Received negative amount number 396 4 7 13 22 30 42 383 374 366 354
Percent 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Aggregate -2,176 -24 -46 -102 -136 -184 -229 -2,074 -2,040 -1,992 -1,947
Mean -5,492 -5,981 -7,054 -7,868 -6,158 -6,032 -5,447 -5,412 -5,453 -5,448 -5,498
  Standard error (19) 256 2,589 3,076 1,682 1,085 899 817 258 263 267 270

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
46,180 915 3,422 6,310 9,825 12,879 16,015 39,869 36,354 33,300 30,165
Percent of total income 1.5 7.6 9.8 9.2 8.2 7.3 6.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Mean 1,185 350 789 1,034 1,197 1,275 1,327 1,213 1,182 1,154 1,122
  Standard error (19) 25 35 47 48 43 42 40 28 29 30 31
Recipient families number 3,252 147 403 657 939 1,158 1,368 2,595 2,313 2,095 1,884
Percent of all families 8.3 5.6 9.3 10.8 11.4 11.5 11.3 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.0
Mean amount 14,200 6,242 8,496 9,603 10,461 11,126 11,706 15,364 15,719 15,899 16,011
  Standard error (19) 173 277 224 206 182 183 183 205 223 240 259

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
28,884 171 338 629 1,006 1,681 2,339 28,255 27,877 27,203 26,545
Percent of total income 0.9 1.4 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Mean 741 65 78 103 123 166 194 860 906 943 987
  Standard error (19) 28 13 13 14 12 15 15 33 35 37 40
Recipient families number 1,642 43 70 110 161 220 299 1,532 1,481 1,422 1,343
Percent of all families 4.2 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.5 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0
Mean amount 17,593 3,948 4,818 5,718 6,262 7,645 7,821 18,446 18,823 19,132 19,770
  Standard error (19) 496 410 518 494 389 445 387 523 538 557 583

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
17,027 2,621 4,854 7,090 8,976 9,843 11,143 9,937 8,051 7,184 5,884
Percent of total income 0.6 21.7 14.0 10.3 7.5 5.6 4.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Mean 437 1,003 1,119 1,161 1,094 975 923 302 262 249 219
  Standard error (19) 12 50 46 44 35 30 28 12 12 12 12
Recipient families number 2,699 641 1,029 1,337 1,628 1,791 1,973 1,362 1,071 908 726
Percent of all families 6.9 24.5 23.7 21.9 19.8 17.7 16.3 4.1 3.5 3.1 2.7
Mean amount 6,309 4,091 4,718 5,303 5,513 5,496 5,649 7,297 7,519 7,913 8,104
  Standard error (19) 123 132 128 139 126 120 119 206 240 272 314

Poverty Footnotes

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