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Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a male householder, no wife
present with related children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
2,676 200 327 471 695 879 1,070 2,205 1,981 1,797 1,605
People in families 8,363 638 1,046 1,534 2,239 2,849 3,514 6,829 6,124 5,514 4,850

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 137,300 675 2,146 4,576 9,175 13,963 19,960 132,724 128,124 123,337 117,340
Mean 51,310 3,378 6,566 9,714 13,196 15,890 18,647 60,197 64,692 68,627 73,087
  Standard error (19) 1,284 299 326 356 321 332 351 1,486 1,622 1,758 1,935
With zero income 67 67 67 67 67 67 67 0 0 0 0
With negative income 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
111,062 338 1,267 2,798 6,117 9,822 14,675 108,264 104,945 101,240 96,387
Percent of total income 80.9 50.0 59.1 61.2 66.7 70.3 73.5 81.6 81.9 82.1 82.1
Mean 41,505 1,689 3,878 5,941 8,798 11,178 13,710 49,103 52,988 56,332 60,036
  Standard error (19) 1,090 233 316 365 338 358 384 1,260 1,373 1,487 1,635
Recipient families number 2,280 68 158 256 442 603 772 2,024 1,838 1,677 1,508
Percent of all families 85.2 33.9 48.2 54.2 63.6 68.6 72.1 91.8 92.8 93.3 93.9
Mean amount 48,713 4,980 8,039 10,952 13,840 16,286 19,006 53,479 57,099 60,375 63,925
  Standard error (19) 1,214 417 407 432 341 356 383 1,327 1,433 1,545 1,690

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
11,043 18 109 294 583 952 1,275 10,748 10,460 10,090 9,768
Percent of total income 8.0 2.7 5.1 6.4 6.4 6.8 6.4 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3
Mean 4,127 91 335 625 838 1,084 1,191 4,875 5,281 5,614 6,084
  Standard error (19) 605 127 140 148 137 144 147 733 815 896 1,001
Received positive amount number 266 12 22 38 58 83 98 228 208 182 168
Percent 9.9 6.1 6.6 8.0 8.3 9.5 9.1 10.3 10.5 10.1 10.5
Aggregate 11,112 45 143 328 616 986 1,309 10,784 10,496 10,126 9,803
Mean 41,831 3,688 6,590 8,701 10,622 11,840 13,381 47,309 50,552 55,525 58,406
  Standard error (19) 5,561 1,098 1,156 926 854 799 897 6,403 6,986 7,876 8,515
Received negative amount number 10 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Percent 0.4 2.4 1.7 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aggregate -69 -27 -33 -33 -33 -33 -33 -36 -36 -36 -36
Mean -6,626 -5,629 -6,146 -6,146 -6,146 -6,146 -6,146 -7,149 -7,149 -7,149 -7,149
  Standard error (19) 1,114 1,780 1,708 1,708 1,571 1,571 1,571 1,540 1,540 1,540 1,540

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
90 3 3 3 -2 -2 -2 87 92 92 92
Percent of total income 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mean 34 13 8 6 -3 -2 -2 40 47 51 57
  Standard error (19) 38 25 15 11 16 13 10 47 52 57 64
Received positive amount number 26 1 1 1 1 2 2 25 25 25 24
Percent 1.0 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5
Aggregate 120 3 3 3 3 3 3 117 117 117 117
Mean 4,595 4,000 2,023 2,023 2,023 2,019 1,733 4,730 4,730 4,760 4,810
  Standard error (19) 3,613 0 2,702 2,702 2,485 2,062 1,917 3,797 3,797 3,837 3,876
Received negative amount number 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4
Percent 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -30 0 0 0 -5 -5 -5 -30 -25 -25 -25
Mean -6,983 (X) (X) (X) -9,999 -9,999 -9,999 -6,983 -6,586 -6,586 -6,586
  Standard error (19) 3,136 (X) (X) (X) 0 0 0 3,136 3,446 3,446 3,446

