U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Married couple families with
related children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
26,490 617 1,202 1,989 2,931 3,929 5,052 24,501 23,560 22,561 21,438
People in families 113,271 3,024 5,838 9,709 14,116 18,973 24,146 103,563 99,155 94,298 89,125

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) (N/A) 3,884 13,000 30,244 56,049 90,097 134,134 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Mean 97,070 6,301 10,813 15,207 19,126 22,930 26,553 103,715 106,765 109,982 113,686
  Standard error (19) 593 240 211 201 180 184 182 621 637 657 681
With zero income 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 0 0 0 0
With negative income 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
(N/A) 2,548 9,250 22,040 42,162 69,623 106,454 (N/A) (N/A) (N/A) (N/A)
Percent of total income 88.9 65.6 71.2 72.9 75.2 77.3 79.4 89.1 89.2 89.3 89.4
Mean 86,313 4,132 7,694 11,082 14,387 17,719 21,073 92,420 95,260 98,260 101,686
  Standard error (19) 560 229 232 228 208 209 206 588 603 622 645
Recipient families number 25,391 344 823 1,490 2,319 3,240 4,305 23,902 23,072 22,152 21,086
Percent of all families 95.9 55.9 68.5 74.9 79.1 82.4 85.2 97.6 97.9 98.2 98.4
Mean amount 90,048 7,398 11,236 14,796 18,183 21,491 24,725 94,738 97,271 100,075 103,387
  Standard error (19) 573 286 233 216 194 195 191 594 609 627 649

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
126,215 224 966 2,828 5,173 7,997 10,602 123,387 121,042 118,217 115,613
Percent of total income 4.9 5.8 7.4 9.4 9.2 8.9 7.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Mean 4,765 363 803 1,422 1,765 2,035 2,099 5,036 5,138 5,240 5,393
  Standard error (19) 178 159 130 130 111 109 100 192 199 207 218
Received positive amount number 3,427 64 147 266 414 568 711 3,161 3,013 2,859 2,716
Percent 12.9 10.3 12.2 13.4 14.1 14.5 14.1 12.9 12.8 12.7 12.7
Aggregate 127,244 460 1,293 3,170 5,527 8,419 11,068 124,074 121,717 118,825 116,176
Mean 37,132 7,222 8,788 11,907 13,347 14,827 15,562 39,257 40,401 41,562 42,782
  Standard error (19) 1,231 631 523 522 445 449 420 1,326 1,387 1,457 1,530
Received negative amount number 175 24 37 41 42 49 55 134 133 126 120
Percent 0.7 3.8 3.1 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Aggregate -1,029 -236 -327 -342 -354 -422 -466 -688 -675 -607 -563
Mean -5,883 -9,993 -8,762 -8,322 -8,371 -8,561 -8,419 -5,135 -5,090 -4,832 -4,710
  Standard error (19) 409 1,349 1,093 1,040 930 805 729 425 427 438 454

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
7,488 40 96 183 256 578 843 7,305 7,232 6,910 6,645
Percent of total income 0.3 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mean 283 64 80 92 87 147 167 298 307 306 310
  Standard error (19) 43 74 53 44 34 48 48 46 48 49 51
Received positive amount number 439 7 14 21 39 61 76 419 400 378 363
Percent 1.7 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Aggregate 7,666 45 107 194 278 604 883 7,472 7,388 7,062 6,783
Mean 17,449 6,887 7,632 9,294 7,149 9,897 11,602 17,855 18,449 18,667 18,674
  Standard error (19) 2,285 5,307 3,132 2,780 1,950 2,540 2,523 2,392 2,489 2,611 2,704
Received negative amount number 76 1 3 3 4 5 6 73 72 71 70
Percent 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -178 -6 -11 -11 -21 -26 -40 -167 -157 -152 -139
Mean -2,345 -5,311 -3,745 -3,745 -5,241 -5,716 -6,259 -2,289 -2,180 -2,130 -1,989
  Standard error (19) 549 7,542 3,278 3,278 2,908 2,784 2,252 556 543 537 523

