U.S. Department of Commerce
Current Population Survey (CPS)
A joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau

Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement


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Contents for Table

POV27: Source of Income By Ratio of Poverty Threshold For Families And Unrelated Individuals: 2008

For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see www.census.gov/apsd/techdoc/cps/cpsmar09.pdf [PDF].

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

(Numbers of families and people in thousands, aggregate income in millions of dollars, mean (average) income and their standard errors in dollars.For definitions of income types, see "CPS Definitions and Explanation" at www.census.gov/population/www/cps/cpsdef.html)

    Below poverty level (5) Above poverty level (5)
Total Under 0.50 Under 0.75 Under 1.00 Under 1.25 Under 1.50 Under 1.75 1.00 and over 1.25 and over 1.50 and over 1.75 and over
Families with a female householder, no husband
present with related children under 18 (13)
 
Total, families
9,796 1,797 2,808 3,645 4,580 5,292 5,946 6,151 5,216 4,503 3,850
People in families 32,031 6,133 9,531 12,461 15,618 17,976 20,073 19,571 16,414 14,056 11,959

Total Income
  Aggregate (million) 334,457 7,527 19,627 33,974 54,131 72,762 92,597 300,483 280,326 261,694 241,859
Mean 34,143 4,190 6,991 9,322 11,819 13,749 15,573 48,850 53,745 58,111 62,827
  Standard error (19) 421 96 109 123 122 130 139 588 670 754 856
With zero income 386 386 386 386 386 386 386 0 0 0 0
With negative income 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0

Wages and salaries
 
  Aggregate (million)
262,590 3,087 9,807 18,789 33,206 47,298 62,397 243,801 229,384 215,291 200,193
Percent of total income 78.5 41.0 50.0 55.3 61.3 65.0 67.4 81.1 81.8 82.3 82.8
Mean 26,807 1,719 3,493 5,155 7,250 8,937 10,494 39,635 43,978 47,807 52,003
  Standard error (19) 399 78 102 118 122 130 139 569 650 734 835
Recipient families number 7,852 707 1,421 2,095 2,904 3,559 4,158 5,758 4,948 4,293 3,694
Percent of all families 80.2 39.3 50.6 57.5 63.4 67.3 69.9 93.6 94.9 95.3 96.0
Mean amount 33,442 4,369 6,901 8,970 11,435 13,289 15,006 42,345 46,357 50,152 54,192
  Standard error (19) 467 138 142 149 140 143 150 590 668 751 851

Nonfarm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
8,008 170 364 755 1,159 1,794 2,350 7,253 6,849 6,214 5,658
Percent of total income 2.4 2.3 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Mean 817 95 130 207 253 339 395 1,179 1,313 1,380 1,470
  Standard error (19) 92 21 24 30 29 34 36 145 171 196 227
Received positive amount number 464 49 95 130 182 225 261 334 282 239 203
Percent 4.7 2.7 3.4 3.6 4.0 4.3 4.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Aggregate 8,095 170 413 803 1,208 1,844 2,401 7,292 6,887 6,252 5,694
Mean 17,451 3,464 4,330 6,198 6,637 8,190 9,207 21,814 24,434 26,179 28,032
  Standard error (19) 1,765 525 451 584 507 578 586 2,396 2,805 3,281 3,827
Received negative amount number 24 0 9 12 13 17 18 12 11 8 6
Percent 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Aggregate -87 0 -49 -49 -49 -50 -51 -39 -38 -38 -37
Mean -3,585 (X) -5,523 -3,986 -3,801 -2,937 -2,825 -3,182 -3,338 -5,037 -5,732
  Standard error (19) 854 (X) 1,504 1,342 1,180 991 953 1,167 1,231 1,515 1,543

Farm self-employment
 
  Aggregate (million)
121 -9 -9 -9 -12 -14 -19 130 132 135 140
Percent of total income 0.0 -0.1 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Mean 12 -5 -3 -2 -3 -3 -3 21 25 30 36
  Standard error (19) 12 8 5 4 3 3 3 19 22 25 30
Received positive amount number 50 3 6 7 8 10 14 43 42 40 36
Percent 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Aggregate 169 0 0 0 0 0 2 168 168 168 167
Mean 3,383 1 34 67 62 46 130 3,926 3,985 4,250 4,595
  Standard error (19) 2,138 0 48 55 47 37 373 2,468 2,503 2,659 2,880
Received negative amount number 12 1 1 2 5 7 7 11 7 6 5
Percent 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aggregate -48 -9 -9 -9 -12 -15 -21 -38 -36 -33 -27
Mean -3,850 -9,000 -9,000 -5,483 -2,311 -2,246 -2,874 -3,594 -4,964 -5,663 -5,227
  Standard error (19) 1,605 0 0 5,224 2,063 1,634 1,820 1,669 2,144 2,477 2,666