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
2,776 10 18 25 40 50 72 2,751 2,736 2,726 2,703
Percent of total income 2.0 1.5 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3
Mean 1,037 50 56 53 57 57 68 1,248 1,382 1,517 1,684
  Standard error (19) 131 25 25 20 18 15 16 159 176 194 217
Recipient families number 853 20 25 50 82 108 143 803 771 745 710
Percent of all families 31.9 9.8 7.7 10.7 11.8 12.3 13.4 36.4 38.9 41.4 44.2
Mean 3,255 509 726 495 485 460 507 3,427 3,548 3,661 3,808
  Standard error (19) 401 227 289 171 144 111 109 425 441 457 478

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
809 -2 -2 -2 -18 40 42 811 827 769 767
Percent of total income 0.6 -0.3 -0.1 -0.0 -0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Mean 302 -11 -7 -5 -27 45 39 368 418 428 478
  Standard error (19) 71 60 37 26 23 48 40 86 95 103 115
Received positive amount number 93 3 8 8 11 14 19 85 82 79 74
Percent 3.5 1.4 2.6 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.8 3.8 4.2 4.4 4.6
Aggregate 875 7 7 7 10 70 72 869 865 806 804
Mean 9,395 2,298 783 783 979 4,915 3,840 10,243 10,489 10,199 10,793
  Standard error (19) 1,774 1,707 717 717 582 2,464 1,926 1,922 1,970 2,031 2,135
Received negative amount number 15 2 2 2 6 7 7 13 9 8 8
Percent 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5
Aggregate -66 -9 -9 -9 -29 -30 -30 -58 -38 -36 -36
Mean -4,401 -3,881 -3,881 -3,881 -4,491 -4,068 -4,068 -4,493 -4,334 -4,721 -4,721
  Standard error (19) 732 3,422 3,422 3,422 1,392 1,282 1,282 656 746 719 719

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,842 76 300 609 1,020 1,290 1,548 3,233 2,822 2,552 2,294
Percent of total income 2.8 11.3 14.0 13.3 11.1 9.2 7.8 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0
Mean 1,436 382 917 1,294 1,467 1,469 1,446 1,466 1,425 1,420 1,429
  Standard error (19) 102 128 177 183 155 148 136 119 127 134 144
Recipient families number 267 12 34 62 96 113 131 206 171 155 136
Percent of all families 10.0 6.1 10.5 13.1 13.8 12.8 12.2 9.3 8.6 8.6 8.5
Mean amount 14,369 6,249 8,770 9,869 10,608 11,461 11,808 15,721 16,483 16,484 16,832
  Standard error (19) 564 813 590 502 450 519 500 691 797 856 946

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,004 24 43 107 132 218 363 2,897 2,872 2,786 2,642
Percent of total income 2.2 3.5 2.0 2.3 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Mean 1,123 119 133 227 190 248 339 1,314 1,450 1,550 1,646
  Standard error (19) 138 64 58 77 55 64 65 166 184 202 224
Recipient families number 136 5 8 14 17 22 39 122 119 114 98
Percent of all families 5.1 2.7 2.4 3.0 2.5 2.5 3.6 5.5 6.0 6.3 6.1
Mean amount 22,067 4,342 5,522 7,573 7,744 9,780 9,415 23,748 24,119 24,474 27,057
  Standard error (19) 1,935 1,122 1,061 1,284 1,159 1,371 986 2,100 2,138 2,226 2,486

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
1,207 122 232 447 669 727 912 761 538 481 296
Percent of total income 0.9 18.1 10.8 9.8 7.3 5.2 4.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Mean 451 611 710 948 962 827 852 345 272 267 184
  Standard error (19) 47 149 132 155 116 95 96 48 49 52 45
Recipient families number 220 43 66 93 134 148 168 127 87 72 53
Percent of all families 8.2 21.5 20.1 19.8 19.2 16.8 15.7 5.8 4.4 4.0 3.3
Mean amount 5,480 2,837 3,532 4,778 5,010 4,914 5,435 5,996 6,201 6,634 5,623
  Standard error (19) 446 544 492 603 450 421 468 654 890 1,035 1,124

Poverty Footnotes

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