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
48,860 65 108 204 344 487 671 48,656 48,516 48,374 48,189
Percent of total income 1.9 1.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0
Mean 1,844 105 89 103 117 124 133 1,986 2,059 2,144 2,248
  Standard error (19) 73 25 20 19 15 13 12 79 82 85 90
Recipient families number 15,031 104 176 311 524 762 1,105 14,721 14,507 14,269 13,926
Percent of all families 56.7 16.9 14.6 15.6 17.9 19.4 21.9 60.1 61.6 63.2 65.0
Mean 3,251 621 611 657 657 639 607 3,305 3,344 3,390 3,460
  Standard error (19) 127 136 129 115 82 65 54 130 132 134 137

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
13,264 -8 -24 -41 68 44 129 13,305 13,197 13,220 13,135
Percent of total income 0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mean 501 -13 -20 -21 23 11 26 543 560 586 613
  Standard error (19) 34 24 23 19 18 15 14 37 38 40 42
Received positive amount number 1,574 12 25 33 55 73 104 1,541 1,519 1,502 1,470
Percent 5.9 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1 6.3 6.4 6.7 6.9
Aggregate 15,247 7 13 37 151 174 303 15,210 15,096 15,073 14,944
Mean 9,684 592 519 1,119 2,745 2,388 2,903 9,868 9,935 10,038 10,165
  Standard error (19) 512 428 305 395 635 495 450 522 529 534 545
Received negative amount number 351 2 3 8 10 17 26 343 342 334 325
Percent 1.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Aggregate -1,982 -15 -37 -78 -83 -130 -174 -1,904 -1,899 -1,853 -1,809
Mean -5,646 -9,999 -13,240 -10,084 -8,665 -7,624 -6,678 -5,546 -5,561 -5,545 -5,563
  Standard error (19) 281 (X) 3,609 1,879 1,802 1,282 1,132 282 283 287 289

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
25,630 202 862 1,933 3,194 4,658 6,168 23,697 22,436 20,971 19,461
Percent of total income 1.0 5.2 6.6 6.4 5.7 5.2 4.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Mean 968 327 717 972 1,090 1,186 1,221 967 952 930 908
  Standard error (19) 28 67 95 90 75 70 65 30 31 31 32
Recipient families number 1,676 35 90 173 268 362 461 1,503 1,408 1,314 1,215
Percent of all families 6.3 5.7 7.5 8.7 9.2 9.2 9.1 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7
Mean amount 15,292 5,782 9,610 11,164 11,902 12,878 13,391 15,767 15,938 15,956 16,012
  Standard error (19) 252 544 659 512 401 364 359 273 287 303 317

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
20,801 52 118 202 321 614 889 20,599 20,480 20,187 19,912
Percent of total income 0.8 1.3 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mean 785 84 98 102 109 156 176 841 869 895 929
  Standard error (19) 35 33 33 27 21 25 23 38 40 41 43
Recipient families number 1,105 10 18 30 47 70 101 1,075 1,059 1,036 1,005
Percent of all families 4.2 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7
Mean amount 18,820 5,395 6,536 6,730 6,869 8,830 8,841 19,158 19,347 19,491 19,819
  Standard error (19) 631 877 1,372 1,137 845 885 744 645 653 665 682

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
7,107 446 904 1,539 2,116 2,548 3,121 5,568 4,991 4,559 3,986
Percent of total income 0.3 11.5 7.0 5.1 3.8 2.8 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean 268 724 752 774 722 648 618 227 212 202 186
  Standard error (19) 13 94 78 68 53 43 37 13 13 13 13
Recipient families number 894 92 159 239 323 395 474 655 572 499 420
Percent of all families 3.4 15.0 13.2 12.0 11.0 10.1 9.4 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.0
Mean amount 7,948 4,836 5,680 6,427 6,559 6,449 6,581 8,504 8,732 9,135 9,492
  Standard error (19) 265 358 358 361 323 289 268 338 368 407 464

Poverty Footnotes

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