Interest and dividends
 
  Aggregate (million)
3,358 30 69 141 184 253 328 3,217 3,174 3,105 3,031
Percent of total income 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Mean 343 17 24 39 40 48 55 523 609 690 787
  Standard error (19) 30 4 5 8 6 6 6 48 57 65 76
Recipient families number 2,519 104 215 330 466 622 797 2,188 2,052 1,897 1,721
Percent of all families 25.7 5.8 7.6 9.1 10.2 11.8 13.4 35.6 39.3 42.1 44.7
Mean 1,333 287 320 427 394 407 411 1,470 1,547 1,637 1,760
  Standard error (19) 116 70 62 81 60 51 45 133 141 152 167

Rental income
 
  Aggregate (million)
1,178 1 7 9 25 30 104 1,169 1,154 1,149 1,074
Percent of total income 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mean 120 1 3 2 5 6 18 190 221 255 279
  Standard error (19) 26 1 2 5 5 5 7 41 48 55 64
Received positive amount number 181 7 10 12 25 34 44 169 156 147 137
Percent 1.8 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6
Aggregate 1,305 2 8 24 49 54 129 1,281 1,257 1,252 1,176
Mean 7,205 227 797 1,968 1,951 1,587 2,956 7,591 8,042 8,491 8,559
  Standard error (19) 1,262 104 325 985 748 569 811 1,348 1,446 1,525 1,626
Received negative amount number 30 0 2 3 6 6 9 27 24 24 21
Percent 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
Aggregate -127 -0 -1 -15 -24 -24 -25 -111 -103 -103 -102
Mean -4,242 -1,200 -349 -5,149 -3,963 -3,963 -2,908 -4,141 -4,313 -4,313 -4,779
  Standard error (19) 633 (X) 374 3,114 1,500 1,500 1,202 624 696 696 710

Social Security
 
  Aggregate (million)
16,708 637 2,261 3,768 5,611 6,931 8,298 12,940 11,097 9,777 8,410
Percent of total income 5.0 8.5 11.5 11.1 10.4 9.5 9.0 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.5
Mean 1,706 354 805 1,034 1,225 1,310 1,396 2,104 2,128 2,171 2,185
  Standard error (19) 56 43 56 59 56 56 56 83 93 103 114
Recipient families number 1,309 99 279 422 575 683 776 886 734 625 532
Percent of all families 13.4 5.5 9.9 11.6 12.5 12.9 13.1 14.4 14.1 13.9 13.8
Mean amount 12,767 6,402 8,104 8,924 9,763 10,144 10,689 14,598 15,120 15,633 15,799
  Standard error (19) 253 345 229 222 213 217 219 343 397 445 504

Pension survivor and disability income
 
  Aggregate (million)
5,078 95 177 319 554 849 1,087 4,759 4,525 4,229 3,992
Percent of total income 1.5 1.3 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Mean 518 53 63 88 121 160 183 774 868 939 1,037
  Standard error (19) 41 13 13 15 16 19 20 64 75 85 98
Recipient families number 400 28 44 66 97 128 160 335 303 272 240
Percent of all families 4.1 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.2
Mean amount 12,686 3,378 3,994 4,855 5,708 6,630 6,795 14,224 14,916 15,533 16,605
  Standard error (19) 761 461 520 547 447 523 483 879 957 1,045 1,155

Mean tested cash-assistance
 
  Aggregate (million)
8,712 2,052 3,719 5,104 6,190 6,568 7,110 3,608 2,522 2,144 1,602
Percent of total income 2.6 27.3 18.9 15.0 11.4 9.0 7.7 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.7
Mean 889 1,142 1,324 1,400 1,352 1,241 1,196 587 484 476 416
  Standard error (19) 29 63 60 59 50 45 42 33 33 36 35
Recipient families number 1,584 505 804 1,004 1,172 1,248 1,331 580 412 336 254
Percent of all families 16.2 28.1 28.6 27.5 25.6 23.6 22.4 9.4 7.9 7.5 6.6
Mean amount 5,499 4,062 4,625 5,084 5,283 5,264 5,343 6,218 6,115 6,375 6,320
  Standard error (19) 128 145 140 153 140 135 135 248 286 331 366

Poverty Footnotes

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